|Tokyo Proportional Representation Block|
| Parliamentary constituency |
for the Japanese House of Representatives
|Representatives||17 (LDP-9, CDP-5, Ishin-3, Komeito-2, JCP-2, DPFP-1), Reiwa-1)|
The Tōkyō proportional representation block (Hirei [daihyō] Tōkyō burokku (比例[代表]東京ブロック)), or more formally the proportional representation tier "Tokyo Metropolis electoral district" (東京都選挙区, Tōkyō-to senkyo-ku), is one of eleven proportional representation (PR) "blocks", multi-member constituencies for the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It consists solely of the prefecture of Tokyo making it one of two blocks covering only one prefecture, the other being Hokkaido. Following the introduction of proportional voting Tokyo elected 19 representatives by PR in the 1996 general election, and 17 since the election of 2000 when the total number of PR seats was reduced from 200 to 180.
Beyond remote parts of Western Tokyo on the mainland and the Izu and Ogasawara islands, Tokyo's population is concentrated in urban and suburban areas. Reformist and left-of-center parties have usually won a majority of votes and seats. In the landslide "postal privatization" election of 2005 though, the LDP won a record 2.6 million votes in Tokyo; it would have received eight seats but hadn't nominated enough candidates: Of its 30 PR list candidates, 24 concurrently ran in single-member districts as dual candidates; 23 won their district races, leaving only a total of seven list candidates to be elected by PR. One seat went to the SDP as it would have been assigned a hypothetical, 18th seat under the d'Hondt method.
|general election||LDP|| DPJ/|
|Komeito||JCP||SDP|| NFP ('96)/LP ('00)/|
TPJ ('12)/PLP ('14)
| JRP ('12)/JIP ('14)/|
Party names are abbreviated as follows (format: abbreviation, translated name, Japanese name, English name):
Note: Party affiliations as of election day.
|D'Hondt allocation order||1996||2000||2003||2005||2009||2012||2014||2017|
|1||Takashi Fukaya||Tetsundo Iwakuni||Yukihiko Akutsu||Kuniko Inoguchi||Kumiko Hayakawa||Kiyoshi Odawara||Tsukasa Akimoto||Takao Ochi|
|2||Masamitsu Jōjima||Midori Matsushima||Eita Yashiro||Yoshinori Suematsu||Ichiro Kamoshita||Shintarō Ishihara||Akihisa Nakajima||Yoshio Tezuka|
|3||Eiko Ishige||Masamitsu Jōjima||Yukihisa Fujita||Yamatada Tsuchiya||Mitsuaki Takeda||Banri Kaieda||Fumiaki Matsumoto|
|4||Tetsuzo Fuwa||Tetsuzo Fuwa||Kunio Hatoyama||Kōichi Katō||Eiko Ichige||Tsukasa Akimoto||Akira Kasai||Miki Yamada|
|5||Hyosuke Kujiraoka||Shōzō Azuma||Yosuke Tagaki||Kazuo Aichi||Masaaki Taira||Toshiaki Ōkuma||Takayuki Ochiai||Yoshinori Suematsu|
|6||Shōzō Azuma||Akihiro Ōta||Kazuo Inoue||Yōsuke Takagi||Yōsuke Takagi||Yōsuke Takagi||Yōsuke Takagi||Yōsuke Takagi|
|7|| Sadao Yamahana |
died 1999, replaced by
|Kunio Hatoyama||Tatsuya Itō||Jun'ichirō Yasui||Kōki Kobayashi||Hirofumi Imamura||Hayato Suzuki||Akira Kasai|
|8||Ichirō Takahashi||Muneaki Samejima||Muneaki Samejima||Yōko Komiyama||Akira Kasai||Fumiaki Matsumoto||Jin Matsubara||Kiyoshi Odawara|
|9||Mutsumi Sasaki||Kazuo Inoue||Tomio Yamaguchi||Akira Kasai||Kaoru Yosano||Jin Matsubara||Megumi Maekawa||Mito Kakizawa|
|10||Otohiko Endō||Tomio Yamaguchi||Kaoru Yosano||Kenji Wakamiya||Kōichi Yoshida||Akira Kasai||Tōru Miyamoto||Akihiro Hatsushika|
|11||Banri Kaieda||Yoshio Suzuki||Hisashi Shimada||Akihisa Nagashima||Tomotarō Kawashima||Ai Aoki||Akihiro Hatsushika||Fumiaki Matsumoto|
