Tohoku University

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Tohoku University
東北大学
Tohoku University logo.svg
Motto研究第一主義 (Research First Principle)
Type Public (National)
EstablishedJune 22, 1907
Endowment US$1.3 billion
(JP¥120,138 billion)
President Hideo Ohno
Administrative staff
5,756
Undergraduates 11,094
Postgraduates 7,704
Other students
1,346 (international students)
Location, ,
Japan
Campus Urban,
2.5 km²
Colors   Purple
Athletics TCAA, SEN6  [ ja ]
Affiliations APRU, AEARU, HeKKSaGOn, T.I.M.E., RENKEI
Website www.tohoku.ac.jp

Tohoku University (東北大学, Tōhoku daigaku), or Tohokudai (東北大, Tōhokudai), located in Sendai, Miyagi in the Tōhoku Region, Japan, is a Japanese national university. It was the third Imperial University in Japan, the first three Designated National University along with the University of Tokyo and Kyoto University [1] and selected as a Top Type university of Top Global University Project by the Japanese government. In 2020 and 2021, the Times Higher Education Tohoku University was ranked No. 1 university in Japan. [2] [3]

Contents

In 2016, Tohoku University had 10 faculties, 16 graduate schools and 6 research institutes, with a total enrollment of 17,885 students. [4] The university's three core values are "Research First (研究第一主義)," "Open-Doors (門戸開放)," and "Practice-Oriented Research and Education (実学尊重)."

History

Albert Einstein visit Tohoku Imperial University in 1922. Kotaro Honda ,Albert Einstein,Keiichi Aichi,Sirouta Kusukabe.jpg
Albert Einstein visit Tohoku Imperial University in 1922.
Tohoku University (Katahira campus Main Gate) Tohoku University(Katahira north gate).JPG
Tohoku University (Katahira campus Main Gate)

On June 22, 1907, the university was established under the name Tohoku Imperial University (東北帝國大學, Tōhoku teikoku daigaku) by the Meiji government as the third Imperial University of Japan, following the Tokyo Imperial University (1877) and the Kyoto Imperial University (1897). From its start, it has advocated "Open-door" policiesit was the first university in Japan to accept female students (in 1913) [5] and foreign students.

In September 1907, it set up the faculty of Agriculture in Sapporo; the Sapporo Agricultural College (札幌農學校, Sapporo nō gakkō).

It set up the Science Department in 1911, and the Medical Department (formerly the Sendai Medical College) in 1915. In 1918 it ceded the Faculty of Agriculture to Hokkaido Imperial University. It subsequently launched Faculties of Engineering in 1919, and Law and Literature in 1922. [6]

In 1947 the university assumed its current name, Tohoku University, acquired a new Faculty of Agriculture. In 1949, the Faculty of Law and Literature was split to form new faculties of Law, Literature, and Economics. A Faculty of Education was added in 1949, Dentistry in 1965, and Pharmacy in 1972. Tohoku has been a National University Corporation since April 2004. [6]

2011 Tōhoku earthquake

Subsequent to the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, the university was declared closed until further notice, but with a tentative re-opening date of the end of the following April. [7]

The Aobayama, Katahira, Amamiya, and Kawauchi campuses are all at least 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) from the ocean, towards the mountains, and therefore suffered no damage resulting from the tsunami. No deaths or serious injuries within the faculty and student body were reported on campus grounds. However, earthquake damage lead to the closure of 27 buildings and caused millions of dollars of damage to equipment. Classes have resumed normally since early May 2011 and plans for restoring, reinforcing or replacing damaged buildings are underway.

The radiology department has been actively measuring radiation levels throughout the city of Sendai since the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant meltdown, which is about 100 kilometers south. So far no alarming levels of radiation have been detected.

Campuses

City locator 14.svg Campus locations

Principal four campuses are in the Sendai City, Japan;

Administration Unit. and Principal institutes
North-Kawauchi; The freshmen and sophomore of all undergraduates
South-Kawauchi; Law, Education, Economics, Letters
Medicine, Dentistry
Science, Engineering, Pharmacy, Agriculture

Amamiya campus and some institutes transferred to the new extension at Aobayama campus in April 2017 .

