Tokomaru Bay

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Tokomaru Bay, New Zealand Marotiri.JPG
Tokomaru Bay, New Zealand
Tokomaru Bay
Population:462 (2008)
Territorial Authority
Gisborne District

Tokomaru Bay is a small beachside community located on the isolated East Coast of New Zealand's North Island. It is 91 km north of Gisborne, on State Highway 35, and close to Mount Hikurangi. The district was originally known as Toka-a-Namu, which refers to the abundance of sandflies. Over the years the name was altered to Tokomaru Bay.

Contents

The two hapu or sub-tribes that reside in Tokomaru Bay are Te Whanau a Ruataupare and Te Whānau a Te Aotawarirangi. The ancestral mountain of Tokomaru Bay is Marotiri. The ancestral river is Mangahauini.

History and culture

The seven-kilometre wide bay is small but sheltered, and was a calling place for passenger ships until the early 20th century. Captain Cook spent time here on his 1769 journey of discovery, and later European settlement included a whaling station. A visit by Missionaries Williams, Colenso, Matthews and Stack heralded the coming of Christianity to the district in 1838 and their crusade proved very successful with the local people.

The area around the bay has long been a Maori stronghold. The nearby at Te Mawhai was refortified by Henare Potae in the 1860s during the battles between the Ngati Porou and the warriors that followed the Pai Mārire movement (commonly known as Hauhau). [1] [2]

The town's modern economy is mainly based on agriculture and forestry, with some tourism. The most common occupation in Tokomaru Bay is professionals, followed by managers and labourers. [3]

Tokomaru Bay's population is predominantly Māori, with the area being a stronghold for the Ngāti Porou iwi.

Southern right whales sometimes come into bay to calve or rest. [4]

Marae

Te Whānau a Ruataupare ki Tokomaru, a hapū of Ngāti Porou, has three meeting places in the area: Pakirikiri Marae and Te Hono ki Rarotonga meeting house, Tuatini Marae and Huiwhenua meeting house, and Waiparapara Marae and Te Poho o Te Tikanga meeting house. [5] [6]

In October 2020, the Government committed $5,756,639 from the Provincial Growth Fund to upgrade Pakirikiri, Tuatini, Waiparapara, and 26 other Ngāti Porou marae. The funding was expected to create 205 jobs. [7]

Te Ariuru Marae and Te Poho o Te Aotawarirangi meeting house, located in the northern bay, is a meeting place of another Ngāti Porouhapū hapū, Te Whānau a Te Aotawarirangi. [5] [6]

Parks

Hatea-A-Rangi Memorial Park is Tokomaru Bay's sports ground and local park. [8]

Education

Tolaga Bay Area School is a Year 1–15 co-educational state area school. [9] In 2019, it was a decile 2 school with a roll of 242. [10]

Hatea-A-Rangi is a Year 1–8 co-educational state school. [11] In 2019, it was a decile 3 school with a roll of 24. [12]

Mata School, located inland from Tokomaru Bay, is a Year 1–8 coeducational state primary school. [13] In 2019, it was a decile 1 school with a roll of 5. [14] [15]

Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Tokomaru is a year 1–8 co-educational Kura Kaupapa Māori school. It is a decile 3 school, and has a roll of as of March 2020. [16] [17]

Notable people

Tokomaru Bay was the birthplace of Ngoi Pēwhairangi, famous Maori composer and performance artist, and former All Black, Buff Milner.

Related Research Articles

Ngāti Porou Māori iwi (tribe) in Aotearoa New Zealand

Ngāti Porou is a Māori iwi traditionally located in the East Cape and Gisborne regions of the North Island of New Zealand. Ngāti Porou is affiliated with the 28th Maori Battalion and has the second-largest affiliation of any iwi in New Zealand, with 71,910 registered members in 2006. The traditional rohe or tribal area of Ngāti Porou extends from Pōtikirua and Lottin Point in the north to Te Toka-a-Taiau in the south.

