Tok Gajah

Last updated

Rasu Bin Shahrom (Jawi: راسو بن شهروم ), [1] [2] also popularly known as Tok Gajah (Malay for 'Lord Elephant'), was a Malay nobleman of Pahang Kingdom and modern Pahang Sultanate. He was one of the loyal followers of the then Wan Ahmad, and one of the important figures in the Pahang Civil War. Due to his outstanding gallantry during the war, Rasu rose from the rank of khatib to Imam Perang (equivalent to a 'Captain general'). [3]

In 1872, Pahang joined the Klang War on the side of Tengku Kudin. Rasu and Tok Bahaman, were the two key Pahang warlords, who with their exceptional leadership emerged victorious in several important battles in Ulu Klang, Kepong, [4] Kuala Lumpur, [5] Kuala Selangor and Hulu Selangor. [6] Pahang's involvement had turned the tide of war to Tengku Kudin's favor, effectively ending the war in Selangor. [7] In recognition of his exploits in the war, Rasu received the title Orang Kaya Imam Perang Indera Gajah of Pahang, where the nickname Tok Gajah was derived, and he was further rewarded with the gift of Pulau Tawar as his personal fief. [8]

From the establishment of a British Agency in 1887, [9] the Pahang politics came under the purview of the British government. Increasing pressure was exerted upon the Sultan by the residing British Agent, Hugh Clifford, to administer the state according to the British ideals of just rule and modernisation. This had effectively plunged the state into a seething cauldron of discontent with clashes between traditional chiefs and the British. Tok Bahaman, the chief of Semantan, joined by other nobleman of the interior including Rasu and his son Mat Kilau, rose to arm and openly challenged the British encroachment in the state. The ensuing Pahang Uprising which was won by the British, had made Rasu and his son exiles in Terengganu, where he died in 1901. [10] [11]

In modern times, the name Tok Gajah is also renowned as the nickname of the state football team Sri Pahang FC, although it tends to associate more with its literal meaning, the elephant, [12] which is a symbol of Pahang, rather than the historical figure.

Notes

  1. Aruna Gopinath 1991 , p. 95
  2. Linehan 1973 , p. 138
  3. Linehan 1973 , p. 79
  4. Linehan 1973 , p. 96
  5. Linehan 1973 , p. 97
  6. Linehan 1973 , p. 98
  7. Linehan 1973 , p. 100
  8. Linehan 1973 , p. 97
  9. Linehan 1973 , p. 112
  10. Linehan 1973 , pp. 162–168
  11. Sinar Harian - Mahu pindah makam Tok Gajah
  12. Pahang 3 JDT 1: Tok Gajah take two-goal lead against Southern Tigers in first leg

Bibliography

Related Research Articles

Tengku Ampuan Hajah Jemaah binti Almarhum Raja Ahmad was the second Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia during the brief reign of her husband, Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah. She was also Tengku Ampuan of Selangor during her husband's reign as Sultan of Selangor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yap Ah Loy</span> Former Kapitan China of Kuala Lumpur

Kapitan China Yap Ah Loy, also known as Yap Tet Loy and Yap Mao Lan, is an important figure of early Kuala Lumpur. He served as the third Kapitan China of Kuala Lumpur, and in this administrative capacity, played an important role in developing the city as a commercial and mining centre during the 19th century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Klang War</span> Conflict in Selangor, Malaysia (1867–1874)

The Klang War or Selangor Civil War was a series of conflicts that lasted from 1867 to 1874 in the Malay state of Selangor in the Malay Peninsula.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Abdul Samad of Selangor</span> Sultan of Selangor (1804–1898)

Sultan Abdul Samad ibni Almarhum Raja Abdullah was the fourth Sultan of Selangor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sultan of Selangor</span> Function and history of the Selangor State Ruler

Sultan of Selangor is the title of the constitutional ruler of Selangor, Malaysia who is the head of state and head of the Islamic religion in Selangor. The current monarch, Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah ascended the throne on the death of his father, on 22 November 2001.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bukit Nanas</span> Nature site of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Bukit Nanas, meaning "Pineapple Hill", is a small hill in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. With a height of 94 meter above sea level, it contains the only virgin tropical rain forest left in the heart of Kuala Lumpur. The Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve is located here, and is open to the public. There are jungle trails, a visitors centre, and a forestry museum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Kuala Lumpur</span>

Kuala Lumpur is the largest city in Malaysia; it is also the nation's capital. The history of Kuala Lumpur began in the middle of the 19th century with the rise of the tin mining industry, and boomed in the early 20th century with the development of rubber plantations in Selangor. It became the capital of Selangor, later the Federated Malay States, and then Malayan Union, and finally Malaya and Malaysia.

