Tokomairaro River

Last updated

Train crossing a railway bridge over the Tokomairaro River at Waronui, Clutha District, ca. 1926 Train crossing a railway bridge over the Tokomairiro River at Waronui, Clutha District. ATLIB 294198.png
Train crossing a railway bridge over the Tokomairaro River at Waronui, Clutha District, ca. 1926

The Tokomairaro River is located in Otago, New Zealand. It flows southeast for some 50 kilometres (30 mi), reaching the Pacific Ocean at Toko Mouth 50 kilometres (30 mi) south of Dunedin. The town of Milton is located on the Tokomairaro's floodplain, close to the junction of its two main branches (which run past the north and south ends of the town).

The name of the river is Māori, and translates roughly as 'place where canoe must be poled' (a possible reference to the method needed to travel through the extensive wetlands, instead of the usual paddling). [1] The Tokomairaro River is prone to seasonal flooding during the heavy rainfall months, August to October. Local industrial buildings have been forced to build high concrete walls around their property to reduce flood damage each year.

The spelling of the river changed from "Tokomairiro River" to "Tokomairaro River" on 28 July 2016. [2] Both spellings have been in use since mid-1800s, however "Tokomairaro" was deemed to be correct. [3]

Related Research Articles

Clutha River / Mata-Au River in the South Island of New Zealand

The Clutha River, officially Clutha River / Mata-Au, is the second longest river in New Zealand and the longest in the South Island. It flows south-southeast 338 kilometres (210 mi) through Central and South Otago from Lake Wānaka in the Southern Alps / Kā Tiritiri o te Moana to the Pacific Ocean, 75 kilometres (47 mi) south west of Dunedin. It is the highest volume river in New Zealand, and the swiftest, with a catchment of 21,960 square kilometres (8,480 sq mi), discharging a mean flow of 614 cubic metres per second (21,700 cu ft/s). The Clutha River is known for its scenery, gold-rush history, and swift turquoise waters. A river conservation group, the Clutha Mata-Au River Parkway Group, is working to establish a regional river parkway, with a trail, along the entire river corridor.

Rift Valley lakes Group of lakes in the East African Rift

The Rift Valley lakes are a series of lakes in the East African Rift valley that runs through eastern Africa from Ethiopia in the north to Malawi in the south, and includes the African Great Lakes in the south. These include some of the world's oldest lakes, deepest lakes, largest lakes by area, and largest lakes by volume. Many are freshwater ecoregions of great biodiversity, while others are alkaline "soda lakes" supporting highly specialised organisms.

Edgecumbe is a town in the Bay of Plenty of the North Island of New Zealand, 15 kilometres to the west of Whakatāne and eight kilometres south of the Bay's coast.

Kaitangata, New Zealand Place in Otago, New Zealand

Kaitangata is a town near the coast of South Otago, New Zealand, on the left bank of the Clutha River ten kilometres south east of Balclutha. The town is known to its residents simply as Kai.

Taieri River

The Taieri River is the fourth-longest river in New Zealand and is in Otago in the South Island. Rising in the Lammerlaw Range, it initially flows north, then east around the Rock and Pillar range before turning southeast, reaching the sea 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Dunedin.

Milton, New Zealand Town in New Zealand

Milton, formerly known as Tokomairiro or Tokomairaro, is a town of 2,000 people, located on State Highway 1, 50 kilometres to the south of Dunedin in Otago, New Zealand. It lies on the floodplain of the Tokomairaro River, one branch of which loops past the north and south ends of the town. This river gives its name to many local features, notably the town's main school, Tokomairiro High School.

Taieri Plain

The Taieri Plain is an area of fertile agricultural land to the southwest of Dunedin, in Otago, New Zealand. The plain covers an area of some 300 square kilometres, with a maximum extent of 30 kilometres. It is not to be confused with Strath Taieri, a second plain of the Taieri River, 40kms to the north beyond Mount Ross.

South Otago lies in the south east of the South Island of New Zealand. As the name suggests, it forms the southernmost part of the geographical region of Otago.

