Tokyo Metropolitan University

Last updated
Tokyo Metropolitan University
Tokyo Metropolitan University 2006 10 07 v4.jpg
MottoTo pursue the vision of an ideal human society in a metropolis
Type Public
Established1949 (reformed in 2005)
Academic staff
695 full-time
Undergraduates 6,583
Postgraduates 1,955
Location, ,

35°37′00″N139°22′38″E / 35.616667°N 139.377222°E / 35.616667; 139.377222
Colours Black and blue gray
Dong Jing Du Li Da Xue rogo.svg
Tokyo-to geolocalisation.svg
Red pog.svg
Japan Tokyo Metropolis
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Tokyo Metropolitan University (Japan)
As of May 1, 2008 [1]

Tokyo Metropolitan University (東京都立大学, Tōkyō Toritsu Daigaku), often referred to as TMU, is a public research university in Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan.


In contrast to other non-private universities in Tokyo, the university is established under the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, and not the national government.


The origin of Tokyo Metropolitan University was Prefectural Higher School, under the old system of education, established by Tokyo Prefecture in 1929 as the third public higher school. The School was modelled on Eton College, with three years of pre-university advanced course and four years of university regular course.

The seven-year system had an advantage to guarantee entrance to the Imperial universities at the age of Middle School. Before the end of the Second World War, many academic elite would start their post-primary education in Tokyo First Middle School, proceed to Tokyo First Higher School, and then enrol at the Tokyo Imperial University.

Since the jurisdiction control of Tokyo First Middle School and First Higher School were different, however, Tokyo First Middle School attempted to originally establish the prefectural higher school, whereas the other Middle Schools opposed to the said attempt. Prefectural Higher School was established in 1929 locating in the same site of Tokyo First Middle School, as a result of the opposition.

Information Centre Tokyo Metropolitan University 03.jpg
Information Centre

In 1932, Prefectural Higher School was relocated to 1–1–1 Yakumo, Meguro and became known one if the best higher schools with First Higher School. As the reign of Tokyo Metropolis was enacted in 1943, Prefectural Higher School was renamed to Metropolitan Higher School.

After the reform of the educational system in 1949, Tokyo Metropolitan University was established as a research university consisting of three faculties, namely Faculty of Humanities, Faculty of Science and Faculty of Technology; three years of advanced course was reorganised to Senior High School affiliated to Tokyo Metropolitan University, whereas four years of regular course was restructured into the university proper. Five Prefectural Colleges, namely Tokyo Prefectural College of Technology, Tokyo Prefectural College of Science, Tokyo Prefectural College of Machine Industry, Tokyo Prefectural College of Chemical Industry and Tokyo Prefectural College of Women were also merged with the Tokyo Metropolitan University. In 1957, Faculty of Law and Economics was separated from Faculty of Humanities, and then further divided into separate Faculty of Law and Faculty of Economics in 1966.

As expanding its organisation, the university was relocated to 1–1–1 Minami-Osawa, Hachioji in 1991.

The university signed the student exchange agreement with University of Vienna in 1997.

Tokyo Metropolitan University was reformed in 2005 by integrating three metropolitan universities and one junior college: Tokyo Metropolitan University (東京都立大学, Tōkyō Toritsu Daigaku), Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology (東京都立科学技術大学), Tokyo Metropolitan University of Health Sciences (東京都立保健科学大学), and Tokyo Metropolitan Junior College (東京都立短期大学) with subsequent change in its Japanese name, although its English name for the university has not changed since 1949.


The following history includes the former institution of Tokyo Metropolitan University.

University reform

In later 1990s, Government and local municipalities facilitated to reform the administrative scheme and financial management in line with economic bubble burst and financial difficulties due to Japan's progressive low birthrate and longevity. As a part of the said administrative and financial reform, social interest grew on restructuring national and public universities to independent administrative agencies with consolidating them. Tokyo Metropolitan University was also planned by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government to be consolidated with aforementioned three metropolitan universities and one junior college.

Name plate of the university before renaming Syutodaigaku Tokyo.jpg
Name plate of the university before renaming

As a result of Tokyo gubernatorial election in April 2003, Shintaro Ishihara was re-elected as Governor of Tokyo, holding up a promise "I will establish a revolutionary university", and consequently the original restructure plan was significantly and rapidly changed, in terms of the organisation of faculties, course structure, etc. During this process, a number of faculty members left the university as a sign of protest against the reform.

Faculties (undergraduate)

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

Faculty of Law

Faculty of Economics and Business Administration

Faculty of Science

Faculty of Urban Environmental Sciences

Faculty of Systems Design

Faculty of Health Sciences

Graduate schools

Graduate School of Humanities

Graduate School of Law and Politics

Graduate School of Management

Graduate School of Science

Graduate School of Urban Environmental Sciences

Graduate School of Systems Design

Graduate School of Human Health Sciences



Research Centres

Lecturers of the university has been all highly regarded in their respective fields, and the standard of the research carried out by each of them has been considered as extremely high. In line with this, research groups that produce outstanding results and have the potential to become international research hubs, or those working in unique fields that are aligned with the university's mission, are designated as "research centres" and given support by the university.

International Partner Institutions

The university has concluded agreements with the overseas educational institutions with the aim of promoting international cooperation in education and research as well as student exchange.


Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand

Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia

Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia

Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong

Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea

Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China

Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan

Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey

Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia

North America

Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada

Flag of the United States.svg United States of America


Flag of Finland.svg Finland

Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden

Flag of Norway.svg Norway

Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom

Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands

Flag of Germany.svg Germany

Flag of France.svg France

Flag of Spain.svg Spain

Flag of Italy.svg Italy

Flag of Austria.svg Austria

Flag of Poland.svg Poland

Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary

Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria

Flag of Russia.svg Russia

Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania

Notable alumni

Notable faculty

Academic reputation

University rankings
Global – Overall
QS World [4] 491–500
THE World [5] 401–500
Regional – Overall
QS Asia[ citation needed ]96
THE Asia[ citation needed ]33

Although its small size and young history in contrast to national universities and several leading private universities, the university has been one of the most reputable institutions in Japan. According to the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, it ranks 7th in 2014–2015 among 781 universities in Japan, behind renowned national universities, namely University of Tokyo, Kyoto University, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Osaka University, Tohoku University and Nagoya University. The university received the highest score of 100.0 for "citations.”

In 2012, Prof. Masatake Haruta was selected as a Thomson Reuters Citation Laureate as a possible winner of the Nobel Prize for his "independent foundational discoveries of catalysis by gold." [6]

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  1. "Guide to Tokyo Metropolitan University: 大学案内2010英語版" (PDF). May 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-27.
  2. "Information :: TMU has established its first overseas office in Bangkok". Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  3. Eastman, Lloyd E. (November 1964). "China and the West; 1858–1861. By Masataka Banno. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1964. x, 367, xlv. Notes, Bibliography, Index, Glossary. $7.50". The Journal of Asian Studies . 24 (1): 147–148. doi:10.2307/2050433. JSTOR   2050433. S2CID   163696090. - Cited. p. 148
  4. QS World University Rankings 2018
  5. World University Rankings 2018
  6. "Information :: Professor Masatake Haruta has been presented with a certificate as a 2012 Thomson Reuters Citation Laureate in the annual pre-Nobel "Thomson Reuters Predicts Nobel Laureates" event". Retrieved 2016-03-16.

35°37′00″N139°22′38″E / 35.61667°N 139.37722°E / 35.61667; 139.37722