Toki Shigeyori (土岐 成頼, 1442 – May 5, 1497) was a leading military commander during the Muromachi period in Mino Province (modern-day Gifu Prefecture), Japan. The characters for his name can also be read as Toki Nariyori. He became the eighth head of the Toki clan at the age of 15 and was the adopted son of Toki Mochimasu. His sons included Toki Masafusa and Toki Motoyori. After becoming a priest later in life, his name was changed to Muneyasu (宗安). His remains are at Zuiryū-ji in the city of Gifu.
When Mochimasu's eldest son, Toki Mochikane (土岐持兼) died, Mochikane's son was selected to be the next shugo (governor) of Mino Province. However, Saitō Toshinaga, a shugodai (vice-governor), pushed Shigeyori to be the next shugo. At the time, Shigeyori was a member of the related Isshiki clan, but was adopted by Mochimasu and succeeded him in 1467. This is one of the many examples during the middle part of the Muromachi period in which the shugodai usurped the power of the shugo; the Saitō clan even had its own power usurped later on.
In 1467, Shigeyori fought for the western armies in the Ōnin War. He commanded a group of 8,000 men and fought with the forces stationed in Kyoto; his actions protected the life of Saitō Myōchin, the current shugodai of Mino Province. Afterwards, the Tomishima (富島氏 Tomishima-shi) and Nagae (長江氏 Nagae-shi) clans sided with the eastern armies and a civil war broke out within Mino Province, but Myōchin was able to defeat them. Because there were fears that the eastern armies would be able to take control of an influence the bakufu , the western armies worked to gain organize and join with powerful shrines and other strong groups. Through this, Myōchin was able to extend his power to Owari, Ise, Ōmi and Hida provinces and Shigeyori was able to exert more influence over the western armies.
In 1477, after the end of the Ōnin War, Shigeyori gave sanctuary to Ashikaga Yoshimi and his son Ashikaga Yoshitane, the nominal heads of the western armies, he returned home to Mino Province. Yoshimi and Yoshitane spent the following eleven years living in Kawate Castle.
After Myōchin died in 1480, Saitō Myōjun and Saitō Toshifuji fought for the right to succeed Myōchin. Myōjun won and further strengthened the power of the Saitō clan.
The Ashikaga shogunate, also known as the Muromachi shogunate, was the feudal military government of Japan during the Muromachi period from 1336 to 1573.
The Sengoku period is a period in Japanese history of near-constant civil war, social upheaval, and political intrigue from 1467 to 1615.
Ashikaga Yoshihisa was the 9th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1473 to 1489 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshihisa was the son of the eighth shōgun Ashikaga Yoshimasa with his wife Hino Tomiko.
Ashikaga Yoshimasa was the 8th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1449 to 1473 during the Muromachi period of Japan.
Shugo (守護), commonly translated as “(military) governor,” “protector,” or “constable,” was a title given to certain officials in feudal Japan. They were each appointed by the shōgun to oversee one or more of the provinces of Japan. The position gave way to the emergence of the daimyōs in the late 15th century, as shugo began to claim power over lands themselves, rather than serving simply as governors on behalf of the shogunate.
Mino Province, one of the old provinces of Japan, encompassed the southern part of modern-day Gifu Prefecture. It was sometimes called Nōshū (濃州). Mino Province bordered Echizen, Hida, Ise, Mikawa, Ōmi, Owari, and Shinano Provinces.
The Ōnin War, also known as the Upheaval of Ōnin and Ōnin-Bunmei war, was a civil war that lasted from 1467 to 1477, during the Muromachi period in Japan. Ōnin refers to the Japanese era during which the war started; the war ended during the Bunmei era. A dispute between a high official, Hosokawa Katsumoto, and a regional lord, Yamana Sōzen, escalated into a nationwide civil war involving the Ashikaga shogunate and a number of daimyō in many regions of Japan.
Yamana Sōzen was originally Yamana Mochitoyo before becoming a monk. Due to his red complexion, he was sometimes known as Aka-nyūdō, "the Red Monk". He was one of the daimyōs who fought against Hosokawa Katsumoto during the Ōnin War in Heian-kyō.
Ōnin (応仁) was a Japanese era name after Bunshō and before Bunmei. This period spanned the years from March 1467 through April 1469. The reigning emperor was Go-Tsuchimikado-tennō (後土御門天皇).
The Hatakeyama clan was a Japanese samurai clan. Originally a branch of the Taira clan and descended from Taira no Takamochi, they fell victim to political intrigue in 1205, when Hatakeyama Shigeyasu, first, and his father Shigetada later were killed in battle by Hōjō forces in Kamakura. After 1205 the Hatakeyama came to be descendants of the Ashikaga clan, who were in turn descended from Emperor Seiwa (850–880) and the Seiwa Genji branch of the Minamoto clan.
Gifu Castle is a Japanese castle located in the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. Along with Mount Kinka and the Nagara River, it is one of the main symbols of the city. The caste is also known as Inabayama Castle (稲葉山城Inabayama-jō). It was designated National Historic Site in 2011.
The Yamana clan was a Japanese samurai clan which was one of the most powerful of the Muromachi period (1336-1467); at its peak, members of the family held the position of Constable (shugo) over eleven provinces. Originally from Kōzuke Province, and later centered in Inaba Province, the clan claimed descendance from the Seiwa Genji line, and from Minamoto no Yoshishige in particular. The clan took its name from the village of Yamana in present-day Gunma Prefecture. They were valued retainers under Minamoto no Yoritomo, and counted among his gokenin.
The Takeda clan of Aki Province was a cadet branch of the famed Takeda clan of the Kai Province of Imperial Japan, descended from Emperor Seiwa (850-880) and the Minamoto clan. The Takeda of Wakasa were a branch of the Takeda of Aki.
The Toki clan is a Japanese kin group.
Shiba clan was a Japanese clan.
Toki Yorinari, also known as Toki Yoriaki, was a Japanese samurai warrior of in the Sengoku period. He was shugo of Mino Province. He may be equivalent to Toki Yoshiyori, also described as a Japanese samurai warrior of in the Sengoku period.
Toki Masafusa was a Japanese samurai warrior of the Sengoku period.
Mino washi is a type of Japanese paper created in Gifu Prefecture, Japan. Washi is made from the paper mulberry which is a plant that grows in the city of Mino. In 1985, it was designated a Traditional Craft by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry.
Nagamori Castle was a castle built in Mino Province, Japan, by Tosanobō Shōshun (土佐坊昌俊), in 1185, and lasted from the Heian period to the early Sengoku period. It is located in the Kiridōshi area of the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. After the castle was dismantled in the beginning of the Sengoku period, the Kiridōshi Jin'ya was built on the same spot. It served as the base for the area shugo until the construction of Kawate Castle nearby.
Saitō Toshinaga was a daimyō during Japan's Muromachi period. He was the son of Saitō Sōen (斎藤宗円), shugo of Mino Province, and the older brother of Saitō Myōchin, making him the uncle of the warlord Saitō Dōsan. By his first wife, he was the father of Saitō Toshifuji (斎藤利藤) and Saitō Noriaki (斎藤典明). His second wife, who was born into the Akamatsu clan, birthed Saitō Myōjun (斎藤妙純), Saitō Toshiyasu (斎藤利安), Saitō Toshitsuna (斎藤利綱) and Saitō Toshitaka (斎藤利隆).