Tokugawa Mitsutomo

Last updated
Tokugawa Mitsutomo
Tokugawa Mitsutomo.jpg
Born(1625-08-31)August 31, 1625
DiedNovember 26, 1700(1700-11-26) (aged 75)
Other namesOwari-Dainagon

Tokugawa Mitsutomo (徳川 光友, August 31, 1625 November 26, 1700) was daimyō of Owari Domain during early Edo period Japan.



Tokugawa Mitsutomo was the eldest son of the first daimyō of Owari Domain, Tokugawa Yoshinao by a concubine. He undertook his genpuku ceremony under Shōgun Tokugawa Iemitsu on May 3, 1630, and was given the adult name of the "Mitsuyoshi", which included the same kanji "Mitsu" as the Shōgun. As a further sign of favor, his official wife, Chiyohime later Reisen-in, was also the daughter of shōgun Tokugawa Iemitsu. His childhood name was Gorōta (五郎太).[ citation needed ]

On the death of his father on June 28, 1650, he became the 2rd[ clarification needed ] Tokugawa daimyō of Owari Domain, with lower 3rd court rank and the courtesy title of Captain of the Right Imperial Guards. He completed the clan mortuary temple of Kenchu-ji the following year, and was raised to upper 3rd court rank and Chūnagon on August 12, 1653.

On November 1, 1671, he formally changed his name to "Mitsutomo". On May 4, 1690, he received the courtesy title of Dainagon, and a week later was awarded 2nd Court Rank. On April 25, 1693, he officially retired, turning his offices and position as clan heed to his son, Tokugawa Tsunanari; however, although officially retired, he continued to wield all political power using his son's name, until his son's death on July 1, 1699. During this period, he lived at the Ōzone Oshitayashiki, a palatial palace with extensive gardens some distance from Nagoya Castle. He also had the Aoi Oshitayashiki constructed. [1]

In addition to his official wife (a daughter of Shōgun Tokugawa Iemitsu), Mitsutomo had at least 10 official concubines, by whom he had 17 children (11 male, 6 female).

Noted for his accomplishments in the Japanese tea ceremony and Japanese calligraphy, Mitsutomo was especially noted as a master of the Shinkage-ryū style of Japanese swordsmanship, having been taught by the Owari Yagyū clan. He proved so adept that he was named the 6th sōke by Yagyū Toshikane, and added a number of teaching concepts to the ryū.

His grave is at the Owari Tokugawa clan temple of Kenchū-ji in Nagoya.


Related Research Articles

Tokugawa Iemitsu Shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate (1604–1651)

Tokugawa Iemitsu was the third shōgun of the Tokugawa dynasty. He was the eldest son of Tokugawa Hidetada with Oeyo, and the grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu. Lady Kasuga was his wet nurse, who acted as his political adviser and was at the forefront of shogunate negotiations with the Imperial court. Iemitsu ruled from 1623 to 1651; during this period he crucified Christians, expelled all Europeans from Japan and closed the borders of the country, a foreign politics policy that continued for over 200 years after its institution. It is debatable whether Iemitsu can be considered a kinslayer for making his younger brother Tadanaga commit suicide by seppuku.

Tokugawa Yoshimune

Tokugawa Yoshimune was the eighth shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, ruling from 1716 until his abdication in 1745. He was the son of Tokugawa Mitsusada, the grandson of Tokugawa Yorinobu, and the great-grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Tokugawa Yoshinao

Tokugawa Yoshinao was a Japanese daimyō of the early Edo period.


Oeyo (於江与), (江), Ogō (小督) or Satoko (達子) : 1573 – September 15, 1626) was a prominently-placed female figure in the Azuchi–Momoyama period and early Edo period. She was daughter of Oichi and the sister of Yodo-dono and Ohatsu. When she rose to higher political status during the Tokugawa shogunate, she took the title of "Ōmidaidokoro". Following the fall of the Council of Five Elders, Oeyo and her sisters were key figures in maintaining a diplomatic relationship between the two most powerful clans of their time, Toyotomi and Tokugawa. Due to her great contributions to politics at the beginning of the Edo period she was posthumously inducted into the Junior First Rank of the Imperial Court, the second highest honor that could be conferred by the Emperor of Japan.