Abdul Rahman bin Tuanku Imam Nuh was a nobleman and famous Malay warrior best known for his role in the Pahang Uprising (1891–1895) in Pahang, Malaysia during the period of British protectorate. Dato' Bahaman was an Orang Besar Raja – a fief of the Sultan of Pahang.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Salahuddin of Selangor</span> Yang di-Pertuan Agong XI

Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj was the 11th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia and eighth Sultan of Selangor.

Sri Paduka Dato' Bendahara Sri Maharaja Tun Ali ibni Almarhum Dato' Bendahara Paduka Raja Tun Koris was the 23rd and the last Bendahara of Johor Sultanate, and the fourth Raja Bendahara of the Pahang Kingdom who reigned from 1806 to 1857.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pahang Civil War</span> Conflict in Pahang, Malaysia

The Pahang Civil War, also known as the Brothers War or the Bendahara War was a civil war fought from 1857 to 1863, between forces loyal to the reigning Raja Bendahara Tun Mutahir, and forces loyal to his brother Tun Ahmad, over the succession to the throne of Pahang.

Sultan ʽAbdullah Al-Muʽtassim Billah Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad Al-Muʽazzam Shah was the third modern Sultan of Pahang who ruled from 1917 to 1932.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pahang Malays</span>

Pahang Malays are a sub-group of Malay people native to the state of Pahang, in the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. With population of approximately 1.08 million people, they constitutes 70% of Pahang state's population, making them the dominant ethnic group in the state. Their language, Pahang Malay is one of many Malayan languages spoken in the region that belong to the Malayo-Polynesian group of Austronesian family.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pahang Kingdom</span> Malay state from 1770 to 1881

The Pahang Kingdom was a Malay state that existed from 1770 to 1881, and is the immediate predecessor of the modern Malaysian state of Pahang. The kingdom came into existence with the consolidation of power by the Bendahara family in Pahang, following the gradual dismemberment of Johor Empire. A self rule was established in Pahang in the late 18th century, with Tun Abdul Majid declared as the first Raja Bendahara. The area around Pahang formed a part of the hereditary domains attached to this title and administered directly by the Raja Bendahara. The weakening of the Johor sultanate and the disputed succession to the throne was matched by an increasing independence of the great territorial magnates; the Bendahara in Pahang, the Temenggong in Johor and Singapore, and the Yamtuan Muda in Riau.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bendahara dynasty</span> Late-17th-century Malaysian family tree

The Bendahara dynasty is the current ruling dynasty of Pahang, Terengganu and Johor Sultanate, a constituent state of Malaysia. The royal house were of noble origin, holding the hereditary position of Bendahara in the courts of Singapura, Melaka and Old Johor since at least from the end of the 13th century.

Orang Kaya Indera Shahbandar is a nobility title in Pahang Sultanate and one of the four highest-ranking nobles below the monarch — equivalent to Duke in some European peerage. The title traces its origin from the times of the Old Pahang Sultanate, and was historically known simply as Shahbandar ('harbourmaster'). The territory under the jurisdiction of the Shahbandar was the royal capital, Pekan, and its surrounding area stretching from Bebar river to Kuala Lepar, which mostly lies within the Pekan constituency.

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to Selangor.

Muhammad Kilau bin Rasu popularly know as 'Mat Kilau', or alternatively known as Mohamed bin Ibrahim or 'Mat Siam', was a local chieftain and folk hero from Pahang, Malaysia, best known for his role in the Pahang Uprising (1891–1895) against the British Empire. The outbreak of the resistance movement in Pahang in the late 19th century was mainly fueled by the grievances among the traditional ruling class towards the British Residential system.

The Pahang Uprising, also known as the Pahang Rebellion or the Pahang War, was an anti-colonial uprising in Pahang, Malaysia, between 1891 and 1895. The uprising was largely led by traditional chiefs and fueled by local grievances towards the British Residential system.