Tokushima Prefecture

Last updated
Tokushima Prefecture
徳島県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 徳島県
   Rōmaji Tokushima-ken
Tokushima prefectural office building02s3200.jpg
The confluence of the Shinmachi River and the Suketō River in Tokushima City, Tokushima Prefecture centered on the prefectural headquarters
Flag of Tokushima Prefecture.svg
Emblem of Tokushima Prefecture.svg
Anthem: Tokushima kenmin no uta
Map of Japan with highlight on 36 Tokushima prefecture.svg
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Tokushima
Subdivisions Districts: 8, Municipalities: 24
Government
   Governor Kamon Iizumi
Area
  Total4,146.80 km2 (1,601.09 sq mi)
  Rank 36th
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total728,633
  Rank 44th
  Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-36
Website pref.tokushima.jp/english/
Symbols
BirdWhite heron
Flower Sudachi (Citrus sudachi)
TreeYamamomo ( Myrica rubra )
MascotSudachi-kun
Tokushima Prefectural Office Tokushima prefectural office building01n3872.jpg
Tokushima Prefectural Office

Tokushima Prefecture (徳島県, Tokushima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku. [1] Tokushima Prefecture has a population of 728,633 (1 October 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,146 km2 (1,601 sq mi). Tokushima Prefecture borders Kagawa Prefecture to the north, Ehime Prefecture to the west, and Kōchi Prefecture to the southwest.

Contents

Tokushima is the capital and largest city of Tokushima Prefecture, with other major cities including Anan, Naruto, and Yoshinogawa. [2] Tokushima Prefecture is located on the Kii Channel, connecting the Pacific Ocean and Seto Inland Sea, across from Wakayama Prefecture on the Kii Peninsula of the island of Honshu. Tokushima Prefecture is connected to Awaji Island across the Naruto Strait by the Ōnaruto Bridge as part of the Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway, connecting the prefecture to the city of Kobe and the San'yō Expressway on Honshu.

History

Until the Meiji Restoration, Tokushima Prefecture was known as Awa Province. [3]

Tokushima Prefecture and Myodo Prefecture

In ancient times, Tokushima City belonged to a region known as Myōdō-gun. In the first wave of government consolidation following the abolishment of the fiefdom system and construction of prefectures in 1871, it became known as Myodo Prefecture. At the time, it included the Awa region to the south and the Awaji Island regions as well. In 1873 it further incorporated the region currently occupied by Kagawa Prefecture in its borders.

In the second wave of government consolidation, on September 5, 1875, the Sanuki Region separated to form the modern day Kagawa Prefecture. On August 21, 1876, Awaji Island separated to join Hyogo Prefecture and the Awa region separated to form Kochi Prefecture.

On March 2, 1880, Myodo Prefecture fully separated from Kochi Prefecture to be inaugurated as Tokushima Prefecture.

Post-war

Geography

Map of Tokushima Prefecture.
City Town Village Map of Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Tokushima Prefecture.
     City     Town     Village

The Sanuki Mountains run along the northern border of the prefecture.

As of April 1, 2012, 9% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Setonaikai National Park; Muroto-Anan Kaigan and Tsurugisan Quasi-National Parks; and Chūbu Sankei, Dochū-Kōtsu, Hashikura, Higashi Sankei, Okumiyagawa-Uchidani, and Ōasayama Prefectural Natural Parks. [4]

Cities

Eight cities are located in Tokushima Prefecture:

NameArea (km2)PopulationMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Anan, Tokushima.svg Anan 阿南市279.2570,405 Anan in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Awa, Tokushima.svg Awa 阿波市191.1135,294 Awa in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Komatsushima, Tokushima.svg Komatsushima 小松島市45.3736,817 Komatsushima in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mima, Tokushima.svg Mima 美馬市367.1428,689 Mima in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Miyoshi, Tokushima.svg Miyoshi 三好市721.4224,368 Miyoshi in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Naruto, Tokushima.svg Naruto 鳴門市135.6656,222 Naruto in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tokushima, Tokushima.svg Tokushima (capital)徳島市191258,554 Tokushima in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yoshinogawa, Tokushima.svg Yoshinogawa 吉野川市144.1439,405 Yoshinogawa in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