|12||Kiyoshi Ozawa||Nobuto Hosaka||Michiyo Takagi||Taku Ōtsuka||Yuriko Koike||Hiroshi Yamada|| Masaru Wakasa |
resigned 2016, replaced by
|13||Akihiro Ōta||Tatsuya Itō||Hirosato Nakatsugawa||Michiyo Takagi||Mito Kakizawa||Tsuneo Akaeda||Michiyo Takaki||Ikuo Yamahana|
|14||Taketoshi Nakajima||Yōsuke Takagi||Ichirō Kamoshita||Akira Nagatsuma||Hirosato Nakatsugawa||Hidehiro Mitani||Naoto Kan||Shunsuke Ito|
|15||Yukihisa Fujita||Eiko Ishige||Eiko Ishige||Seiichiro Shimizu||Michiyo Takagi||Naoto Kan||Tsuneo Akaeda||Michiyo Takagi|
|16||Nobuto Hosaka||Ichirō Takahashi||Takashi Kosugi||Jin Matsubara||Kōichirō Watanabe||Michiyo Takagi||Saori Ikeuchi||Toru Miyamoto|
|17||Michio Ochi||Hirosato Nakatsugawa||Noboru Usami||Nobuto Hosaka||Isshū Sugawara||Tsuyoshi Tabata||Takatane Kiuchi||Kei Tagaki|
|LDP: 1,764,696 votes (25.5%), 5 seats||DPJ: 2,839,081 votes (41.0%), 8 seats||Kōmeitō: 717,199 votes (10.4%), 2 seats|
|#||Candidate||District|| "Loss ratio"|
|Elected||#||Candidate||District||"Loss ratio"||Elected||#||Candidate||District||"Loss ratio"||Elected|
|1||Ichirō Kamoshita||Tokyo 13||97.3%||Elected||1||Kumiko Hayakawa||Tokyo 17||77.1%||Elected||1||Yōsuke Takagi||PR only||Elected|
|Masaaki Taira||Tokyo 4||93.5%||Elected||Banri Kaieda||Tokyo 1||Won district||2||Michiyo Takagi||Elected|
|Kaoru Yosano||Tokyo 1||91.7%||Elected||Yoshikatsu Nakayama||Tokyo 2||Won district||3||Tomio Yoshida||–|
|Yuriko Koike||Tokyo 10||91.6%||Elected||Jin Matsubara||Tokyo 3||Won district||4||Isoroku Endō||–|
|Isshū Sugawara||Tokyo 9||89.9%||Elected||Norihiko Fujita||Tokyo 4||Won district||JCP: 665,462 votes (9.6%), 1 seat|
|Nobuteru Ishihara||Tokyo 8||Won district||Yoshio Tezuka||Tokyo 5||Won district||#||Candidate||District||"Loss ratio"||Elected|
|Hakubun Shimomura||Tokyo 11||Won district||Yōko Komiyama||Tokyo 6||Won district||1||Akira Kasai||PR only||Elected|
|Katsuei Hirasawa||Tokyo 17||Won district||Akira Nagatsuma||Tokyo 7||Won district||2||Tomoyuki Tanigawa||–|
|Shinji Inoue||Tokyo 25||Won district||Takatane Kiuchi||Tokyo 9||Won district||3||Mariko Ikeda||Tokyo 20||(23.1%)||–|
|Midori Matsushima||Tokyo 14||84.6%||–||Takako Ebata||Tokyo 10||Won district||4||Michinobu Tokutome||Tokyo 11||(31.1%)||–|
|Kōichi Hagiuda||Tokyo 24||81.9%||–||Ai Aoki||Tokyo 12||Won district||SDP: 299,032 votes (4.3%), no seat|
|Yukari Satō||Tokyo 5||81.0%||–||Tairō Hirayama||Tokyo 13||Won district||#||Candidate||District||"Loss ratio"||Elected|
|Ben Kimura||Tokyo 15||76.1%||–||Taketsuka Kimura||Tokyo 14||Won district||1||Nobuto Hosaka||Tokyo 8||(79.1%)||–|
|Tatsuya Itō||Tokyo 22||75.7%||–||Shōzō Azuma||Tokyo 15||Won district||2||Ikkei Ikeda||PR only||–|
|Hirotaka Ishihara||Tokyo 3||74.3%||–||Akihiro Hatsushika||Tokyo 16||Won district||YP: 419,903 votes (6.1%), 1 seat|
|Seiji Kihara||Tokyo 20||70.2%||–||Naoto Kan||Tokyo 18||Won district||#||Candidate||District||"Loss ratio"||Elected|
|Kōsuke Itō||Tokyo 23||64.4%||–||Yoshinori Suematsu||Tokyo 19||Won district||1||Mito Kakizawa||Tokyo 15||(36.9%)||Elected|
|Yōhei Matsumoto||Tokyo 19||62.0%||–||Kōichi Katō||Tokyo 20||Won district||NPN: 100,381 votes (1.4%), no seat|
|Takao Ochi||Tokyo 6||59.0%||–||Akihisa Nagashima||Tokyo 21||Won district||#||Candidate||District||"Loss ratio"||Elected|
|Yūichi Ogawa||Tokyo 21||55.9%||–||Ikuo Yamahana||Tokyo 22||Won district||1||Yoshifu Arita||Tokyo 11||(97.0%)||–|
