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Tokapcup-kamuy (Ainu: トカㇷ゚チュㇷ゚カムイ, day-illuminating god) is the solar goddess of the Ainu people. Her husband is the moon god Kunnecup-kamuy. Kotan-kar-kamuy was given the task of illuminating the human world, as well raising the culture hero Aynurakkur. [1]

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A kamuy is a spiritual or divine being in Ainu mythology, a term denoting a supernatural entity composed of or possessing spiritual energy.

Ae-oyna-kamuy is an Ainu kamuy (god) and culture hero. In Ainu mythology, he is credited with teaching humans domestic skills, and for this reason he is called Aynurakkur.

Apasam Kamuy is the Ainu kamuy (god) of the threshold. Apasam Kamuy is called upon for protection during changes of state.

Cikap-kamuy is the Ainu kamuy (god) of owls and the land. He is responsible for overseeing the behavior of humans and kamuy. He is considered a deity of material success.

Hasinaw-uk-kamuy is the Ainu kamuy (goddess) of the hunt. She is sometimes called Isosange Mat and Kamuy Paseguru.

Kamuy-huci is the Ainu kamuy (goddess) of the hearth. Her full name is Apemerukoyan-mat Unamerukoyan-mat, and she is also known as Iresu Kamuy. She is among the most important kamuy of Ainu mythology, serving as keeper of the gateway between the world of humans and the world of kamuy.

Kandakoro Kamuy is the Ainu kamuy (god) of the sky. He is the prime originator of Ainu mythology, responsible either directly or indirectly for the creation of all things.

Kenas-unarpe (ケナㇱウナㇻペ) is an Ainu kamuy (god). She is a blood-drinking monster who preys upon hunters. However, she is sometimes called upon to assist in childbearing.

Kim-un-kamuy is the Ainu kamuy (god) of bears and mountains.

Kina-sut-kamuy (キナスッカムイ) is the Ainu kamuy (god) of snakes. He is a benevolent figure who is called upon for protection against various calamities.

Moshirkara Kamuy is an Ainu kamuy (god). At the command of Kandakoro Kamuy, he is said to have created the earth, shaping it and preparing it for humans to inhabit. Like Kandakoro Kamuy, he plays little part in Ainu mythology after the creation of the world is complete.

Nusa-kor-kamuy (ヌサ・コル・カムイ) is an Ainu kamuy (god). Called the community-founding kamuy, he represents the dead and serves as a messenger to the other kamuy.

Pauchi Kamuy is the Ainu kamuy (god) of insanity.

Repun Kamuy is the Ainu kamuy (god) of the sea.

Shiramba Kamuy is the Ainu kamuy (god) of wood, grains, and other forms of vegetation. He is therefore also the kamuy of many household tools, which contain wood. He is sometimes portrayed as the brother of Hash-inau-uk Kamuy, the goddess of the hunt.

Waka-ush Kamuy is the Ainu kamuy (goddess) of fresh water. She is also known as Petorush Mat.

Yushkep Kamuy is the kamuy (goddess) of the spiders in Ainu mythology. She is also known as Ashketanne Mat. She is the familiar of female shamans and is called upon to aid in childbirth.

Inau or Inaw is an Ainu term for a ritual wood-shaving stick used in Ainu prayers to the spiritual world. They were used in most Ainu religious rituals, and were also frequently made to request assistance for hunting and childbirth. Some can be used multiple times, while others are destroyed immediately after one use. Their size and the direction in which they are shaved depends on which kamuy it is offered to and what is being requested.

<i>Golden Kamuy</i> Japanese manga series

Golden Kamuy is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Satoru Noda. The story follows a young Ainu girl named Asirpa and her quest to find a huge fortune of gold of the Ainu people, helped by Saichi Sugimoto, a veteran of the early twentieth century Russo-Japanese War. The Ainu language in the story is supervised by Hiroshi Nakagawa, an Ainu language linguist from Chiba University. The manga won the ninth Manga Taishō award in 2016.

Kotan-kar-kamuy is the creator deity of the Ainu people. He should not be confused with god of the land Kotan-kor-kamuy.


  1. Beauclair, Inez de (1994). Götter und Mythen Ostasiens (in German). Klett-Cotta. p. 204. ISBN   9783129098608.