Toivo Antero Wiherheimo (13 July 1898 in Helsinki – 5 March 1970 in Helsinki; surname until 1906 Grönhag) was a Finnish economist and politician. He served as Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry from 17 November 1953 to 4 May 1954 and again from 29 August 1958 to 13 January 1959, Minister of Defence from 29 August 1958 to 13 January 1959and Minister of Trade and Industry from 13 April 1962 to 17 December 1963 and again from 12 September 1964 to 27 May 1966.
Helsinki is the capital and most populous city of Finland. Located on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, it is the seat of the region of Uusimaa in southern Finland, and has a population of 650,058. The city's urban area has a population of 1,268,296, making it by far the most populous urban area in Finland as well as the country's most important center for politics, education, finance, culture, and research. Helsinki is located 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn, Estonia, 400 km (250 mi) east of Stockholm, Sweden, and 300 km (190 mi) west of Saint Petersburg, Russia. It has close historical ties with these three cities.
Finland, officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east. The capital and largest city is Helsinki. Other major cities are Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Oulu and Turku.
The Minister of Defence is a member of the Finnish Council of State. As the head of the Ministry of Defence, the minister is responsible for the administration of national defence. The ministry is headquartered in Helsinki. The current Minister of Defence is Antti Kaikkonen.
He was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1948 to 1966, representing the National Coalition Party.
The Parliament of Finland is the unicameral supreme legislature of Finland, founded on 9 May 1906. In accordance with the Constitution of Finland, sovereignty belongs to the people, and that power is vested in the Parliament. The Parliament consists of 200 members, 199 of whom are elected every four years from 13 multi-member districts electing 7-36 using the proportional D'Hondt method. In addition, there is one member from Åland.
The National Coalition Party is a centre-right political party in Finland considered liberal, conservative, and liberal-conservative. Founded in 1918, the National Coalition Party is one of the "big three" parties that have dominated Finnish national politics for several decades, along with the Social Democratic Party and the Centre Party. The current party chair is Petteri Orpo, elected on 11 June 2016. The party self-statedly bases its politics on "freedom, responsibility and democracy, equal opportunities, education, supportiveness, tolerance and caring" and supports multiculturalism and queer rights. It is pro-NATO and pro-European as well as a member of the European People's Party (EPP).
Jan-Erik Enestam is a Finland-Swedish politician from the Swedish People's Party. He has a degree from the Åbo Akademi university in Turku.
Erkki Sakari Tuomioja is a Finnish politician and a member of the Finnish Parliament. From 2000 to 2007 and 2011 to 2015, he served as the Minister for Foreign Affairs. He was President of the Nordic Council in 2008.
Johannes Virolainen was a Finnish politician and who served as 30th Prime Minister of Finland.
Antti Kalliomäki is a Finnish politician and former athlete. Kalliomäki is a member of the Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP) and was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1983 until 2011. He retired from politics in 2011.
Juho Heikki Vennola was Professor of National Economics at the University of Helsinki, a member of the Parliament of Finland, and a politician from the National Progressive Party, who served as Prime Minister of Finland for two times.
Onni Alfred Hiltunen was a Finnish politician, minister in several cabinets and chairman of the Social Democratic Party.
Väinö Olavi Leskinen was a Finnish politician, minister and a member of the parliament from Social Democratic Party of Finland. He is perceived as one of the major Finnish social democratic politicians of the 1950s and 1960s.
Antti Juhani Rinne is a Finnish politician serving as Prime Minister of Finland since 2019 and Leader of the Social Democratic Party since 2014. He was Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister of Finland between 2014 and 2015 and has been a Member of Parliament since 2015. In the 2019 parliamentary election, Rinne led the Social Democrats to victory and served as Speaker of Parliament before being appointed as Prime Minister on 6 June 2019.
Emil Albert Skog was a Finnish telephone worker, civil servant and politician. During the Finnish Civil War, Skog fought at the Battle of Tampere as an artilleryman on the Red side and was prisoned in the Kalevankangas camp after Tampere surrendered on 6 April 1918.
