Toledo and South Haven Railroad

Last updated

The Toledo and South Haven Railroad was a 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge railroad that connected the Michigan communities of Lawrence, Hartford and South Haven. It filed for incorporation April 1, 1876 [1] and was bought by Fred M. Steele and renamed the South Haven and Eastern in 1894. The railroad had considerable financial and legal difficulties from the start.

Contents

Acquisition of Paw Paw Railroad

In 1878 the Paw Paw Railroad leased its track to the T&SH in hopes of recovering from a $3000 debt and a 60% drop in stock value. [1] The company had graded a route between Paw Paw and Lawton with financial help from the Michigan Central in 1867. [2]

With 9 miles (14 km) of track between Lawrence and Paw Paw, the T&SH looked to expand. A section of track between Lawrence and Hartford was completed in 1883. In 1884 the two companies signed an agreement that funds obtained through the sale of stocks and bonds would be used to complete 10 miles (16 km) of rail east of Lawton or west of Hartford. [1] Two years later an incomplete extension from Hartford to South Haven was purchased.

Chas. F. Young filed suit in 1887 in order to stop the sale of the PPR on the grounds that the sale of an incomplete railroad was illegal. Young initially won, but during the proceedings of the 1889 appeal, the T&SH defense made it known that they had bought the PPR with an assurance from Young that his company was actively building a link between Paw Paw and Lawton. Furthermore, all PPR assets had been leased, excluding the actual grade.

Financial Trouble and Sale

Even after completing a link to Lawton, the T&SH was unable to stay fiscally solvent. The cost of litigation may have played a role, as well as the unanticipated expense of building the Paw Paw to Lawton track. In 1893 the company was ordered to pay $306,397 in foreclosure to Farmers Loan and Trust Company. [3] The company was bought a year later by Chicago businessman Fred Steele, who renamed it the South Haven and Eastern. By 1898 the SH&E track had been converted to 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge . This company would later play a large role in the forming of the Kalamazoo, Lake Shore and Chicago Railway. [4]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 Lewis, Lawrence; Hamilton, Adelbert; Merrill, John Houston; McKinney, William Mark; Kerr, James Manford; Thomson, John Crawford (1890). The American and English Railroad Cases: A Collection of All the Railroad Cases in the Courts of Last Resort in America and England. Edward Thompson Company.
  2. RRHX – Railroad History Time Line – 1860 Archived 2011-07-23 at the Wayback Machine
  3. NOTES OF VARIOUS INTERESTS. - Article Preview - The New York Times
  4. The fruit belt line: Southwest Michigan's failed railroad

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Van Buren County, Michigan</span> County in Michigan, United States

Van Buren County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 75,587. The county seat is Paw Paw. The county was founded in 1829 and organized in 1837.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paw Paw River</span> River in Michigan, United States

The Paw Paw River is located in the U.S. state of Michigan in the southwest portion of the lower peninsula. It is formed by the confluence of the north and south branches at 42°15′17″N85°55′36″W in Waverly Township in the northeast of Van Buren County. It flows approximately 61.8 miles (99.5 km) through Van Buren County and Berrien County until joining the St. Joseph River just above its mouth on Lake Michigan at Benton Harbor.

The Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway, established in 1833, and sometimes referred to as the Lake Shore, was a major part of the New York Central Railroad's Water Level Route from Buffalo, New York, to Chicago, Illinois, primarily along the south shore of Lake Erie and across northern Indiana. The line's trackage remains a major rail transportation corridor used by Amtrak passenger trains and several freight lines; in 1998, its ownership was split at Cleveland, Ohio, between CSX Transportation to the east and Norfolk Southern Railway in the west.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cincinnati, Lebanon and Northern Railway</span> Ohio railroad (1885–1926)

The Cincinnati, Lebanon and Northern Railway (CL&N) was a local passenger and freight-carrying railroad in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Ohio, connecting Cincinnati to Dayton via Lebanon. It was built in the late 19th century to give the town of Lebanon and Warren County better transportation facilities. The railroad was locally known as the "Highland Route", since it followed the ridge between the Little and Great Miami rivers, and was the only line not affected by floods such as the Great Dayton Flood of 1913.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New York and New England Railroad</span> Defunct railroad in southern New England

The New York and New England Railroad (NY&NE) was a railroad connecting southern New York State with Hartford, Connecticut; Providence, Rhode Island; and Boston, Massachusetts. It operated under that name from 1873 to 1893. Prior to 1873 it was known as the Boston, Hartford and Erie Railroad, which had been formed from several smaller railroads that dated back to 1846. After a bankruptcy in 1893, the NY&NE was reorganized and briefly operated as the New England Railroad before being leased to the competing New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad in 1898.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Housatonic Railroad</span> Railroad operating in New England, U.S.

