Toki Yoritoshi

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Toki Yoritoshi Toki Yoritoshi.jpg
Toki Yoritoshi

Toki Yoritoshi (土岐 頼稔, March 20, 1695 October 17, 1744) was a Japanese daimyō of the Edo period. He served in a variety of positions in the Tokugawa shogunate, including Kyoto Shoshidai (1734–1732) [1] and rōjū . [2]

At some point, there was a devastating fire in Heian-kyō while Toki Tango-no-kami held the office of Kyoto shoshidai. Shortly afterwards, a clever poem which included a play on the shoshidai's name was widely circulated:

Toki mo toki
Tango no gogatsuban ni
kaji dashite
Edo e shiretariya
Mi-shoshi senban. [3]
  • A conventional English translation (Frederic Shoberl, 1822): "Such is the time at present: a fire broke out in the fifth night of the fifth month. When the news shall have reached Edo, there will be numberless applicants who will harass you without ceasing." [2]
  • A more literal English translation (Timon Screech, 2006):
At this very time
On Tango's evening
Fire broke out
Edo was informed
For the noble governor
Much [trouble]. [4]

The 18th century poet was Kazehaya Yoshizane, who puns "Tango" (Tango no sekku), one of the five main festivals of the year (falling on the 5th day of the 5th month), with the daimyo's toponym, "Tango" (Tango Province). [4] Poetry of this sort was an element of popular culture in this period. Witty and timely word play which somehow married puns on a personal name with a current event became fashionable. It could engender broad public approval, and occasionally such poetry might even receive approbation from the emperor. [2]


  1. Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779–1822, p. 241 n77.
  2. 1 2 3 Screech, p. 114.
  3. Screech, pp. 113–114.
  4. 1 2 Screech, p. 242 n78.

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<i>Illustrations of Japan</i>

The Dutch-language book Bijzonderheden over Japan, behelzende een verslag van de huwelijks plechtigheden, begrafenissen en feesten der Japanezen, de gedenkschriften der laatste Japansche keizers, en andere merkwaardigheden nopens dat rij. Uit het Engelsch, met gekleurde platen naar Japansche originelen is about Japanese history, customs and ceremonies during the Tokugawa period observed by Dutch senior official in the VOC Isaac Titsingh, published in 1824 in The Hague by Wed. J.Allart. It was based on the English book Illustrations of Japan; consisting of Private Memoirs and Anecdotes of the reigning dynasty of The Djogouns, or Sovereigns of Japan; a description of the Feasts and Ceremonies observed throughout the year at their Court; and of the Ceremonies customary at Marriages and Funerals: to which are subjoined, observations on the legal suicide of the Japanese, remarks on their poetry, an explanation of their mode of reckoning time, particulars respecting the Dosia powder, the preface of a work by Confoutzee on filial piety, published two years before in 1822 by R. Ackermann in London.


Preceded by
Makino Hideshige
17th Kyoto Shoshidai
Succeeded by
Makino Sadamichi