Toiyabe Range

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Toiyabe Range
Toiyabe Range.jpg
Looking southeast from above State Route 305 north of Austin
Highest point
Peak Arc Dome [1]
Elevation 11,778 ft (3,590 m)
Coordinates 38°49′57″N117°21′10″W / 38.83250°N 117.35278°W / 38.83250; -117.35278
Geography
NVMap-doton-ToiyabeMtns.png
Location of Toiyabe Range in Nevada [2]
CountryUnited States
StateNevada
Region Central Basin and Range ecoregion
District Lander and Nye counties
Range coordinates 39°59′59″N116°43′03″W / 39.99972°N 116.71750°W / 39.99972; -116.71750 Coordinates: 39°59′59″N116°43′03″W / 39.99972°N 116.71750°W / 39.99972; -116.71750

The Toiyabe Range is a mountain range in Lander and Nye counties, Nevada, United States. Most of the range is included within the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest. The highest point in the range, near its southern end, is Arc Dome (11,788 feet, 3592 m), an area protected as the Arc Dome Wilderness. The highest point in Lander County, Bunker Hill, is also located within the Toiyabe Range. The range starts in northwestern Nye County north of Tonopah, Nevada and runs approximately 120 miles (190 km) north-northeast into southern Lander County, making it the second longest range in the state.

Contents

Geography

Although the Toiyabe Range is in the rain shadow of the higher Sierra Nevada (U.S.) range to the west and is too arid to support forests except for scattered pines, the climate was cold and snowy enough during the Pleistocene to develop alpine glaciers in several places, with cirques, moraines, and other glacial features still apparent. There are numerous hiking routes in the Toiyabes, including one along the crest.

The Toiyabe Range is separated from the Shoshone Mountains to the west by the Reese River Valley, although they intermingle at their southern extremes. On the east the Toiyabe Range is separated from the Toquima Range by the Big Smoky Valley.

The historic mining community of Austin is located on the western slope of the Toiyabe Range, about midway along its length. U.S. Route 50, the "Loneliest Highway in America", runs through Austin and then crosses the range at Austin Summit at an elevation of 7,484 feet (2,281 m). [3] U.S. Route 6 passes to the south of the range between Tonopah and Ely.

Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest

The Toiyabe Range is in the Austin Ranger District of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest

Toiyabe Crest Trail

The National Recreation Toiyabe Crest Trail runs through the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest in the Toiyabe Range, consisting of over 70 miles (110 km) of trail atop the ridge, 30 miles (48 km) of which travel through the Arc Dome Wilderness. [4] The Army Corps of Engineers constructed the trail and its many "feeder" trails in the 1930s. [5] It travels through one of the longest roadless areas in the state, [6] and sits atop the longest mountain range in Nevada at over 120 miles (190 km) long. It is the longest continuous maintained trail in Nevada.[ citation needed ]

Trailheads

Its northern terminus, with an elevation of approximately 7,500 feet (2,300 m), is the trailhead on Kingston Creek Road and its southern terminus, with an elevation of approximately 6,100 feet (1,900 m) is the trailhead on Twin River Road (Forest route 080); both of which are roads off SR 376.

Related Research Articles

Humboldt–Toiyabe National Forest National forest in Nevada and California, United States

The Humboldt–Toiyabe National Forest (HTNF) is the principal U.S. National Forest in the U.S. state of Nevada, and has a smaller portion in Eastern California. With an area of 6,289,821 acres (25,454.00 km2), it is the largest U.S. National Forest outside of Alaska.

East Humboldt Range Mountain range in Nevada, United States

The East Humboldt Range is a mountain range in Elko County, Nevada, United States. It is located along the eastern edge of the upper watershed of the Humboldt River, which flows to the southwest from its source just north of the range. The range reaches a maximum elevation of 11,306 feet (3,446 m) atop Hole in the Mountain Peak. Most of the range is included within the Ruby Mountains Ranger District of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest. In 1989, the United States Congress passed the Nevada Wilderness Protection Act establishing over 36,000 acres (150 km2) of the range as the East Humboldt Wilderness. The range takes its name from the Humboldt River. The name ultimately is derived from the German naturalist Alexander von Humboldt.

Reese River River in Nevada, United States

The Reese River is a 181-mile-long (291 km) tributary of the Humboldt River, located in central Nevada in the western United States.

Ruby Mountains

The Ruby Mountains are a mountain range, primarily located within Elko County with a small extension into White Pine County, in Nevada, United States. Most of the range is included within the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest. The range reaches a maximum elevation of 11,387 feet (3,471 m) on the summit of Ruby Dome. To the north is Secret Pass and the East Humboldt Range, and from there the Rubies run south-southwest for about 80 miles (130 km). To the east lies Ruby Valley, and to the west lie Huntington and Lamoille Valleys. The Ruby Mountains are the only range of an introduced bird, the Himalayan snowcock, in North America.

Emigrant Wilderness Protected wilderness area in California, United States

The Emigrant Wilderness of Stanislaus National Forest is a wilderness area in the Sierra Nevada. It is bordered by Yosemite National Park on the south, the Toiyabe National Forest and the Hoover Wilderness on the east, and State Route 108 over Sonora Pass on the north. It is an elongated area that extends northeast about 25 miles (40 km) in length and up to 15 miles (24 km) in width. Watersheds drain to the Stanislaus and Tuolumne Rivers. This area is entirely within Tuolumne County, California and is approximately 140 miles (230 km) east of San Francisco, California and 50 miles (80 km) south of Lake Tahoe.

Eldorado National Forest U.S. National Forest in California designated in 1910

Eldorado National Forest is a U.S. National Forest located in the central Sierra Nevada mountain range, in eastern California.

