Tokaj

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Tokaj
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Tokaj
Coordinates: 48°07′17″N21°24′45″E / 48.121443°N 21.412468°E / 48.121443; 21.412468
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
County Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
District Tokaj
Area
  Total28.2 km2 (10.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
  Total4,155 [1]
Demonym tokaji
Population by ethnicity
[2]
   Hungarians 85.3%
   Romani 1.3%
   Germans 0.6%
   Slovaks 0.2%
   Ruthenians 0.1%
   Ukrainians 0.1%
  Others0.8%
Population by religion
[3]
   Roman Catholic 29.0%
   Greek Catholic 10.1%
   Calvinists 20.0%
   Lutherans 0.6%
  Other0.7%
   Non-religious 8.6%
  Unknown31.0%
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
3910
Area code (+36) 47
Website www.tokaj.hu

Tokaj (Hungarian pronunciation:  [ˈtokɒj] i ) is a historical town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary, 54 kilometers from county capital Miskolc. It is the centre of the Tokaj-Hegyalja wine district where Tokaji wine is produced.

Contents

History

Tokaj Castle around 1664 Tokaj Castle - colored etching - around 1664.jpg
Tokaj Castle around 1664

The wine-growing area was first mentioned by the name Tokaj in 1067. The town itself was first mentioned in documents in 1353. Its first castle was a motte, which was destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Hungary. By the 14th century, the town already had a stone castle, belonging to the Diósgyőr estate.

After 1450, Tokaj was the property of the Hunyadi family, so after Matthias Hunyadi became king, the town became a royal estate. In 1526, after the Ottomans captured Petervarad (modern day Petrovaradin, Serbia), Cistercians from Petervarad and its surroundings relocated to Tokaj and greatly improved wine making in the area. In 1705, Francis II Rákóczi ordered the castle to be destroyed.

After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, the town prospered, but when the World Wars came, it suffered greatly, losing its importance and town status. Even its role in wine trade was taken over by Sátoraljaújhely.

Tokaj was granted town status again in 1986 and it again started to prosper. Now, the town is a popular tourist attraction.

Tokaj wine region

A bottle of Tokaji Aszu Tokaji Aszu.JPG
A bottle of Tokaji Aszu

Tokaj wine region is a historical wine region located in northeastern Hungary and southeastern Slovakia. It is one of the seven larger wine regions of Hungary (Hungarian: Tokaji borrégió). Hegyalja means "foothills" in Hungarian, and this was the original name of the region.

The region consists of 28 named villages and 11,149 hectares of classified vineyards, of which an estimated 5,500 are currently planted. Tokaj has been declared a World Heritage Site in 2002 under the name Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape. However, its fame long predated this distinction because it is the origin of Tokaji aszú wine, the world's oldest botrytized wine.

Twin towns – sister cities

Tokaj is twinned with: [4]

Main sights

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Tokaj travel guide from Wikivoyage

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Geography of Hungary</span>

Hungary is a landlocked country in the southern region of East-Central Europe. It has a land area of 93,030 square km and measures about 250 km from north to south and 524 km from east to west. It has 2,106 km of boundaries, shared with Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east and southeast, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, Slovenia to the west and southwest, and Austria to the west.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tokaji</span> Hungarian and Slovakian variety of wine

Tokaji or Tokay is the name of the wines from the Tokaj wine region in Hungary or the adjoining Tokaj wine region in Slovakia. This region is noted for its sweet wines made from grapes affected by noble rot, a style of wine which has a long history in this region. The "nectar" coming from the grapes of Tokaj is also mentioned in the national anthem of Hungary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tállya</span> Village in Northern Hungary, Hungary

Tállya is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary, 45 kilometres from county seat Miskolc, in the famous Tokaj-Hegyalja wine district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Furmint</span> Variety of grape

Furmint is a white Hungarian wine grape variety that is most noted widely grown in the Tokaj-Hegyalja wine region where it is used to produce single-varietal dry wines as well as being the principal grape in the better known Tokaji dessert wines. It is also grown in the tiny Hungarian wine region of Somló. Furmint plays a similar role in the Slovakian wine region of Tokaj. It is also grown in Austria where it is known as Mosler. Smaller plantings are found in Slovenia where it is known as Šipon. The grape is also planted in Croatia & Serbia, where it is known as Moslavac. It is also found in Romania and in former republics of the Soviet Union. Furmint is a late ripening variety. For dry wines the harvest starts usually in September, however sweet wine specific harvest can start in the second half of October or even later, and is often affected by Botrytis.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County</span> County of Hungary

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County</span> County in north-eastern Hungary

Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén is an administrative county in north-eastern Hungary, on the border with Slovakia. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Nógrád, Heves, Hajdú-Bihar and Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg. The capital of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county is Miskolc. Of the seven statistical regions of Hungary it belongs to the region Northern Hungary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tokaj (Slovakia)</span>

Tokaj wine region is a wine-growing region located in south-eastern Slovakia and north-eastern Hungary. The two vine-growing areas were once part of the greater Tokaj wine region of the Kingdom of Hungary. Following the Treaty of Trianon, a smaller part became part of Czechoslovakia, and after 1993, Slovakia. The majority of the region remained part of Hungary.

