Tokugawa Yoshinao

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Tokugawa Yoshinao
Tokugawa Yoshinao.jpg
Tokugawa Yoshinao
1st Lord of Owari
In office
Preceded bynone
Succeeded by Tokugawa Mitsutomo
Personal details
Born(1601-01-02)January 2, 1601
DiedJune 5, 1650(1650-06-05) (aged 49)
Spouse(s)Asano Haru

Tokugawa Yoshinao (徳川 義直, January 2, 1601 – June 5, 1650) was a Japanese daimyō of the early Edo period.



Okame no Kata, Yoshinao's mother Okame no Kata.jpg
Okame no Kata, Yoshinao's mother

Born the ninth son of Tokugawa Ieyasu with his concubine, Okame no Kata. His childhood name was Gorōtamaru (五郎太丸). While still a young child, he was appointed leader of first the fief of Kofu in Kai Province and later the fief of Kiyosu in Owari Province. In 1610, he was appointed leader of the Owari Domain (present-day Nagoya), one of the most important regions in the country, thus founding the Owari-Tokugawa house. A holder of the 2nd court rank, junior grade (ju-ni-i), he had the title of dainagon (major counselor).

During the Kan'ei era (1624-44) he had a kiln constructed at the corner of the Ofuke enceinte (Ofukemaru) of Nagoya Castle and invited potters from Seto to make pottery there. This became known as Ofukei ware.

Yoshinao began learning Shinkage-ryū from Yagyū Hyōgonosuke at age 16, and was named the 4th sōke at age 21.

Gate to the Mausoleum of Tokugawa Yoshinao at Joko-ji, Seto Joukouji5.JPG
Gate to the Mausoleum of Tokugawa Yoshinao at Jōkō-ji, Seto

His remains were cremated and laid to rest at his mausoleum in Jōkō-ji (Seto).


Yoshinao's principal wife was Haruhime, the daughter of Asano Yoshinaga of Kii (whose family was later transferred to Hiroshima), and his concubines included Osai and Ojō no Kata. He had two children: Mitsutomo, who succeeded him as daimyō of Owari, and Shiko or Kyōhime who married Hirohata Tadayuki, a court noble.

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Preceded by
1st (Tokugawa) daimyō of Owari
Succeeded by
Tokugawa Mitsutomo

This article incorporates text from OpenHistory.