Schell Creek Range

The Schell Creek Range is a linear mountain range in central White Pine County, in east-central Nevada. Its length is approximately 132 miles (212 km) in a north-south direction. Most of the range is contained within the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest, with some of the range also included in the High Schells Wilderness.

Nevada State Route 376 State highway in Nye and Lander counties in Nevada, United States

State Route 376 is a 100-mile (160 km) state highway in Nye and Lander counties in central Nevada, United States. It connects U.S. Route 6 near Tonopah north to U.S. Route 50 near Austin. The Tonopah–Austin Road existed as early as 1919, and was designated the southernmost segment of State Route 8A before being renumbered to SR 376 in 1976.

White Pine Range

The White Pine Range is a group of mountains in southern White Pine County, in eastern Nevada. The range runs for approximately 51 miles (82 km) from Beck Pass in the north to Currant Pass in the south. To the west of the range are the Duckwater (Shoshone) tribal lands and the northern arm of large Railroad Valley. To the east are Jakes Valley and the northern part of the long White River Valley. To the south are the Horse and Grant Ranges.

Nevada Wilderness Areas

In 1989 the U.S. Government enacted the Nevada Wilderness Bill, expanding the one existing Wilderness Area (Jarbidge) and creating thirteen new areas. The estimated total of 733,400 acres (296,800 ha) was over eleven times the area that had previously been under wilderness protection.

Quinn Canyon Wilderness

The Quinn Canyon Wilderness is a protected wilderness area in the Quinn Canyon Range of Nye County, in the central section of the state of Nevada in the western United States.

The Grant Range Wilderness is a protected wilderness area in the Grant Range of Nye County, in the central section of the state of Nevada in the western United States.

Arc Dome Wilderness Protected wilderness area in Nevada, United States

The Arc Dome Wilderness is a protected wilderness area in the Toiyabe Range of Nye County, in the central section of the state of Nevada in the western United States. It covers an area of approximately 115,000 acres (47,000 ha), Nevada's largest Wilderness area. Attractions include the 70-mile (110 km)-long Toiyabe Crest Trail offers travelers atop the ridge of the Toiyabe Range, including 30 miles (48 km) within the Arc Dome Wilderness.

The Table Mountain Wilderness is a protected wilderness area in the Monitor Range of Nye County in central section of the state of Nevada. It is the third largest wilderness area in the state. The nearest city is Tonopah, Nevada. The Table Mountain Wilderness Area covers 92,600 acres (37,500 ha), and is administered by the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest. The 1860s ghost town of Belmont is nearby.

Arc Dome Mountain in Nevada, United States

Arc Dome is the highest mountain of the Toiyabe Range in northwestern Nye County, Nevada, United States. It is the thirteenth-highest mountain in the state. Arc Dome also ranks as the second-most topographically prominent peak in Nye County and the eighth-most prominent peak in the state. The peak is located about 53 miles (85 km) north of the community of Tonopah, within the Arc Dome Wilderness of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest.

Toquima Range

The Toquima Range is a mountain range, located primarily in Nye County with a small extension into Lander County, in Nevada, United States. Most of the range is included within the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest. The range reaches a maximum elevation of 11,949 feet at the southern summit of Mount Jefferson. From Hickison Summit on U.S. Route 50, the range runs for approximately 71 miles (115 km) to the south-southwest. To its west are Big Smoky Valley, scenic State Route 376, and the large Toiyabe Range. To the east are remote Monitor Valley and the Monitor Range. Lying to the south of the range are U.S. Route 6 (Nevada) and the community of Tonopah, while to the north is U.S. Route 50, leading to the small community of Austin.

Mount Jefferson (Nevada) Mountain in Nevada, United States

Mount Jefferson is the highest mountain in both the Toquima Range and Nye County in Nevada, United States. It is the sixth highest mountain in the state. As the high point of a range which is well separated from other ranges by low basins, Mount Jefferson has a high topographic prominence of 5,861 feet (1,786 m). This makes it the most prominent peak in Nye County and the third most prominent peak in Nevada. For similar reasons, it is also the highest mountain for over 90 miles in all directions. It is located about 50 miles (80 km) northeast of the county seat of Tonopah within the Alta Toquima Wilderness of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest, near the smaller towns of Carvers and Round Mountain. Three distinct summits are located on a broad area of subalpine tundra: North Summit rises to 11,820 feet (3,603 m), Middle Summit to 11,692 feet (3,564 m), and South Summit to 11,949 feet (3,642 m). During the Pleistocene, alpine glaciers eroded several cirques east of the summit plateau.

Golden Trout Wilderness Protected wilderness area in California, United States

The Golden Trout Wilderness is a federally designated wilderness area in the Sierra Nevada, in Tulare County and Inyo County, California. It is located 40 miles (64 km) east of Porterville within Inyo National Forest and Sequoia National Forest.

Lamoille Canyon Road, also known as Lamoille Canyon Scenic Byway, is a 12-mile-long (19 km) National Forest Scenic Byway in Elko County, Nevada in the western United States. The road traverses Lamoille Canyon in the Ruby Mountains of northeastern Nevada, and it is administered by the Ruby Mountains Ranger District of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest.

Table Mountain, at 10,649 feet (3,246 m) is the highest summit of the Monitor Range in south-central Nevada in the United States. It is located within the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest, about 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Tonopah. The Table Mountain Wilderness is named after it.

References

  1. "Arc Dome". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey. December 12, 1980. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
  2. "Toiyabe Range". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey. December 12, 1980. Retrieved November 4, 2009.
  3. Nevada Road and Recreation Atlas (Map) (2003 ed.). 1:280,000. Benchmark Maps. 2003. ISBN   0-929591-81-X.
  4. Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest
    Arc Dome Wilderness Trails
  5. Austin Nevada Wilderness
  6. Nevada Backcountry