Ruatoria Town in Gisborne Region, New Zealand

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Tolaga Bay Town in Gisborne Region, New Zealand

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Te Araroa

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Hicks Bay

Wharekahika / Hicks Bay, formerly called Hicks Bay, is a bay and coastal area in the Gisborne District of the North Island of New Zealand. It is situated 150 km east of Opotiki and 186 km north of Gisborne city, along State Highway 35 between Potaka and Te Araroa.

Tikitiki Place in Gisborne Region, New Zealand

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Rangitukia is a small settlement 10 kilometres south of East Cape in the northeast of New Zealand's North Island. It is located close to the mouth of the Waiapu River.

Kaiti is a suburb of the New Zealand city of Gisborne. It is located immediately to the east of the city centre, on the opposing bank of the Waimata River.

Patutahi is a small settlement 15 kilometres from Gisborne, in the northeast of New Zealand's North Island. It is located in the valley of the Waipaoa River.

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Whangara Town in Gisborne Region, New Zealand

Whangara is a small community in the northeast of New Zealand's North Island.

Waipiro Bay Place in Gisborne Region, New Zealand

Waipiro Bay is a small coastal settlement in the Gisborne District on the East Coast of the North Island of New Zealand. The name also refers to the bay that the settlement is built on. It was named Waipiro by Chief Paoa, which translates literally to "putrid water", referring to the area's sulphuric properties. It is in the Waiapu ward, along with nearby towns Te Puia Springs, Tokomaru Bay, and Ruatoria. It is located 15 km (9 mi) south of Ruatoria, 77 km (48 mi) north-east of Gisborne, and 41 km (25 mi) south-west of the East Cape Lighthouse, the easternmost point of mainland New Zealand. By road, it is 103 km (64 mi) from Gisborne, and 231 km (144 mi) from Ōpōtiki. Waipiro Bay is governed by the Gisborne District Council, and is in the East Coast electorate.

Muriwai is a settlement and rural community at the southern end of Poverty Bay, in the Gisborne District of New Zealand's North Island. It is located south of Manutake State Highway 2.

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Makarika is a rural community and valley in the Gisborne District of New Zealand's North Island. It is located just south of Ruatoria and Hiruharama, off State Highway 35. The Penu Pā includes a memorial to Private Parekura Makarini McLean, who was killed in combat in Egypt in 1941, during World War II.

Hiruharama is a village and rural community in the Gisborne District of New Zealand's North Island. It is located just south of Ruatoria and north of Makarika, on State Highway 35.

Tuai is a village and rural community located around Lake Whakamarino, in the Wairoa District of the Hawke's Bay Region, on New Zealand's North Island.

References

  1. The New Zealand Wars: A History Of The Maori Campaigns And The Pioneering Period: Volume II: The Hauhau Wars, (1864–72). Early New Zealand Books (NZETC). 1939. pp. 117–122.
  2. Williams, Frederic Wanklyn (1939). Through Ninety Years, 1826–1916: Life and Work Among the Maoris in New Zealand: Notes of the Lives of William and William Leonard Williams, First and Third Bishops of Waiapu. Early New Zealand Books (NZETC). p. 202.
  3. "QuickStats About Tokomaru Bay". Stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  4. Archived December 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  5. 1 2 "Te Kāhui Māngai directory". tkm.govt.nz. Te Puni Kōkiri.
  6. 1 2 "Māori Maps". maorimaps.com. Te Potiki National Trust.
  7. "Marae Announcements" (Excel). growregions.govt.nz. Provincial Growth Fund. 9 October 2020.
  8. "Gisborne Parks and Reserves". gdc.govt.nz. Gisborne District Council.
  9. "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  10. "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  11. "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  12. "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  13. "Official School Website". mata.school.nz.
  14. "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  15. "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  16. "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  17. "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.

Coordinates: 38°08′S178°18′E / 38.133°S 178.300°E / -38.133; 178.300