NameArea (km2)PopulationDistrictTypeMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Aizumi, Tokushima.svg Aizumi 藍住町16.2735,054 Itano District Town Aizumi in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Higashimiyoshi Tokushima.JPG Higashimiyoshi 東みよし町122.4814,025 Miyoshi District Town Higashimiyoshi in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ishii, Tokushima.svg Ishii 石井町28.8525,062 Myōzai District Town Ishii in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Itano, Tokushima.svg Itano 板野町36.2213,183 Itano District Town Itano in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kaiyo, Tokushima.svg Kaiyō 海陽町327.658,578 Kaifu District Town Kaiyo in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kamiita, Tokushima.svg Kamiita 上板町34.5811,562 Itano District Town Kamiita in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kamikatsu Tokushima.JPG Kamikatsu 上勝町109.631,344 Katsuura District Town Kamikatsu in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kamiyama, Tokushima.svg Kamiyama 神山町173.34,724 Myōzai District Town Kamiyama in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Katsuura Tokushima.JPG Katsuura 勝浦町69.835,131 Katsuura District Town Katsuura in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kitajima, Tokushima.svg Kitajima 北島町8.7422,645 Itano District Town Kitajima in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Matsushige Tokushima.JPG Matsushige 松茂町14.2414,819 Itano District Town Matsushige in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minami Tokushima.JPG Minami 美波町140.86,433 Kaifu District Town Minami in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mugi Tokushima.JPG Mugi 牟岐町56.623,852 Kaifu District Town Mugi in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Naka Tokushima.JPG Naka 那賀町694.987,549 Naka District Town Naka in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of sanagochi Tokushima.JPG Sanagōchi 佐那河内村42.282,106 Myōdō District Village Sanagochi in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tsurugi Tokushima.JPG Tsurugi つるぎ町194.847,877 Mima District Town Tsurugi in Tokushima Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Economy and Industry

Tokushima depends on agriculture, forestry and fisheries. The percentage of agricultural workers and productivity is the second largest in Shikoku next to Kochi. Rice fields occupy the lower region of the Yoshino River and the small, narrow plains along the shore. Much of the remaining land is used for vegetables and flowers. The prefecture is the nation's largest supplier of cauliflower and lotus roots, and the fourth largest producer of carrots. Japanese indigo is only produced here.

Northern Tokushima's growth was accelerated by the completion of the Akashi Channel Bridge, which completes the road connection from Tokushima to Kobe. Industrial development continues around the Tokushima and Naruto districts. In particular, Itano District's Aizumi Town and Kitajima Town have experienced rapid growth, which has led to a proposed merger of the towns of Itano District into Itano City in the future.

[5] In April next year a school of tech entrepreneurship - the first of its kind in Japan - will open in the Tokushima town of Kamiyama. The students, aged from 15 to 20, will be taught engineering, programming and designing, as well as business skills such as marketing. They will also learn how to pitch their business plans to investors in order to raise money.

The man behind it is Chikahiro Terada, the boss of Tokyo-based start-up Sansan, which specialises in the digitalisation of business cards. These still play a huge role in Japan's corporate world.

Agriculture

Tokushima abounds in agricultural resources and is the site of large-scale production of many different types of vegetables. The plains north of the Yoshino River are particularly fertile and the produce here is often shipped to mainland Japan in the areas around Kobe, Osaka and Kyoto. Produce from Tokushima always claims top shares in markets in the Kansai region and particularly prominent are Naruto sweet potatoes, the citrus fruit "sudachi", lotus roots and strawberries.