|Masatada Tsuchiya||Tokyo 18||54.0%||–||Mari Kushibuchi||Tokyo 23||Won district||2||Yūichi Gotō||PR only||–|
|Fumiaki Matsumoto||Tokyo 7||47.4%||–||Yukihiko Akutsu||Tokyo 24||Won district||HRP: 35,667 votes (0.5%), no seat|
|23||Kenji Wakamiya||PR only||–||23||Mitsuaki Takeda||PR only||Elected||#||Candidate||District||"Loss ratio"||Elected|
|24||Jun'ichirō Yasui||–||24||Eiko Ishige||Elected||1||Zuishō Motochikawa||PR only||–|
|25||Kazuo Aichi||–||25||Kōki Kobayashi||Elected||2||Dr. NakaMats||–|
|26||Masaaki Kuniyasu||–||26||Kōichi Yoshida||Elected||3||Juninosuke Kawaguchi||–|
|27||Hideo Ōnishi||–||27||Tomotarō Kawashima||Elected||4||Fumiya Satō||–|
|28||Kazuo Ishida||–||28||Hirosato Nakatsugawa||Elected||5||Tadahiko Saitō||–|
|PNP: 86,046 votes (1.2%), 0 seats||29||Kōichirō Watanabe||Elected||6||Kōji Shirotori||–|
|#||Candidate||District||"Loss ratio"||Elected||30||Shigeko Shinohara||–||7||Jikidō Aeba||–|
|1||Keiichirō Nakamura||PR only||–||–|
|2||Tarō Masago||Tokyo 25||(45.5%)||–|
The House of Representatives is the lower house of the National Diet of Japan. The House of Councillors is the upper house. The composition of the House is established by Article 41 and Article 42 of the Constitution of Japan. The House of Representatives has 465 members, elected for a four-year term. Of these, 176 members are elected from 11 multi-member constituencies by a party-list system of proportional representation, and 289 are elected from single-member constituencies.
The Japanese political process has three types of elections.
Akihiro Ota is a Japanese politician of the Komeito Party, currently serving his seventh term in the House of Representatives in the National Diet. Ota has represented three districts within the Tokyo metropolis since first entering the national Diet in 1993. He served as president of the Komeito Party from 2006 until the general election in September 2009, at which time he lost his seat in the Diet. Upon his return to the House in December 2012, Ota was appointed as the Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, a post he held until October 2015.
Tokyo 18th District is a constituency of the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It is located in Western Tokyo and consists of the cities of Musashino, Koganei and Fuchū. Until 2002, it included Mitaka instead of Fuchū. As of 2016, 436,338 eligible voters were registered in the district.
Prefectural elections for the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly were held on 12 July 2009. In the runup to the Japanese general election due by October they were seen as an important test for Taro Aso's ruling coalition of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and the New Komeito. New Komeito considers Tokyo as an important stronghold and had repeatedly asked Prime Minister Aso to avoid holding the two elections within a month of each other.
The Hokkaidō proportional representation block or in official usage the "Hokkaidō electoral district" is one of eleven proportional representation (PR) blocks for the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It consists of Hokkaidō and is one of two PR blocks that covers only one prefecture, the other being Tokyo. Following the introduction of proportional voting, it elected nine representatives in the election of 1996. Since 2000, the Hokkaidō PR block has been represented by eight representatives.
