Toivo painted in 1872 by W. H. Yorke
|Port of registry|
|Builder||Toppila shipyard, Oulu, Grand Duchy of Finland|
|Launched||29 July 1871|
|In service||18 October 1871|
|Out of service||1895|
|Length||170 ft (51.82 m)|
|Beam||37 ft (11.28 m)|
Toivo (English: Hope) was a frigate built in 1871 at the Toppila shipyard in Oulu, Finland (then a part of the Russian Empire) for Tradehouse J. W. Snellman. Toivo was re-rigged as a bark in 1880. She sailed for Tradehouse J. W. Snellman until 1888, when she was sold to Eriksen & Gjersöe, Sweden-Norway. The ship is believed to have been taken out of service in 1895.
Actions of the Toivo's first captain Henrik Wilhelm Snellman Junior are the subject of the Finnish folk protest song "Laiva Toivo, Oulu", set to the melody of "Marching Through Georgia". The lyrics of the song, which paint H. W. Snellman in an unsymphatetic light, were probably written by Jaakko Haataja, who was the second mate of the Toivo on her third voyage from Europe to East Asia in 1874–1875.
Johan Vilhelm Snellman was an influential Fennoman philosopher and Finnish statesman, ennobled in 1866. He was one of the most important 'awakeners' or promoters of Finnish nationalism, alongside Elias Lönnrot and J. L. Runeberg.
The Fennoman movement or Fennomania was a Finnish nationalist movement in the 19th-century Grand Duchy of Finland, built on the work of the fennophile interests of the 18th and early-19th centuries.
"Marching Through Georgia" is a marching song written by Henry Clay Work at the end of the American Civil War in 1865. The title and lyrics of the song refer to U.S. Army major general William T. Sherman's "March to the Sea" to capture the Confederate city of Savannah, Georgia in late 1864.
Anja Kyllikki Snellman-Orma is a Finnish novelist, poet, journalist, television commentator, and psychotherapist.
Oulu is one of the 13 electoral districts of the Parliament of Finland, the national legislature of Finland. The district was established as Oulu Province South in 1907 when the Diet of Finland was replaced by the Parliament of Finland. It was renamed Oulu Province in 1939 and Oulu in 1997. It is conterminous with the regions of Kainuu and North Ostrobothnia. The district currently elects 18 of the 200 members of the Parliament of Finland using the open party-list proportional representation electoral system. At the 2023 parliamentary election it had 393,643 registered electors.
Capital punishment in Finland has been abolished de jure.
The Oulu Symphony Orchestra is a Finnish orchestra based in Oulu, Finland. Oulu Sinfonia gives concerts primarily at the Oulu Music Centre, in the Madetojan sali, located in the Karjasilta district, and named for Leevi Madetoja, who was born in Oulu.
Sámi Čuvgehussearvi was an association that had as its goal the promotion of Sámi culture in Finland that was founded on 11 December 1932 at the Institute for Anatomy at the University of Helsinki by Väinö Lassila, J. Keränen, Paavo Ravila and P. Mustakallio. One of the major accomplishments that the society is remembered for in Finland was assisting in the evacuation of the Skolts from Pechenga. In addition, it irregularly published a series of grammars, dictionaries and books on the Sámi culture and people. In the beginning, this series was called Sami čuvgitusseärvi toaimatusak, although it was later changed to Sámi Čuvgehussearvi doaimmahusat to reflect its new spelling once the common orthography had been introduced.
Sini Anita Kyllikki Snellman was a Finnish painter.
Toivo Nestori Aro was a Finnish sportsleader and an aquatics athlete, who won 10 Finnish championships.
Toivo Immanuel Itkonen was a Finnish historian and linguist, specializing in the Sami languages and the history of the Sami people.
Finn Film is a Finnish motion picture corporation. It was originally established in 1921, but made only one movie before finishing business in 1922. It was re-established in 2001.
Villa Hannala is a historic villa in Toppilansaari, Oulu, Finland. Located at Kahvelitie 1, the villa was built in 1859 for the Snellman family. Decorations and a tower were added in the 1890s. After surviving the threat of demolition, the building became property of the city of Oulu. In 2004–2007 it was renovated by the adult educational centre of Oulu Polytechnic. Today, the villa is almost fully restored. A café was established for visitors.
League tables for teams participating in Kakkonen, the third tier of the Finnish Soccer League system, in 2002.
Maila Talvio née Winter, married Mikkola, was a Finnish writer. Talvio was a leading Finnish writer on the temperance question and several of her works were translated into Swedish and other languages. She was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature three times.
Sisu was a Finnish state-owned icebreaker. Built in 1939 at Wärtsilä Hietalahti Shipyard in Helsinki, she was one of the world's first diesel-electric icebreakers. In addition to icebreaking duties, she served as a submarine tender for the Finnish Navy during the summer months until the end of the Continuation War.
Events in the year 2007 in Finland.
Hanna Kyllikki Snellmann is Professor of Ethnology and Vice-rector at the University of Helsinki. The focus of her research is on migration within and from the Arctic.
The Finnish National Socialist Labor Organisation was a Finnish Nazi party led by Teo Snellman. The movement that operated during the armistice and the Continuation War was also known as the National Reform Labor Organization (KUT) and the Finnish National Socialist Workers' Party (SKTP). The party's organ was Vapaa Suomi, which appeared between 1940 and 1944.