The Housatonic Railroad is a Class III railroad operating in southwestern New England and eastern New York. It was chartered in 1983 to operate a short section of ex-New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad in northwestern Connecticut, and has since expanded north and south, as well as west into New York State.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad</span> Railroad in the United States (1917–1956)

The Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad, commonly called the Pan Handle Route, was a railroad that was part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system. Its common name came from its main line, which began at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, crossed the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia, and continued west to Bradford, Ohio, where it split into a northern line to Chicago and a southern one through Indianapolis, Indiana, to East St. Louis, Illinois.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kalamazoo, Lake Shore and Chicago Railway</span>

The Kalamazoo, Lake Shore and Chicago Railway operated on track laid between Kalamazoo and South Haven, Michigan. Much of the track has been removed and is now known as the "Van Buren Trail".

The Pennsylvania, Ohio and Detroit Railroad was a railroad company in the U.S. states of Ohio and Michigan that existed from 1926 to 1956. Its sole purpose was to simplify the corporate structure of the Pennsylvania Railroad by merging subsidiaries into a common company leased to the PRR; the PO&D was merged into the Connecting Railway in 1956.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of railroads in Michigan</span>

Railroads have been vital in the history of the population and trade of rough and finished goods in the state of Michigan. While some coastal settlements had previously existed, the population, commercial, and industrial growth of the state further bloomed with the establishment of the railroad.

The Paw Paw Railroad is a defunct railroad which operated in Van Buren County, Michigan, between 1857 and 1887. At a length of 4 miles (6.4 km), it was the shortest operating common carrier railroad in the state. Later, the Ludington & Northern Railway Company, at 2.79 miles (4.49 km), stripped the Paw Paw of its title as "shortest Michigan Railroad".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mansfield, Coldwater and Lake Michigan Railroad</span>

The Mansfield, Coldwater and Lake Michigan Railroad (MCW&LM) is a defunct railroad which operated in southern Michigan and Ohio during the 1870s. By the time it went into foreclosure in the late 1870s it owned two non-contiguous track segments, each of which was leased by a different company.

The Michigan and Ohio Railroad is a defunct railroad which operated in southern Michigan in the mid-1880s. Originally intended to forge a new line from Lake Erie to Lake Michigan, it came close to its goal, completing a line between Allegan and Dundee before financial embarrassment landed it in receivership.

The Cincinnati Northern Railroad was a railroad that stretched from Franklin, Ohio, north to Jackson, Michigan, a distance of about 186 miles (299 km). It was acquired by the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway in 1901 and the New York Central Railroad several years later. Most of the line has since been abandoned.

The West Michigan Railroad is a shortline railroad in southwest Michigan. It began operations in 1995, replacing the bankrupt Kalamazoo, Lake Shore and Chicago Railroad on an ex-Pere Marquette Railway line between Hartford and Paw Paw, Michigan. That company had taken over operations in 1987 from CSX Transportation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vandalia Railroad (1905–1917)</span>

The Vandalia Railroad Company was incorporated January 1, 1905, by a merger of several lines in Indiana and Illinois that formed a 471-mile railroad consisting of lines mostly west of Indianapolis.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ohio Southern Railroad (1881–1898)</span>

The Ohio Southern Railroad operated between Ironton, Ohio, and Lima, Ohio, from 1893 and 1905. Beginning in 1878 as the narrow gauge Springfield, Jackson and Pomeroy Railroad, it ran from Jackson-Wellston, Jackson County to Springfield, Ohio. The line was converted to a standard gauge by 1880 and renamed the Ohio Southern Railroad in 1881. From Jeffersonville, branch lines were started towards Columbus to the northeast and Cincinnati to the southwest, but never completed. By September 1893, the Ohio Southern had reached north to Lima with a bridge over the Great Miami River at Quincy. At Lima, the freight could link to the Lima Northern Railway for points further north. In 1898, the Lima Northern became the Detroit and Lima Northern Railroad (D&LN). Ohio Southern depots continue to stand in St. Johns, Uniopolis, Jackson Center, Quincy, and Rosewood.