Hungarian wine has a history dating back to the Kingdom of Hungary. Outside Hungary, the best-known wines are the white dessert wine Tokaji aszú and the red wine Bull's Blood of Eger.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tokaj wine region</span> UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tokaj, Hungary

Tokaj wine region or Tokaj-Hegyalja wine region is a historical wine region located in northeastern Hungary and southeastern Slovakia. It is also one of the seven larger wine regions of Hungary. Hegyalja means "foothills" in Hungarian, and this was the original name of the region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Felsőzsolca</span> Town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Hungary

Felsőzsolca is a small town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary, in the Miskolc agglomeration. It is the city with the tenth highest population in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county and the second biggest in the Miskolc agglomeration.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bodrog</span> River in Slovakia and Hungary

The Bodrog is a river in eastern Slovakia and north-eastern Hungary. It is a tributary to the river Tisza. The Bodrog is formed by the confluence of the rivers Ondava and Latorica near Zemplín in eastern Slovakia. It crosses the Slovak–Hungarian border at the village of Felsőberecki in Hungary, and Streda nad Bodrogom in Slovakia, where it is also the lowest point in Slovakia, and continues its flow through the Hungarian county Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, until it meets the river Tisza, in Tokaj. A town along its course is Sárospatak, in Hungary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Szerencs</span> Town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Hungary

Szerencs is a town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary. It lies 35 km (22 mi) away from Miskolc, and 205 km (127 mi) away from Budapest. It has about 9,100 inhabitants.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Csongrád</span> Town in Csongrád-Csanád, Hungary

Csongrád is a town in Csongrád County in southern Hungary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">City Centre (Miskolc)</span>

Miskolc City Centre is basically the historical part of the city of Miskolc, Hungary. Most of the other parts of the city were either independent towns and villages previously, or they were built later.

Tarpa is a village in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tarcal</span> Place in Northern Hungary, Hungary

Tarcal is a village on the eastern edge of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, northern Hungary, in the famous Tokaj-Hegyalja wine district, 55 km (34 mi) from Miskolc.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Erdőbénye</span> Place in Northern Hungary, Hungary

The village Erdőbénye has around 1000 inhabitants and is located 20 km from the town of Tokaj in Northern Hungary. It lies in a valley surrounded by mountains and vineyards, in the middle of the famous wine-region ‘Tokaj-Hegyalja’, in Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen County. The village is one of the centres for wine-production in this region. There are more cellars in the village, where the regional wines can be tasted. As the well-known old saying tells us: “Good wine, like Tokaj Aszu, needs a good wine-cask too…“, which is why the profession of cooper has a long tradition in this region. The coopers of Erdőbénye are the only ones in the world who have preserved the tradition of the dance of the coopers, which has been handed down from father to son, and which they perform every summer at the “Festival of Coopers.”

Zéta is a Hungarian wine grape, a crossing of Furmint and Bouvier. It was introduced to the Tokaj-Hegyalja wine region of Hungary in 1951 and authorized for production in 1990. Previously known as Oremus, its name was changed to Zéta in 1999. Its main asset is a particular aptitude for high sugar concentrations, early ripening and susceptibility for botrytis.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hercegkút</span> Village in Northern Hungary, Hungary

Hercegkút is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County in northeastern Hungary. Swabians— German immigrants — from the Black Forest (Schwarzwald) region of Germany settled here and played a major role in the evolution of the village’s viticulture. The cellars of Gombos Hill and Kőporos are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tokaj District</span> Districts of Hungary in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén

Tokaj is a district in eastern part of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County. Tokaj is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Hungary Statistical Region.

References

  1. Tokaj, KSH
  2. KSH - Tokaj, 2011
  3. KSH - Tokaj, 2011
  4. "Rendeletek 14/2019.(XI. 29.): A Képviselő-testület Szervezeti és Működési Szabályzatáról". tokaj.hu (in Hungarian). Tokaj. 2019-11-29. p. 15. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  5. "Hungary Allocates $8 Million to Restore Orthodox Churches". 8 February 2017.

48°07′N21°25′E / 48.117°N 21.417°E / 48.117; 21.417