The Tōhoku proportional representation block is one of eleven proportional representation (PR) blocks for the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It consists of the Tōhoku region, namely the prefectures of Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata and Fukushima. Upon the introduction of proportional voting at the 1996 general election, the block elected 16 Representatives to the House. The block's representation was reduced to 14 Representatives at the 2000 general election, and to 13 in the 2017 election.
The Shikoku proportional representation block is one of eleven proportional representation (PR) "blocks", multi-member constituencies for the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It consists of Shikoku region covering Tokushima, Kagawa, Ehime and Kōchi Prefectures. Following the introduction of proportional voting it elected seven representatives in the 1996 general election. When the total number of PR seats was reduced from 200 to 180, the Shikoku PR block shrunk to six seats.
This article presents detailed results of the 2009 Japanese general election. It lists all elected Representatives in the 300 single-member districts and the 11 regional proportional representation (PR) blocks. The top PR block replacement candidates to be elected later without vote in cases of death, resignation or disqualification (kuriage-tōsen) are also listed, by-elections are not.
The Southern Kantō proportional representation block is one of eleven proportional representation (PR) "blocks", multi-member constituencies for the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It consists of Southern parts of the Kantō region covering Chiba, Kanagawa and Yamanashi prefectures. Following the introduction of proportional voting it initially elected 23 representatives in the 1996 general election, then 21 after the total number of PR seats had been reduced from 200 to 180, and 22 representatives since the reapportionment of 2002.
This article presents detailed results of the 2012 Japanese general election. It lists all elected Representatives in the 300 single-member districts and the 11 regional proportional representation (PR) blocks. Subsequent by-elections and the PR block replacement candidates to be elected later without additional vote in cases of death, resignation or disqualification (kuriage-tōsen) are not listed.
Hokkaidō 2nd district is a single-member electoral district for the House of Representatives, the lower house of the National Diet of Japan. It is located in Sapporo, the prefectural capital of Hokkaido and consists of the Higashi ("East") ward and most of the Kita ("North") ward.
House of Councillors elections were held in Japan on Sunday 10 July 2016 to elect 121 of the 242 members of the House of Councillors, the upper house of the National Diet, for a term of six years. As a result of the election, the Liberal Democratic Party–Komeito coalition gained ten seats for a total of 145, the largest coalition achieved since the size of the house was set at 242 seats.
The Tottori-Shimane at-large district is a constituency of the House of Councillors in the Diet of Japan. It was formed pursuant to a 2015 revision of the Public Officers Election Law from a merger of the Tottori and Shimane at-large districts, the two smallest districts in the country, to address the imbalance in representation between rural and urban voters. The district has 1,068,348 registered voters and was contested for the first time at the House of Councillors election that was held on 10 July 2016.
The Shikoku proportional representation block was one of 11 multi-member districts that were contested at the general election for the House of Representatives in the Japanese National Diet on 14 December 2014. Six seats were available for election via open party lists. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) maintained their dominance in the predominantly rural area, claiming three of the seats.
This articles presents detailed results of the Japanese 2017 general election of members of the House of Representatives. It lists all elected Representatives in the 289 single-member districts and the 11 regional proportional representation (PR) blocks. Subsequent by-elections and the PR block replacement candidates to be elected later without additional vote in cases of death, resignation or disqualification (kuriage-tōsen) are not listed.
Niigata 1st district is a constituency of the House of Representatives in the National Diet of Japan, represented by Chinami Nishimura of the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan since 2017. It is located in Niigata City, the capital of Niigata Prefecture, and covers central parts of former Niigata City. It has the smallest district area among the House districts in Niigata Prefecture. As of 2017, 439,968 eligible voters were registered in the district
The Japanese National Proportional Representation Block, known in Japan as the House of Councillors proportional district is an electoral district for the House of Councillors, the upper house of the National Diet of Japan. It consists of the whole nation and elects 50 members per election, 100 in total, by D'Hondt method proportional representation (PR).
House of Councillors elections were held in Japan on 21 July 2019 to elect 124 of the 245 members of the House of Councillors, the upper house of the then 710-member bicameral National Diet, for a term of six years.
Prefectural elections for the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly were held on 4 July 2021. The 127 members were elected in forty-two electoral districts, seven returning single members elected by first-past-the-post, and thirty-five returning multiple members under single non-transferable vote. Two districts had their magnitude adjusted in this election to match population changes.