The lack of goods heading to Tokyo has led to a relatively low national profile for local Tokushima brands.[ citation needed ] To combat this, the local Tokushima government now sends the "Fresh! Tokushima" moving display about the country with its mobile kitchen set to increase general awareness of the local food available in Tokushima Prefecture.

Demographics

Culture

Sports

Pocarisweat Stadium in Naruto. Naruto Athletic 1.JPG
Pocarisweat Stadium in Naruto.

Tokushima hosted the official 2007 Asian Basketball Championship.

Further, the sports teams listed below are based in Tokushima.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Transportation

Railway

Road

Expressway

Long Distance Bus (from Tokushima)

Airport

Ferry from Tokushima Port

Prefectural symbols

Tokushima's prefectural symbol is a stylized combination of the hiragana for to and ku, the first two characters in the hiragana spelling of the prefecture's name.

Politics

Prefectural Governor (as elected by public vote)

Prefectural Assembly

PartyTotal
Total41
Liberal Democratic Party / Shinsei Club11
Liberal Democratic Party / Koyu Club9
Meisei Club7
Shinpu Democratic Club6
Kaikaku Isshin Club3
Japanese Communist Party3
New Komeito Group2

See also

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tokushima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 980 , p. 980, at Google Books.
  2. Nussbaum, "Tokushima" at p. 980 , p. 980, at Google Books.
  3. Nussbaum, "Awa no Kuni" at p. 62 , p. 62, at Google Books; "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780 , p. 780, at Google Books
  4. "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment . Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  5. "Can a sleepy Japanese town become Asia's Silicon Valley?". BBC News. 2022-08-21. Retrieved 2022-08-22.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shikoku</span> Island and region of Japan

Shikoku is the smallest of the four main islands of Japan. It is 225 km or 139.8 mi long and between 50 and 150 km or 31.1 and 93.2 mi wide. It has a population of 3.8 million. It is south of Honshu and northeast of Kyushu. Shikoku's ancient names include Iyo-no-futana-shima (伊予之二名島), Iyo-shima (伊予島), and Futana-shima (二名島), and its current name refers to the four former provinces that made up the island: Awa, Tosa, Sanuki, and Iyo.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Naruto, Tokushima</span> City in Shikoku, Japan

Naruto is a city located in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 June 2022, the city had an estimated population of 54,989 in 26206 households and a population density of 410 persons per km².The total area of the city is 191.11 square kilometres (73.79 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Anan, Tokushima</span> City in Shikoku, Japan

Anan is a city in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 June 2022, the city had an estimated population of 70,285 in 31313 households and a population density of 250 persons per km².The total area of the city is 279.25 square kilometres (107.82 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Awa Province (Tokushima)</span> Former province of Japan

Awa Province was a province of Japan in the area that is today Tokushima Prefecture on the island of Shikoku. Awa was bordered by Tosa, Sanuki, and Iyo Provinces. Its abbreviated form name was Ashū (阿州). In terms of the Gokishichidō system, Awa was one of the provinces of the Nankaidō circuit. Under the Engishiki classification system, Awa was ranked as one of the 35 "superior countries" (上国) in terms of importance, and one of the "middle countries" (中国) in terms of distance from the capital. The provincial capital was located in what is now the city of Tokushima.

Honshū–Shikoku Bridge Project System of bridges

The Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Project is a system of bridges connecting the islands of Honshu and Shikoku across the Inland Sea of Japan, which were previously only connected by ferry. It consists of three major connections. All bridges are now controlled by the Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Expressway Company and the Japan Expressway Holding and Debt Repayment Agency (日本高速道路保有・債務返済機構). The system consists of three expressways and their respective bridge systems.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ishii, Tokushima</span> Town in Shikoku, Japan

Ishii is a town located in Myōzai District, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 June 2022, the town had an estimated population of 25,219 in 10820 households and a population density of 870 persons per km².The total area of the town is 28.85 square kilometres (11.14 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kamiyama, Tokushima</span> Town in Shikoku, Japan

