Tokoname

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Tokoname

常滑市
Yakimonosanpomichi6.JPG
Tokoname ware tiles
Flag of Tokoname, Aichi.svg
Flag
Emblem of Tokoname, Aichi.svg
Emblem
Tokoname in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Tokoname in Aichi Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Tokoname
 
Coordinates: 34°53′11.5″N136°49′56.4″E / 34.886528°N 136.832333°E / 34.886528; 136.832333 Coordinates: 34°53′11.5″N136°49′56.4″E / 34.886528°N 136.832333°E / 34.886528; 136.832333
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Aichi
Government
  MayorTatsuya Itō
Area
  Total55.90 km2 (21.58 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total57,872
  Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Japanese Black Pine
- Flower Camellia sasanqua
Phone number0569-35-5111
Address4-1 Shinkai-chō, Tokoname-shi, Aichi-ken 479-0837
Website Official website
Chubu International Airport JAL & ANA - Chubu International Airport.jpg
Chubu International Airport
Tokoname city hall Tokoname city office.JPG
Tokoname city hall

Tokoname (常滑市, Tokoname-shi) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 57,872 in 24,872 households, [1] and a population density of 1,035 persons per km². The total area of the city is 55.90 square kilometres (21.58 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Tokoname is located on the western coast of the Chita Peninsula in southern Aichi Prefecture, facing Ise Bay.

Neighboring municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [2] the population of Tokoname has been relatively steady over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 51,919    
1970 54,168+4.3%
1980 54,343+0.3%
1990 51,784−4.7%
2000 50,183−3.1%
2010 54,858+9.3%

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Tokoname is 15.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1674 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.6 °C. [3]

History

Tokoname has been associated with ceramics production since at least the Heian period, and Tokoname-yaki works from this period have been found in locations as far away as Aomori Prefecture in the north of Japan and Kagoshima prefecture in the south. By the Kamakura period, over 3000 kilns were active. During the Sengoku period, the area came under the control of the Isshiki clan, and later came under the rule of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. During the Edo period, the area around present-day Tokoname was part of Owari Domain.

In the post Meiji Restoration cadastral reforms of 1889, the town of Tokoname was created with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Tokoname was elevated to city status on April 1, 1954 by the merger of Tokoname town with the towns of Onizaki (鬼崎), Nishiura (西浦) and Ōno (大野), and the village of Miwa (三和村).

Government

Tokoname has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members. The city contributes one member to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aichi District 8 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Chubu Centrair International Airport, built on an artificial island off the coast of Tokoname, opened on February 17, 2005, providing a major boost to local development.

Economy

Tokoname is a regional commercial center, and has been known since the Heian period for its production of ceramics, notably Tokoname-yaki, and ceramics production remains the mainstay of the local economy. One of the main producing companies is INAX.

About 60 climbing kilns formerly operated, most of which were constructed starting in the Meiji era. The chimneys became a landmark of the town, but many were closed and taken down after the Second World War as production methods modernised and burning of ovens was regulated by the authorities to protect the air quality. The Tōei Kiln (陶栄窯) is a climbing kiln (nobori-gama) that was constructed in 887 and used until 1974. It is the largest climbing kiln existing in Japan. It was designated as an Important Tangible Cultural Property by the government in 1982. It has eight firing chambers running a 17° incline and ten chimneys of varying height.

With its long coastline, commercial fishing also plays an important role in the local economy.

Education

Tokoname has nine public elementary schools, four public junior high schools operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Aichi Prefectural Board of Education.

Elementary Schools

Junior High Schools

High School

Transportation

Airport

Railways

Meitetsu logomark 2.svg MeitetsuTokoname Line

Meitetsu logomark 2.svg MeitetsuAirport Line

Buses

Chita Bus (Chita Noriai)

Tokoname City North Bus

Highways

Local attractions

Notable people from Tokoname

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Ōno, Chita District, Aichi human settlement in Japan

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Aichi Prefectural Police Police department of Aichi prefectural government, Japan

The Aichi Prefectural Police is the prefectural police force responsible, under the control of the Aichi Prefectural Public Safety Commission, for policing the Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

References

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Tokoname at Wikimedia Commons