Tokushima Prefecture

Last updated
Tokushima Prefecture

徳島県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 徳島県
   Rōmaji Tokushima-ken
Flag of Tokushima Prefecture.svg
Flag
Emblem of Tokushima Prefecture.svg
Symbol
Map of Japan with highlight on 36 Tokushima prefecture.svg
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Tokushima
Subdivisions Districts: 8, Municipalities: 24
Government
   Governor Kamon Iizumi
Area
  Total4,146.80 km2 (1,601.09 sq mi)
Area rank 36th
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total728,633
  Rank 44th
  Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-36
Website pref.tokushima.jp/english/
Symbols
BirdWhite heron
Flower Sudachi (Citrus sudachi)
TreeYamamomo ( Myrica rubra )
Tokushima Prefectural Office Tokushima prefectural office building01n3872.jpg
Tokushima Prefectural Office

Tokushima Prefecture (徳島県, Tokushima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku. [1] Tokushima Prefecture has a population of 728,633 (1 October 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,146 km² (1,601 sq mi). Tokushima Prefecture borders Kagawa Prefecture to the north, Ehime Prefecture to the west, and Kōchi Prefecture to the southwest.

Contents

Tokushima is the capital and largest city of Tokushima Prefecture, with other major cities including Anan, Naruto, and Yoshinogawa. [2] Tokushima Prefecture is located on the Kii Channel, connecting the Pacific Ocean and Seto Inland Sea, across from Wakayama Prefecture on the Kii Peninsula of the island of Honshu. Tokushima Prefecture is connected to Awaji Island across the Naruto Strait by the Ōnaruto Bridge as part of the Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway, connecting the prefecture to the city of Kobe and the San'yō Expressway on Honshu.

History

Until the Meiji Restoration, Tokushima Prefecture was known as Awa Province. [3]

Tokushima Prefecture and Myodo Prefecture

In ancient times, Tokushima City belonged to a region known as Myōdō-gun. In the first wave of government consolidation following the abolishment of the fiefdom system and construction of prefectures in 1871, it became known as Myodo Prefecture. At the time, it included the Awa region to the south and the Awaji Island regions as well. In 1873 it further incorporated the region currently occupied by Kagawa Prefecture in its borders.

In the second wave of government consolidation, on September 5, 1875, the Sanuki Region separated to form the modern day Kagawa Prefecture. On August 21, 1876, Awaji Island separated to join Hyogo Prefecture and the Awa region separated to form Kochi Prefecture.

On March 2, 1880, Myodo Prefecture fully separated from Kochi Prefecture to be inaugurated as Tokushima Prefecture.

Post-war

Geography

Map of Tokushima Prefecture.
City Town Map of Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Tokushima Prefecture.
     City     Town

The Sanuki Mountains run along the northern border of the prefecture.

As of April 1, 2012, 9% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Setonaikai National Park; Muroto-Anan Kaigan and Tsurugisan Quasi-National Parks; and Chūbu Sankei, Dochū-Kōtsu, Hashikura, Higashi Sankei, Okumiyagawa-Uchidani, and Ōasayama Prefectural Natural Parks. [4]

Cities

Eight cities are located in Tokushima Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Economy and Industry

Tokushima depends on agriculture, forestry and fisheries. The percentage of agricultural workers and productivity is the second largest in Shikoku next to Kochi. Rice fields occupy the lower region of the Yoshino River and the small, narrow plains along the shore. Much of the remaining land is used for vegetables and flowers. The prefecture is the nation's largest supplier of cauliflower and lotus roots, and the fourth largest producer of carrots. Japanese indigo is only produced here.

Northern Tokushima's growth was accelerated by the completion of the Akashi Channel Bridge, which completes the road connection from Tokushima to Kobe. Industrial development continues around the Tokushima and Naruto districts. In particular, Itano District's Aizumi Town and Kitajima Town have experienced rapid growth, which has led to a proposed merger of the towns of Itano District into Itano City in the future.

Agriculture

Tokushima abounds in agricultural resources and is the site of large-scale production of many different types of vegetables. The plains north of the Yoshino River are particularly fertile and the produce here is often shipped to mainland Japan in the areas around Kobe, Osaka and Kyoto. Produce from Tokushima always claims top shares in markets in the Kansai region and particularly prominent are Naruto sweet potatoes, the citrus fruit "sudachi", lotus roots and strawberries.

The lack of goods heading to Tokyo has led to a relatively low national profile for local Tokushima brands.[ citation needed ] To combat this, the local Tokushima government now sends the "Fresh! Tokushima" moving display about the country with its mobile kitchen set to increase general awareness of the local food available in Tokushima Prefecture.

Demographics

Culture

Sports

Pocarisweat Stadium in Naruto. Naruto Athletic 1.JPG
Pocarisweat Stadium in Naruto.

Tokushima hosted the official 2007 Asian Basketball Championship.

Further, the sports teams listed below are based in Tokushima.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Transportation

Railway

Road

Expressway

Long Distance Bus (from Tokushima)

Airport

Ferry from Tokushima Port

Prefectural symbols

Tokushima's prefectural symbol is a stylized combination of the hiragana for to and ku, the first two characters in the hiragana spelling of the prefecture's name.

