Toktu of Bulgaria

Last updated
Khan of Bulgaria
Predecessor Umor of Bulgaria
Successor Pagan of Bulgaria
House Ugain

Toktu (Bulgarian : Токту) was the ruler of Bulgaria between 766 and 767. [1]

The Byzantine chronicler, Patriarch Nikephoros, records that Toktu was "a Bulgarian, and a brother of Bayan". Although this suggests that Bayan was a man of some importance, nothing more is definitely known about Toktu's basis of support. Toktu is assumed to have been a member of that faction of the Bulgarian nobility which advocated a hostile policy towards the Byzantine Empire. However, before Toktu managed to implement any recorded policy, he was faced with a rebellion and attempted to flee the country. Unlike his predecessor Sabin, Toktu tried to flee northwards, but was caught and killed together with his brother Bayan and their supporters near the Danube.

The 17th century Volga Bulgar compilation Cäğfär Taríxı (a work of disputed authenticity) represents Azan Tokta (i.e., Toktu) as the son of the otherwise unattested Kermek, who was a son of the former Bulgarian monarch Suvar (i.e., Sevar of Bulgaria).

See also

Related Research Articles

Tervel of Bulgaria Khan of Bulgaria

Khan Tervel also called Tarvel, or Terval, or Terbelis in some Byzantine sources, was the khan of Bulgaria during the First Bulgarian Empire at the beginning of the 8th century. In 705 Emperor Justinian II named him caesar, the first foreigner to receive this title. He was raised a pagan like his grandfather Khan Kubrat. but was later possibly baptised by the Byzantine clergy. Tervel played an important role in defeating the Arabs during the siege of Constantinople in 717–718.

Asparuh of Bulgaria Founder and 1st Khan of the First Bulgarian Empire (r. 681–701)

Asparuh was а ruler of Bulgars in the second half of the 7th century and is credited with the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire in 681.

Peter I of Bulgaria Tsar of the First Bulgarian Empire from 927 to 969

Peter I was emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria from 27 May 927 to 969. His seal reads ΙΠSVΟς·GRECIA·VΟΔΟ.

Presian I of Bulgaria Khan of Bulgaria

Presian was the khan of Bulgaria from 836–852. He ruled during an extensive expansion in Macedonia.

Omurtag of Bulgaria Ruler of Bulgaria

Omurtag was a Great Khan (Kanasubigi) of Bulgaria from 814 to 831. He is known as "the Builder".

Boris II of Bulgaria Tsar of the First Bulgarian Empire from 969 to 977

Boris II was emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria from 969 to 977.

Kormesiy or Kormesii was a ruler (khan) of Danubian Bulgaria in the first half of the 8th century. Western chronicles name Kormesiy "the third ruler over the Danube Bulgars", and he is sometimes considered the direct successor of Tervel.

Sevar was a ruler of Bulgaria in the 8th century.

Umor was the ruler of Bulgaria in 766.

Sabin was the ruler of Bulgaria from 765 to 766.

Kormisosh was a ruler of Bulgaria during the 8th century.

Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria Tsar of Bulgaria (r. 1331 to 1371)

Ivan Alexander, also sometimes Anglicized as John Alexander, ruled as Emperor (Tsar) of Bulgaria from 1331 to 1371, during the Second Bulgarian Empire. The date of his birth is unknown. He died on 17 February 1371. The long reign of Ivan Alexander is considered a transitional period in Bulgarian medieval history. Ivan Alexander began his rule by dealing with internal problems and external threats from Bulgaria's neighbours, the Byzantine Empire and Serbia, as well as leading his empire into a period of economic recovery and cultural and religious renaissance.

Michael Asen III, ruled as tsar of Bulgaria from 1323 to 1330. The exact year of his birth is unknown but it was between 1280 and 1292. He was the founder of the last ruling dynasty of the Second Bulgarian Empire, the Shishman dynasty. After he was crowned, however, Michael used the name Asen to emphasize his connection with the Asen dynasty, the first one to rule over the Second Empire.

Telets, a member of the Ugain clan, was the ruler of Bulgaria from 762 to 765. Byzantine sources indicate that Telets replaced the legitimate rulers of Bulgaria. The same sources describe Telets as a brave and energetic man in his prime. Scholars have conjectured that Telets may have belonged to an anti-Slavic faction of the Bulgarian nobility.

Pagan was ruler of Bulgaria between 767–768.

Telerig Khan of Bulgaria

Telerig was the ruler of Bulgaria from 768 to 777.

Byzantine–Bulgarian wars Series of conflicts fought between the Byzantines and Bulgarians from 680 to 1355

The Byzantine–Bulgarian wars were a series of conflicts fought between the Byzantines and Bulgarians which began when the Bulgars first settled in the Balkan peninsula in the 5th century, and intensified with the expansion of the Bulgarian Empire to the southwest after 680 AD. The Byzantines and Bulgarians continued to clash over the next century with variable success, until the Bulgarians, led by Krum, inflicted a series of crushing defeats on the Byzantines. After Krum died in 814, his son Omurtag negotiated a thirty-year peace treaty. Simeon I, who ruled Bulgaria from 893 to 927 had multiple successful campaigns against the Byzantines. His son Peter I negotiated another long-lasting peace treaty. His rule was followed by a period of decline of the Bulgarian state.

Malamir of Bulgaria Khan of Bulgaria

Malamir was the ruler of Bulgaria 831–836.

Sebastokrator, was a senior court title in the late Byzantine Empire. It was also used by other rulers whose states bordered the Empire or were within its sphere of influence. The word is a compound of sebastós and krátōr. The wife of a Sebastokrator was named sebastokratorissa in Greek, sevastokratitsa (севастократица) in Bulgarian and sebastokratorica in Serbian.

Kardam of Bulgaria Khan of the First Bulgarian Empire from 777 to 803

Kardam was the ruler of the First Bulgarian Empire.


  1. R. J. Crampton (2005). A Concise History of Bulgaria. On the page 270, a list of the rulers of Bulgaria is given.
Preceded by Khan of Bulgaria
Succeeded by