Kamiyama is a town in Myōzai District, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 June 2022, the town had an estimated population of 4,930 in 2404 households and a population density of 28 persons per km².The total area of the town is 173.305 square kilometres (66.913 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kitajima, Tokushima</span> Town in Shikoku, Japan

Kitajima is a town located in Itano District, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 May 2022, the town had an estimated population of 23,528 in 10172 households and a population density of 2700 persons per km².The total area of the town is 8.74 square kilometres (3.37 sq mi). It has the smallest area among local governments in Tokushima prefecture and is also the most densely populated town or village in Shikoku.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aizumi, Tokushima</span> Town in Shikoku, Japan

Aizumi is a town located in Itano District, in northeastern Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 June 2022, the town had an estimated population of 35,512 in 15198 households and a population density of 2200 persons per km².The total area of the town is 16.27 square kilometres (6.28 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Itano, Tokushima</span> Town in Shikoku, Japan

Itano is a town located in Itano District, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 June 2022, the town had an estimated population of 13,105 in 5790 households and a population density of 360 persons per km².The total area of the town is 36.22 square kilometres (13.98 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yoshinogawa, Tokushima</span> City in Shikoku, Japan

Yoshinogawa is a city located in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 June 2022, the city had an estimated population of 39,150 in 17958 households and a population density of 270 persons per km².The total area of the city is 144.14 square kilometres (55.65 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Miyoshi, Tokushima</span> City in Shikoku, Japan

Miyoshi is a city located in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 June 2022, the city had an estimated population of 23,782 in 12103 households and a population density of 33 persons per km².The total area of the city is 721.42 square kilometres (278.54 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Higashimiyoshi</span> Town in Shikoku, Japan

Higashimiyoshi is a town located in Miyoshi District, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 June 2022, the town had an estimated population of 13,733 in 6281 households and a population density of 110 persons per km².The total area of the town is 122.48 square kilometres (47.29 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Naka, Tokushima</span> Town in Shikoku, Japan

Naka is a town located in Naka District, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 March 2022, the town had an estimated population of 7,597 in 3734 households and a population density of 11 persons per km².The total area of the town is 694.98 square kilometres (268.33 sq mi).

Tokushima Line

The Tokushima Line is a railway line in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan, owned and operated by Shikoku Railway Company. The Tokushima Line connects Sako Station in Tokushima and Tsukuda Station in Miyoshi from west to east in central Tokushima Prefecture. As the line parallels the Yoshino River, it is officially nicknamed the "Yoshino River Blue Line" (よしの川ブルーライン). In addition to linking Tokushima and Kōchi prefectures, the line's eastern half serves the city of Tokushima as a commuter line.

Mugi Line

The Mugi Line is a railway line in southeastern Tokushima Prefecture, Japan, owned and operated by Shikoku Railway Company. It connects the prefectural capital of Tokushima with the town of Kaiyō in Kaifu District. The line's official nickname is "Awa-Muroto Seaside Line", but this is rarely used by local residents as it does not directly service Muroto, the intended destination of the line.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway</span> Honshu-Shikoku highway project

The Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway is a tolled expressway that connects Hyōgo and Tokushima prefectures in Japan by crossings of the Akashi Strait and Naruto Strait. Built between 1970 and 1998, it is one of the three routes of the Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Expressway Company connecting Honshū and Shikoku islands. The route is signed E28 under Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

The Tokushima-Nanbu Expressway is an expressway that runs from Anan in Tokushima Prefecture to Tokushima via Komatsushima. It is connected to the Anan Aki Expressway in Anan and to the Tokushima Expressway in Tokushima. Anan Interchange-Tokushima Okishu Interchange is under new direct control.

References

Coordinates: 34°2′N134°26′E / 34.033°N 134.433°E / 34.033; 134.433