Organization

Graduate School of Engineering (Research Lab Complex) Research complex lab.JPG
Graduate School of Engineering (Research Lab Complex)

Faculties (10)

  • Arts and Letters
  • Education
  • Law
  • Economics
  • Science
  • Medicine
  • Dentistry
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Engineering
    • Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
    • Information and Intelligent Systems
    • Applied Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Bio molecular Engineering
    • Materials Science and Engineering
    • Civil Engineering and Architecture
  • Agriculture

Graduate Schools (15)

  • Arts and Letters
  • Education
  • Law
  • Economics and Management
  • Science
  • Medicine
  • Dentistry
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Engineering
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • International Cultural Studies
  • Information Sciences
  • Life Sciences
  • Environmental Studies
  • Educational Informatics Research Division / Education Division

Professional graduate schools (3)

  • Law School
  • School of Public Policy
  • Accounting School

The University's Research Center for Prediction of Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions is represented on the national Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction. [8]

Research institutes

National Collaborative Research Institute

Centers and facilities

University library

  • Tohoku University Library
  • Medical Library
  • Kita-Aobayama Library
  • Engineering Library
  • Agricultural Library

University hospital

  • Tohoku University Hospital Seiryo

Inter-Department Institutes for Education and Research (9)

  • Center for Northeast Asian Studies
  • Center for the Advancement of Higher Education
    • Health Administration Center
    • University Counseling Center
    • Admission Center
    • Center for Career Support
    • Center for Culture and Language Education
  • The Center for Academic Resources and Archives
  • Institute for International Advanced Research and Education Organization
  • Cyclotron and Radioisotope Center
  • New Industry Creation Hatchery Center(NICHe)
  • Center for Interdisciplinary Research
  • Technology Center for Research and Education Activities
    • Center for Low-Temperature Science
    • High-Voltage Electron Microscope Laboratory
  • Information Synergy Organization
    • Information Synergy Center (National Collaboration Institution)

Collaborating Institutions (8)

  • Office of Cooperative Research and Development
  • Office for Strategic Promotion of Basic Research
  • Center for Research Strategy and Support(CRESS)
  • Environment Conservation Research Institute
  • Center for International Exchange
  • Archaeological Research office on the Campus
  • Global Operations center
  • Campus Planning office

Administration Unit

Tohoku University Overseas Office

Tohoku University US Office
Tohoku University China Office

Biomedical Engineering Research Organization

e-learning system

  • Internet School of Tohoku University (ISTU)

Dormitories

  • Ibun-ryo (以文寮, Ibun ryō)
  • Josyun-ryo (如春寮, Josyun ryō)
  • Seifu-ryo (霽風寮, Seifū ryō)
  • Nissyu-ryo (日就寮, Nissyū ryō)
  • Meizen-ryo (明善寮, Meizen ryō)
  • Matsukaze-ryo (松風寮, Matsukaze ryō)
  • University House Sanjo (ユニバーシティ・ハウス三条, University House Sanjo)
  • International House (国際交流会館, Kokusai kōryū kaikan)

The 21st Century Center Of Excellence Programs

Fiscal YearFieldProgram Title
2002Life SciencesFuture Medical Engineering based on Bio-nanotechnology
Chemistry, material sciencesInternational Center of Research & Education for Unexplored Chemistry
International Center of Research & Education for Materials
Information sciences, electrical and electronic engineeringSystem Construction of Global-Network Oriented Information Electronics
HumanitiesA Strategic and Education Center for an Integrated Approach to Language and Cognition
2003Medical sciencesCenter for Innovative Therapeutic Development for Common Diseases
Mathematics, physics, earth sciences Exploring New Science by Bridging Particle-Matter Hierarchy
Advanced Science and Technology Center for the Dynamic Earth
Mechanical, civil, architectural and other fields of engineeringThe Exploration of the Frontiers of Mechanical Science Based on Nanotechnology
International COE of Flow Dynamics
Social sciencesCenter for the Study of Social Stratification and Inequality
Gender Law and Policy Center
2004New scientific fieldsComprehensive Research and Education Center for Planning of Drug Development and Clinical Evaluation

Academic rankings

University rankings
Toyo Keizai National [15] General 7
Kawaijuku  [ ja ] National [16] General 5
T. Reuters National [17] Research 4
WE  [ ja ] National [18] Employment 21
Shimano National [19] Selectivity SA
QS Asia
(Asian Ranking version) [20]
General 9
ARWU Asia [21] Research 8
THE World [22] General 132
QS World [23] General 77
ARWU World [21] Research 101-150
ENSMP World [3] Alumni 13
Program rankings
Social Sciences & Humanities

LAW

Asahi National [24] Research8
BE Success National [25] Qualification10
BE Pass rate National [26] Qualification9

BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT

Eduni MBA National [27] General15
Eduni MBA World [28] General536
Natural Sciences & Technology

Engineering

Kawaijuku  [ ja ] National [29] General5
QS World [30] General56

MATERIALS SCIENCE

T.Reuters National [31] Research1
T.Reuters World [31] Research3

PHYSICS

T.Reuters National [31] Research2
T.Reuters World [31] Research10

CHEMISTRY

T.Reuters National [31] Research4
T.Reuters World [31] Research20

BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY

T.Reuters National [31] Research7
T.Reuters World [31] Research113

ARCHITECTURE

ARE Success  [ ja ] National [32] Qualification17
Life Sciences

IMMUNOLOGY

T.Reuters National [31] Research6
T.Reuters World [31] Research142

PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY

T.Reuters National [31] Research3
T.Reuters World [31] Research64
* T. Reuters World rankings include non-educational institutions

Tohoku University is one of the most prestigious universities in Japan. It can be seen in the several rankings such as shown below.