Matsudaira clan Japanese samurai clan

The Matsudaira clan was a Japanese samurai clan that descended from the Minamoto clan. It originated in and took its name from Matsudaira village, in Mikawa Province. During the Sengoku period, the chieftain of the main line of the Matsudaira clan, Matsudaira Motoyasu became a powerful regional daimyo under Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi and changed his name to Tokugawa Ieyasu. He subsequently seized power as the first shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate which ruled Japan during the Edo period until the Meiji restoration of 1868. Under the Tokugawa shogunate, many cadet branches of the clan retained the Matsudaira surname, and numerous new branches were formed in the decades after Ieyasu. Some of those branches were also of daimyō status.

Matsudaira Tadanao

Matsudaira Tadanao was a Sengoku to early Edo period Japanese samurai, and the 2nd daimyō of Fukui Domain in Echizen Province.


The TokugawaGosanke, also called simply Gosanke, or even Sanke, were the most noble three branches of the Tokugawa clan of Japan: Owari, Kii, and Mito, all of which were descended from clan founder Tokugawa Ieyasu's three youngest sons, Yoshinao, Yorinobu, and Yorifusa, and were allowed to provide a shōgun in case of need. In the Edo period the term gosanke could also refer to various other combinations of Tokugawa houses, including (1) the shogunal, Owari and Kii houses and (2) the Owari, Kii, and Suruga houses.

Hoshina Masayuki

Hoshina Masayuki was a Japanese daimyō of the early Edo period, who was the founder of what became the Matsudaira house of Aizu. He was an important figure in the politics and philosophy of the early Tokugawa shogunate.

Tokugawa Muneharu was a daimyō in Japan during the Edo period. He was the seventh Tokugawa lord of the Owari Domain, and one of the gosanke.

Owari Tokugawa family

The Owari Tokugawa family is a branch of the Tokugawa clan, and it is the seniormost house of the Gosanke.

Matsudaira Yoshinaga

Matsudaira Yoshinaga, also known as Matsudaira Keiei, or better known as Matsudaira Shungaku (春嶽) was a Japanese daimyō of the Edo period. He was head of the Fukui Domain in Echizen Province. He is counted as one of the "Four Wise Lords of the Bakumatsu period", along with Date Munenari, Yamauchi Yōdō and Shimazu Nariakira. "Yoshinaga" is his imina and "Shungaku" is his .

Matsudaira Tadamasa

Matsudaira Tadamasa was an early to mid-Edo period Japanese samurai, and daimyō.

Maeda Yoshinori was an Edo period Japanese samurai, and the 5th daimyō of Kaga Domain in the Hokuriku region of Japan. He was the 6th hereditary chieftain of the Kanazawa Maeda clan.

Tokugawa Yoshimichi was daimyō of Owari Domain during early-Edo period Japan.

Tokugawa Gorōta was a Japanese daimyō of the Edo period, who ruled the Owari Domain.

Tokugawa Tsugutomo was daimyō of Owari Domain during mid-Edo period Japan.

Tokugawa Munekatsu was a Japanese daimyō of the Edo period, who ruled the Takasu Domain and then the Owari Domain. As lord of Takasu he used the name Matsudaira Yoshiatsu. His childhood name was Daigoro (代五郎).

Tokugawa Tsunanari was daimyō of Owari Domain during early-Edo period Japan.

The Takasu Domain was a Japanese domain located in Mino Province. For most of its history, it was ruled by the Takasu-Matsudaira, a branch of the Tokugawa clan of Owari Domain.

Chiyohime was Tokugawa Iemitsu's daughter with his concubine, Ofuri no Kata, daughter of Oka Shigemasa, also known as Jishō'in. After Ofuri died, Chiyohime was adopted by Iemitsu's concubine, Oman no Kata (1624-1711), later Keishoin. She married Tokugawa Mitsutomo, daimyō of Owari Domain. In 1652, she constructed a mausoleum for her mother named Jishō'in Mausoleum, which is now located in Edo-Tokyo Open Air Architectural Museum. She died in 1699 and was given the name Reisen'in (霊仙院).


Preceded by 2nd (Tokugawa) daimyō of Owari
Succeeded by