Johan Helo was a Finnish lawyer, diplomat and politician.
Aarre Edvard Simonen was a Finnish lawyer and politician.
Petter (Pekka) Wilhelm Heikkinen was a Finnish farmer and politician. He served as Minister of Trade and Industry from 17 December 1927 to 22 December 1928 and from 16 August 1929 to 4 July 1930, as Deputy Minister of Agriculture from 21 March 1931 to 14 December 1932 and as Minister of Agriculture from 7 October 1936 to 15 August 1940. He was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1919 to 1922 and from 1924 to 1940, representing the Agrarian League. He served as the chairman of the Agrarian League from 1919 to 1940 and as Governor of Kuopio Province from 1940 to 1950.
Eero Erkko was a Finnish journalist and politician. He served as minister of social affairs from 27 November 1918 to 17 April 1919, minister of transport and public works from 17 April to 15 August 1919 and Minister of Trade and Industry from 15 August 1919 to 15 March 1920. He was a member of the Diet of Finland from 1894 to 1900 and again from 1905 to 1906 and of the Parliament of Finland from 1907 to 1919, representing the Young Finnish Party until 1918 and the National Progressive Party from 1918 to 1919.
Axel Palmgren was a Finnish lawyer, civil servant, business executive and politician. He served as Minister of Trade and Industry from 31 May 1924 to 31 March 1925 and again from 21 March 1931 to 14 December 1932. He was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1917 to 1922 and again from 1924 to 1936, representing the Swedish People's Party of Finland (SFP).
Tyko Henrik Reinikka was a Finnish bank director and politician. He served as Minister of Trade and Industry from 31 December 1925 to 13 December 1926, Minister of Finance from 18 August 1929 to 4 July 1930, as Deputy Minister of Finance from 6 March to 7 October 1936 and again from 5 March 1943 to 8 August 1944. He was born in Oulu, and was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1922 to 1930, representing the Agrarian League. As one of the accused in the War-responsibility trials, he was given a prison sentence of two years on 21 February 1946 because of his political role during the Continuation War. He was pardoned by President Paasikivi on 21 October 1947.
Kalle Kauppi was a Finnish legal scholar and politician. He served as Minister of Trade and Industry from 7 October 1936 to 12 March 1937, and Minister of Education from 5 March 1943 to 17 November 1944. He was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1943 to 1951, representing the National Progressive Party.
Uuno Kristian Takki was a Finnish lawyer, cooperative manager and politician. He served as Minister of Trade and Industry from 22 May 1942 to 17 November 1944 and again from 26 March 1946 to 17 March 1950, Minister of Education from 17 November 1944 to 17 April 1945, Deputy Minister of People's Service from 17 April 1945 to 29 July 1948, Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry from 15 June 1945 to 26 March 1946 and Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs from 27 March 1946 to 17 March 1950. He was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1945 to 1952 and again from 1966 until his death in 1968, representing the Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP). He was the mayor of Lahti from 1938 to 1942.
Penna Tervo was a Finnish politician. He served as Minister of Trade and Industry from 17 January 1951 to 8 July 1953 and again from 5 May to 20 October 1954. He also served as Minister of Finance from 20 October 1954 until his death on 26 February 1956. He was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1945 until his death in 1956, representing the Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP). He died in a car accident.
Grels Olof Teir was a Finnish lawyer and politician. He served as Minister of Transport and Public Works from 12 September 1964 to 27 May 1966, Minister of Trade and Industry from 22 March 1968 to 14 May 1970 and again from 4 September to 31 December 1972, and Deputy Minister of Social Affairs and Health from 13 June to 30 November 1975.
Sulo Elias Suorttanen was a Finnish lawyer, civil servant and politician. He served as Minister of Defence and at the same time Deputy Minister of the Interior from 27 May 1966 to 14 May 1970. He was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1962 to 1970 and again from 1972 to 1975, representing the Agrarian League. He was a graduate of the University of Helsinki. During the Second World War Suorttanen served Nazi Germany in the Finnish Volunteer Battalion of the Waffen-SS as an SS-Untersturmführer.