General rankings

Tohoku university has been ranked 1st in the 2020 Times Higher Education Japan University Rankings. [33]

According to 2011 QS World University Rankings [34] the university rose to 70th having dropped out of the top 100 in 2010 to 102nd, and having been 97th in the 2009 THE-QS World University Rankings (in 2010 Times Higher Education World University Rankings and QS World University Rankings parted ways to produce separate rankings).

It was also ranked 49th worldwide according to the Global University Ranking in 2009. [35]

Research performance

Tohoku is one of the top research institutions in Japan. According to Thomson Reuters, Tohoku is the 4th best research university in Japan. [17] Its research excellence is especially distinctive in Materials Science (1st in Japan, 3rd in the world), Physics (2nd in Japan, 10th in the world), Pharmacology & Toxicology (3rd in Japan, 64th in the world) and Chemistry (6th in Japan, 20th in the world). [36]

Weekly Diamond also reported that Tohoku has the 11th highest research standard in Japan in terms of research funding per researchers in COE Program. [37] In the same article, it's also ranked 9th in terms of the quality of education by GP funds per student.

In addition, Nikkei Shimbun on 2004/2/16 surveyed about the research standards in Engineering studies based on Thomson Reuters, Grants in Aid for Scientific Research and questionnaires to heads of 93 leading Japanese Research Centers, and Tohoku was placed 3rd (research planning ability 9th//informative ability of research outcome 2nd/ability of business-academia collaboration 2nd) in this ranking. [38]

According to the Qs World university rankings on 2012/9 surveyed about the general standards in Engineering&Technology field, Tohoku university was placed 56th (world), 5th(national). [39]

As Tohoku University has been emphasizing 'practical' research, Tohoku received the top place for its number of patents accepted (324) during 2009 among Japanese Universities. [40]

Graduate school rankings

Tohoku Law School is one of the most famous Law schools in Japan, as it was ranked 9th in the passing rate of Japanese Bar Examination in 2010. [41]

Eduniversal ranked Tohoku Business school as 6th in the rankings of "Excellent Business Schools nationally strong and/or with continental links " in Japan. [42]

Alumni rankings

According to the Weekly Economist's 2010 rankings, graduates from Tohoku have the 21st best employment rate in 400 major companies in Japan. [43]

Mines ParisTech : Professional Ranking World Universities ranks Tohoku University as 13th in the world in 2011 in terms of the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies. [3]

Popularity and selectivity

Tohoku is one of the most selective universities in Japan. Its entrance difficulty is usually considered as one of the top in Japan. [44] [45]

Evaluation from Business World

The university ranking of the ratio of "president and chief executive officer of listed company" in Japan
Ranking
all universities in Japan 16th [46]  out of all the 744 [47] universities which existed as of 2006
Source2006 Survey [46] by Weekly Diamond 〈ja〉 on the ranking of the universities which produced the high ratio of the graduates who hold the position of "president and chief executive officer of listed company" to all the graduates of each university
The university ranking according to the ratio of the number of the officers & managers produced by each university to the number of graduates
Ranking
all universities in Japan 40th [48]  out of all the 778 [49] universities which existed as of 2010
Source2010 Survey [50] by Weekly Economist 〈ja〉 on the ranking of universities according to the ratio of the number of the officers & managers produced by each university to the number of graduates
The university ranking according to the order of the evaluation by Personnel Departments of Leading Companies in Japan
Ranking
Japan 5th [51] (out of 781 [52]  universities in Japan as of 2020)
Source2020 Nikkei Survey [53] to all listed (3,714 [54] ) and leading unlisted (1,100), totally 4,814 companies [53]

People

Successive presidents

Akihisa Inoue (left) talked with James P. Zumwalt (charge d'affaires) and Ann Kambara at Tohoku University in 2009. Akihisa Inoue James Zumwalt and Ann Kambara 2009.jpg
Akihisa Inoue (left) talked with James P. Zumwalt (chargé d'affaires) and Ann Kambara at Tohoku University in 2009.

Notable people associated with Tohoku University

Many world-class celebrities have attended or served at Tohoku University.

Sciences

Engineering

Literature and Art

Mathematic, Economics and Business

Politics

See also

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Coordinates: 38°15′15″N140°52′25″E / 38.25417°N 140.87361°E / 38.25417; 140.87361