The Shag River is located in Otago in the South Island of New Zealand. It rises in the Kakanui Range, flowing southeast for 75 km (47 mi), or 50 kilometres (31 mi) before reaching the Pacific Ocean on the south side of Shag Point, 7.5 km (4.7 mi) east of Palmerston. The Dunback Branch railway that operated from the 1880s to 1989 largely followed the route of the river from its junction with the Main South Line near Shag Point township to its terminus in Dunback.

Mount Hopkins (New Zealand)

Mount Hopkins is located in the Southern Alps of New Zealand's South Island. It lies 25 kilometres (16 mi) to the southwest of Aoraki / Mount Cook, and rises to 2,678 metres (8,786 ft). Several rivers have their sources on or close to the slopes of Mount Hopkins, notably the Landsborough River to the west, the Dobson River to the east, and Hopkins River to the south. At Mount Hopkins, the traditional boundaries of the former Otago, Westland, and Canterbury Provinces meet, these boundaries survive today as provincial districts, and only serve for the purposes of determining anniversary days. However, the modern day boundaries of the Otago region, the West Coast region and the Canterbury region meet further south at Mt Strauchon, which is also on the Main Divide.

Clutha District Territorial authority in Otago, New Zealand

Clutha District is a local government district of southern New Zealand, with its headquarters in the Otago town of Balclutha. The Clutha District has a land area of 6,362.86 km² and a 2006 census population of 16,839 usual residents. Clutha District occupies the majority of the geographical area known as South Otago.

River Suck Tributary of the Shaoon in central and western Ireland

The River Suck is a river within the Shannon River Basin in Ireland, 133 km (82.5 mi) in length. It is the main tributary of the River Shannon. It meets the Shannon a kilometre south of the village of Shannonbridge.

Silver Stream River in New Zealand

The Silver Stream is a small river flowing close to the town of Mosgiel in Otago, New Zealand.

Outram, New Zealand

Outram is a rural suburb of Dunedin, New Zealand, with a population of 642. It is located 28 kilometres west of the central city at the edge of the Taieri Plains, close to the foot of Maungatua. The Taieri River flows close to the southeast of the town. Outram lies on State Highway 87 between Mosgiel and Middlemarch.

The Pomahaka River is in South Otago in New Zealand's South Island. It is a tributary of the Clutha River, flowing south for 80 kilometres (50 mi) from the Old Man Range of mountains to join the Clutha about 15 km west of Balclutha. Along its path it passes the Blue Mountains and the forestry town of Tapanui in the area known locally as West Otago.

The Tapanui Branch was a railway line located near the border of the regions of Southland and Otago, New Zealand. Although the name suggests that it terminated in Tapanui, its furthest terminus was actually in Edievale. Construction of the line began in 1878 with the first section opened in 1880, and it operated until 1978, when it was destroyed by flooding from the Pomahaka River.

Toko Mouth Locality in Clutha District, Otago Region, New Zealand

Toko Mouth is a settlement close to the south bank of the mouth of the Tokomairaro River, some 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of Dunedin and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) southeast of Milton in Otago, New Zealand.

Kelso, New Zealand

Kelso is an abandoned small settlement in Otago, New Zealand, located ten kilometres north of Tapanui on the Crookston Burn, close to its junction with the larger Pomahaka River. Its population during the 1960s and 1970s was close to 300, with most of its economy based on sheep farming. A small dairy factory was a focal point in the village's early years.

Terrys Creek, an urban watercourse that is part of the Lane Cove River catchment, is located in Northern Suburbs region of Sydney, Australia. It was named after Edward Terry who served as the first mayor of Eastwood municipality.

The River Pocwock is a tributary of the Saint John River, flowing in:

References

  1. "NOTES AND QUERIES. OTAGO WITNESS". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 2 February 1910. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  2. "Tokomairaro River, Tokomairaro River East Branch, Tokomairaro River West Branch". LINZ. 28 July 2016.
  3. "Spelling correction sought for Otago rivers". LINZ. 23 October 2015.

Coordinates: 46°12′S170°03′E / 46.200°S 170.050°E / -46.200; 170.050