Tokchon

Last updated
Tŏkch'ŏn

덕천
Korean transcription(s)
   Chosŏn'gŭl
   Hancha
   McCune–Reischauer Tŏkch'ŏn-si
   Revised Romanization Deokcheon-si
DPRK2006 Pyongnam-Dokchon.PNG
Map of South Pyongan showing the location of Tokchon
North Korea adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tŏkch'ŏn
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 39°45′40″N126°18′43″E / 39.761°N 126.312°E / 39.761; 126.312 Coordinates: 39°45′40″N126°18′43″E / 39.761°N 126.312°E / 39.761; 126.312
Country North Korea
Province South P'yŏngan
Administrative divisions 22 tong, 10 ri
Population
 (2008)
  Total237,133
  Dialect
P'yŏngan
Time zone UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

Tŏkch'ŏn (Korean pronunciation:  [tʌk̚.tsʰʌn] ) is a si, or city, in northern South P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It is bordered by Nyŏngwŏn and Maengsan to the east, Kujang county in North P'yŏngan province to the north, Kaech'ŏn to the west and Pukch'ang to the south. It was known as "Tokugawa" during Japanese rule.

Contents

History

On April 28, 2017, a Hwasong-12 intermediate-range ballistic missile launched from near Pukchang Airport reportedly crashed into Ch'ŏngsin-dong, Tokchon, damaging several structures in the city. [1]

Administrative divisions

Tŏkch'ŏn-si is divided into 22 tong (neighbourhoods) and 10 ri (villages):

  • Chenam-dong (제남동)
  • Ch'angmal-dong (창말동)
  • Ch'angsang-dong (창상동)
  • Ch'ŏngsin-dong (청신동)
  • Ch'ŏngsong-dong (청송동)
  • Hŭngdŏk-tong (흥덕동)
  • Hyŏngbong-dong (형봉동)
  • Kangan-dong (강안동)
  • Namdŏk-tong (남덕동)
  • Namsan-dong (남산동)
  • Osan-dong (오산동)
  • Samt'an-dong (삼탄동)
  • Sangdŏk-tong (상덕동)
  • Sangsin-dong (상신동)
  • Sinhŭng-dong (신흥동)
  • Sŏmun-dong (서문동)
  • Songwŏn-dong (송원동)
  • Sŭngri-dong (승리동)
  • Tŏksŏng-dong (덕성동)
  • Ŭndŏk-tong (은덕동)
  • Wŏlbong-dong (월봉동)
  • Yŏkchŏn-dong (역전동)
  • Andong-ri (안동리)
  • Changdong-ri (장동리)
  • Kujang-ri (구장리)
  • Much'ang-ri (무창리)
  • Namyang-ri (남양리)
  • P'unggong-ri (풍곡리)
  • Samhŭng-ri (삼흥리)
  • Sinp'ung-ri (신풍리)
  • Sinsŏng-ri (신성리)
  • Unhŭng-ri (운흥리)

Economy

The Sŭngri Motor Plant (with associated workshops) has been one of the few domestic sources of both low-cost replicas of foreign passenger cars and military-service trucks in North Korea since it was established in 1950, and developed through the massive militarization campaigns of Kim Il-sung in the 1970s and 80s.

However, the total depletion of foreign credit by the end of the 1980s caused the manufacturing industry to implode; the supply of steel for metalworking at Sŭngri slowed to a trickle, and even when available, the production lines had regular power outages. The severe famine in the countryside had also caused an exodus of starving peasants to the cities, further straining food supplies and worker productivity. 20,000 cars and trucks were made in Tŏkch'ŏn in 1980, by 1996 the number was just 150, all of which were Army trucks, some later modified as rocket artillery launchers. [2]

Transportation

Tŏkch'ŏn-si is served by the Korean State Railway's P'yŏngdŏk line and five branchlines.

See also

Further reading

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References

  1. Panda, Ankit; Schmerler, Dave (January 3, 2018). "When a North Korean Missile Accidentally Hit a North Korean City". The Diplomat . Archived from the original on January 4, 2018. Retrieved January 4, 2018. On April 28, 2017, North Korea launched a single Hwasong-12/KN17 intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM) from Pukchang Airfield in South Pyongan Province (the Korean People’s Army’s Air and Anti-Air Force Unit 447 in Ryongak-dong, Sunchon City, to be more precise). That missile failed shortly after launch and crashed in the Chongsin-dong, in North Korean city of Tokchon, causing considerable damage to a complex of industrial or agricultural buildings.
  2. https://fas.org/nuke/guide/dprk/facility/tokchon.htm