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|Formation||7 March 1948|
|Legal status||Municipal Fire Service|
The Tokyo Fire Department (TFD) (Japanese: 東京消防庁, Tokyo Shōbōchō), Founded in 1948, is the fire department of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. The TFD is the largest urban fire department in the world with a total staff of 18,408.
The TFD is responsible for firefighting, fire prevention, fire investigation, hazardous material handling, disaster response, rescue operations, and emergency medical services across all 23 wards of Tokyo and parts of Western Tokyo. It is headed by a fire chief. The TFD is part of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government and is distinguished from the Fire and Disaster Management Agency, which coordinates other municipal fire departments in Japan.
The TFD is headquartered in Ōtemachi, Chiyoda, Tokyo.
Japan's first fire service was founded in 1629 during the Edo period, and was called Hikeshi (Japanese: 火消し, lit. Fire eraser). During the Meiji Period, the Hikeshi was merged into the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department in 1881. During this period, pumps were imported and domestically produced, and modern firefighting strategies were introduced. The fire service would remain part of the police department until police reforms in 1947, when the Tokyo Fire Department was separated from the police as an independent agency. The TFD was officially formed on 7 March 1948.
Overall of stations in Tokyo Metropolis Area
Fire districts and fire stations
Pumpers = 489
Rescue Trucks = 40
Ambulances = 259
Special trucks = 86
Aerial ladder = 86
Fire boats = 10
Command units = 93
Helicopters = 7
Motorcycles = 20
(As of April 1, 2019)
A few times a year, the department has demonstrations and preparedness training. These are small, whereas others might be large-scale events.
The demonstrations are mostly public awareness events for the people who live in the Tokyo area. This also shows the taxpayers where the funding of the department has been spent, and the department's state of preparedness. This is also used as a recruiting tool for future firefighters. Commonly one sees a small demonstration every so often in district centers, schools, and shopping arcades. The firefighters give rides, tours, or maybe let you touch equipment.
The biggest demonstration is Dezomeshiki. It's the New Year Tokyo Fire Department Review; and happens in January every year. They present all the resources and training that the Department currently are using. They perform a fake disaster where the firefighters use their equipment. They also set up a showroom for equipment and a small museum. About 2,800 people participated in Dezomeshiki in 2018.
Every so often a fire district performs a preparedness training. They train with a fake disaster in a real district area. This training is for the firefighters, support staff, and local volunteers. The training means they can become more familiar with an area in the event of a disaster happening.
The preparedness training also uses Mass Casualties Tags. These tags are used in major disasters. These tags give information about the person and sort out many who could be saved with the current status of medical service, a form of triage.
The TFD currently has 12 different types of firefighting and rescue robots. These robots are designed to handle disasters that are too dangerous for personnel during an emergency. Some types of robots can shoot water or foam on to fires. One type can rescue a person and another type are able to move large objects. Currently all robots are controlled by remote operators.
Future firefighting robotics might have simple artificial intelligence to search for life and be able to move on terrain without operator's assistance.
Rank insignias are on a small badge, pinned above the right pocket. Rank is denoted by stripes and Hexagram stars. The design of the insignias came from older Japanese-style military insignias. Some rank badges are different colors such as the fire jacket for a station commander.
|Fire Fighter||Assistant Fire Sergeant||Fire sergeant|
|Fire Lieutenant||Fire Captain||Battalion Chief|
|Assistant Chief||First Assistant Chief||Deputy Chief|
The Tokyo Fire Museum is at Yotsuya 3–10, Shinjuku-ku. It has a large collection of historic firefighting apparatuses. The museum has firefighting history of the 17th and 18th centuries with large, scale-model dioramas showing scenes of destruction from past events. Models shows the uniforms and equipment that was used during that time. Other parts of the museum show old pictures and films. They have scenes to show the birth of modern fire fighting vehicles, equipment, and fire suits. The museum has some of the very first pumps and hoses that were used. Twentieth-century firefighting history is also shown, and the future of firefighting is an exhibit at the museum, such as high-tech robots. A current working fire station is right next to the museum.
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