Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building

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Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building
東京都庁舎
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building 2012.JPG
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building No.1
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building
General information
StatusComplete
TypePrefecture building
Location2-8-1 Nishishinjuku,
Shinjuku, Tokyo 163-8001 Japan
Coordinates 35°41′23″N139°41′32″E / 35.68972°N 139.69222°E / 35.68972; 139.69222 Coordinates: 35°41′23″N139°41′32″E / 35.68972°N 139.69222°E / 35.68972; 139.69222
Construction startedApril 1988
CompletedDecember 1990
Opening1991;30 years ago (1991)
Cost ¥157 billion
Owner Tokyo Metropolitan Government
Height
Roof242.9 meters [797 ft] [1]
Technical details
Floor count48
Floor area195,764 m2 [2,107,190 sq ft]
Design and construction
Architect Kenzo Tange
Structural engineer Kiyoshi Mutō

The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building (東京都庁舎, Tōkyō-to Chōsha), also referred to as Tochō (都庁) for short, houses the headquarters of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, which governs the special wards, cities, towns, and villages that constitutes the whole Tokyo Metropolis.

Contents

Located in Shinjuku, the building was designed by architect Kenzo Tange. It consists of a complex of three structures, each taking up a city block. The tallest of the three is Tokyo Metropolitan Main building No.1, a tower 48 stories tall that splits into two sections at the 33rd floor. The building also has three levels below ground. The design of the building was meant to resemble an integrated circuit, [2] while also evoking the look of a Gothic cathedral.

It is the tallest city hall in the world.

The other two buildings in the complex are the eight-story Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly Building (including one underground floor) and Tokyo Metropolitan Main Building No.2, which has 37 stories including three below ground.

The two panoramic observation decks, one in each tower on floor 45 (202 meters [663 ft] high), are free of charge to the public and contain gift shops and cafes. [3] The observation decks are open between 9:30 – 23:00, but the two observation decks are open on alternate days . [4]

History

The building was designed by Kenzo Tange and finished in December 1990 at the expense of ¥157 billion (about US$ 1 billion) of public money. It replaced the old city hall at Yūrakuchō, which was built in 1957 and also designed by Tange, is now the site of the Tokyo International Forum.

It was the tallest building by roof height in Tokyo, at 242.9 meters [797 ft], [1] until the Midtown Tower was completed in 2007.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building 1". SkyscraperPage . Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  2. Kenzo Tange: Multifaceted Colossus Who Mirrored the Era (in Japanese). Nikkei Architecture – Nikkei BP. 2005. p. 118. ISBN   4-8222-0476-6.
  3. "Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building Observatories". Tokyo Metropolitan Government. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  4. "About Tokyo Government Building – Tokyo Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
Records
Preceded by
Sunshine 60
Tallest building in Japan
243 m (797 ft)
1990–1993
Succeeded by
Yokohama Landmark Tower
Tallest building in Tokyo
243 m (797 ft)
1990–2007
Succeeded by
Midtown Tower