Kaarlo Toivo Aronen
June 4, 1886
|Died||1 November 1973 87)(aged|
|Occupation(s)||Construction worker, politician|
Kaarlo Toivo Aronen (4 June 1886 – 1 November 1973) was a Finnish construction worker and politician, born in Pori. He was in prison from 1918 to 1919 for having sided with the Reds during the Finnish Civil War. He was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1922 to 1923, representing the Socialist Workers' Party of Finland (SSTP). He was arrested in 1923 on sedition charges and was given a prison sentence. He was freed in 1928.
The Red Guards were the paramilitary units of the Finnish labour movement in the early 1900s. The first Red Guards were established during the 1905 general strike, but disbanded a year later. After the Russian 1917 February revolution the Red Guards were re-established and in the 1918 Finnish Civil War they formed the army of Red Finland. The combined strength of the Red Guard was about 30,000 at the beginning of the Civil War, peaking at between 90,000 and 120,000 during the course of the conflict. The number included more than 2,000 members of the Women's Guards. In May 1918, up to 80,000 Reds were captured by the victorious Whites, 12,000 to 14,000 of them died in the prison camps due to execution, disease and malnutrition. A majority of the Reds were finally pardoned in late 1918.
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