Politics

Prefectural Governor (as elected by public vote)

Prefectural Assembly

PartyTotal
Total41
Liberal Democratic Party / Shinsei Club11
Liberal Democratic Party / Koyu Club9
Meisei Club7
Shinpu Democratic Club6
Kaikaku Isshin Club3
Japanese Communist Party3
New Komeito Group2

See also

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tokushima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 980 , p. 980, at Google Books.
  2. Nussbaum, "Tokushima" at p. 980 , p. 980, at Google Books.
  3. Nussbaum, "Awa no Kuni" at p. 62 , p. 62, at Google Books; "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780 , p. 780, at Google Books
  4. "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment . Retrieved 26 June 2012.

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Shikoku Second smallest of the four main islands of Japan

Shikoku is one of the five main islands of Japan. Shikoku is the second-smallest main island after Okinawa. It is 225 km or 139.8 mi long and between 50 and 150 km or 31.1 and 93.2 mi wide. It has a population of 3.8 million. It is south of Honshu and northeast of Kyushu. Shikoku's ancient names include Iyo-no-futana-shima (伊予之二名島), Iyo-shima (伊予島), and Futana-shima (二名島), and its current name refers to the four former provinces that made up the island: Awa, Tosa, Sanuki, and Iyo.

Naruto, Tokushima City in Shikoku, Japan

Naruto is a city located in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on March 15, 1947. In the quinquennial census of June 1, 2019, the city had a population of 56,222. With a total area of 135.66 km², the population density is 414 persons per km².

Seto Inland Sea Japanese inland sea

The Seto Inland Sea, sometimes shortened to the Inland Sea, is the body of water separating Honshū, Shikoku, and Kyūshū, three of the four main islands of Japan. It serves as a waterway connecting the Pacific Ocean to the Sea of Japan. It connects to Osaka Bay and provides a sea transport link to industrial centers in the Kansai region, including Osaka and Kobe. Before the construction of the San'yō Main Line, it was the main transportation link between Kansai and Kyūshū.

Awaji Island

Awaji Island is an island in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, in the eastern part of the Seto Inland Sea between the islands of Honshū and Shikoku. The island has an area of 592.17 square kilometres. It is the largest island of the Seto Inland Sea.

Awa Province (Tokushima) Former province of Japan

Awa Province was an old province of Japan in the area that is today Tokushima Prefecture on Shikoku. Awa was bordered by Tosa, Sanuki, and Iyo Provinces. It was sometimes called Ashū (阿州).

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The Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Project is a system of bridges connecting the islands of Honshu and Shikoku across the Inland Sea of Japan, which were previously only connected by ferry. It consists of three major connections. All bridges are now controlled by the Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Expressway Company and the Japan Expressway Holding and Debt Repayment Agency (日本高速道路保有・債務返済機構). The system consists of three expressways and their respective bridge systems.

Aizumi, Tokushima Town in Shikoku, Japan

Aizumi is a town located in Itano District, in northeastern Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of June 1, 2019, the town has an estimated population of 35,054 and a density of 2,155 persons per km². The total area is 16.27 km².

Ōnaruto Bridge

The Ōnaruto Bridge is a suspension bridge on the Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway connecting Minamiawaji, Hyogo on Awaji Island with Naruto, Tokushima on Ōge Island, Japan. Completed in 1985, it has a main span of 876 metres (2,874 ft). Although it is one of the largest bridges in the world, it is dwarfed by the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge, which is on the same route. In 2004, 6.8 million cars and trucks crossed this bridge, translating into a daily average of about 18,600.

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Kōtoku Line

The Kōtoku Line is a railway line in northeastern Shikoku, Japan that connects the prefectural capitals Takamatsu (Kagawa) and Tokushima (Tokushima). Shikoku Railway Company owns and operates the line, whose name comes from the characters in the cities that the line connects: Takamatsu () and Tokushima ().

Tokushima Line

The Tokushima Line is a railway line in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan, owned and operated by Shikoku Railway Company. The Tokushima Line connects Sako Station in Tokushima and Tsukuda Station in Miyoshi from west to east in central Tokushima Prefecture. As the line parallels the Yoshino River, it is officially nicknamed the "Yoshino River Blue Line" (よしの川ブルーライン). In addition to linking Tokushima and Kōchi prefectures, the line's eastern half serves the city of Tokushima as a commuter line.

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Mugi Line

The Mugi Line is a railway line in southeastern Tokushima Prefecture, Japan, owned and operated by Shikoku Railway Company. It connects the prefectural capital of Tokushima with the town of Kaiyō in Kaifu District. The line's official nickname is "Awa-Muroto Seaside Line", but this is rarely used by local residents as it does not directly service Muroto, the intended destination of the line.

Chūden Station Railway station in Komatsushima, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan

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Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway

The Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway is a tolled expressway that connects Hyōgo and Tokushima prefectures in Japan by crossings of the Akashi Strait and Naruto Strait. Built between 1970 and 1998, it is one of the three routes of the Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Expressway Company connecting Honshū and Shikoku islands. The route is signed E28 under Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

The Tokushima-Nanbu Expressway is an expressway that runs from Anan in Tokushima Prefecture to Tokushima via Komatsushima. It is connected to the Anan Aki Expressway in Anan and to the Tokushima Expressway in Tokushima. Anan Interchange-Tokushima Okishu Interchange is under new direct control.

References

Coordinates: 34°2′N134°26′E / 34.033°N 134.433°E / 34.033; 134.433