Toko Mouth

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Toko Mouth, looking north across the estuary. Toko Mouth estuary.JPG
Toko Mouth, looking north across the estuary.

Toko Mouth is a settlement close to the south bank of the mouth of the Tokomairaro River, some 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of Dunedin and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) southeast of Milton in Otago, New Zealand.

Tokomairaro River Otago, New Zealand

The Tokomairaro River is located in Otago, New Zealand. It flows southeast for some 50 kilometres (30 mi), reaching the Pacific Ocean at Toko Mouth 50 kilometres (30 mi) south of Dunedin. The town of Milton is located on the Tokomairaro's floodplain, close to the junction of its two main branches.

Dunedin City in Otago, New Zealand

Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region. Its name comes from Dùn Èideann, the Scottish Gaelic name for Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.

Milton, New Zealand town in New Zealand

Milton, formerly known as Tokomairiro or Tokomairaro, is a town of 2,000 people, located on State Highway 1, 50 kilometres to the south of Dunedin in Otago, New Zealand. It lies on the floodplain of the Tokomairaro River, one branch of which loops past the north and south ends of the town. This river gives its name to many local features, notably the town's main school, Tokomairiro High School.

The settlement comprises some 70 holiday homes, of which a small percentage are occupied by permanent residents. It is accessible by road from Milton and also via a coastal back-road from Kaitangata, 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the southwest.

Kaitangata, New Zealand Place in Otago, New Zealand

Kaitangata is a town near the coast of South Otago, New Zealand, on the left bank of the Clutha River ten kilometres south east of Balclutha. The town is known to its residents simply as Kai.

High seas buffet the mouth of the river. Waves2.JPG
High seas buffet the mouth of the river.

Several beaches surround the area: Chrystall's Beach and Glenledi/Bull Creek to the north and Measly Beach to the south. Chrystall's Beach features the local landmark of Cook's Head Rock, a rock formation with hexagonal columns. Bull Creek is a popular site, as the small beach is surrounded by a stand of native bush and is sheltered by a reef. Swimming is relatively safe at both Bull Creek and Toko Mouth, though rips are common at Chrystall's Beach.

Glenledi, also known as Bull Creek, is a small coastal farming and holiday settlement to the east of Milton, New Zealand, in the Otago region of New Zealand's South Island. It lies at the north end of Chrystall's Beach, six kilometres northeast along the coast from Toko Mouth. The small Glenledi Stream enters the Pacific Ocean at Bull Creek, passing through a reef-protected cove surrounded by native bush.

Cooks Head Rock

Cook's Head Rock is a phonolite basalt rock standing on the Chrystall's Beach expanse closely north of the rivermouth settlement Toko Mouth of South Otago, New Zealand. The lower faces of the rock are made up of numerous hexagonal basalt columns suggesting Cook's Head Rock is a former volcanic vent.

The estuary just inside the mouth provides a food source for several species of water birds, including oystercatchers, spoonbills, gulls, and herons. A reef is outside the southern side of the mouth. Shortly up river, the wetland is home to a notable population of fernbird and the occasional bittern.

Estuary A partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea

An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.

Oystercatcher genus of birds

The oystercatchers are a group of waders forming the family Haematopodidae, which has a single genus, Haematopus. They are found on coasts worldwide apart from the polar regions and some tropical regions of Africa and South East Asia. The exception to this is the Eurasian oystercatcher and the South Island oystercatcher, both of which breed inland, far inland in some cases. In the past there has been a great deal of confusion as to the species limits, with discrete populations of all black oystercatchers being afforded specific status but pied oystercatchers being considered one single species.

Spoonbill genus of birds

Spoonbills are a genus, Platalea, of large, long-legged wading birds. The spoonbills have a global distribution, being found on every continent except Antarctica. The genus name Platalea derives from Latin and means "broad", referring to the distinctive shape of the bill. Six species are recognised, which although usually placed in a single genus have sometimes been split into three genera.

From the earlier months of 2007 it has become apparent that the spit which buffers the river mouth has been moving erratically with each successive tide, wearing down to nothing but a stub. Heavy rain and wind has caused this occurrence.

Coordinates: 46°13′10″S170°02′35″E / 46.21947°S 170.043147°E / -46.21947; 170.043147

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.

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