Tolkien (film)

Last updated

Tolkien
Tolkien film promotional poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Dome Karukoski
Written by
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyLasse Frank
Edited byHarri Ylönen
Music by Thomas Newman
Production
company
Distributed by Fox Searchlight Pictures [1]
Release dates
  • 3 May 2019 (2019-05-03)(United Kingdom)
  • 10 May 2019 (2019-05-10)(United States)
Running time
112 minutes
Countries
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$20 million [2]
Box office$9 million [3]

Tolkien is a 2019 biographical drama film directed by Dome Karukoski and written by David Gleeson and Stephen Beresford. It is about the early life of English professor J. R. R. Tolkien, author of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings , as well as notable academic works. The film stars Nicholas Hoult, Lily Collins, Colm Meaney, and Derek Jacobi.

Contents

Tolkien was released in the United Kingdom on 3 May 2019, and in the United States on 10 May 2019, by Fox Searchlight Pictures, and was the first feature film released after the acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney. The film received mixed reviews from critics and grossed $9 million worldwide on a $20 million budget.

Plot

As young children being raised by a widowed mother, J. R. R. Tolkien and his brother Hilary receive help from a local priest, Father Francis, who must relocate them from their home to small apartments in Birmingham due to financial hardships. Their mother is supportive and loving, filling their minds with stories of adventure and mystery which she recites by the fireplace at night. She becomes ill, however, and one day upon returning home from school, Tolkien finds her slumped in her chair, dead. Father Francis becomes the boys' legal guardian, and eventually finds a kindly rich woman who agrees to take them in, providing them with room and board while they continue their childhood education. There, Tolkien meets Edith Bratt, the woman's only other ward. Tolkien is taken with Edith, whose piano playing he admires, and the two become friends.

At school, Tolkien immediately shows talent with languages, earning rough treatment from a rival classmate, Robert Gilson. When the two boys get into a fight, the headmaster—Robert's father—orders that they spend all of their time together for the remainder of the term. While both initially resent the assignment, Tolkien is soon accepted into Robert's small circle of friends, and the four—Tolkien, Gilson, Christopher Wiseman, and Geoffrey Smith—form a close friendship, the TCBS or "Tea Club and Barrovian Society", which grows with the years, even as they attend separate universities. Meanwhile, Tolkien continues his friendship with Edith, falling in love with her. Father Francis finds out about their relationship and recognizes that it is affecting Tolkien's grades, and so forbids him from pursuing her while under his guardianship. Tolkien is distraught, not wanting to lose the priest's financial support of his schooling. He relates the conversation to Edith, promising they will be able to be together when he reaches 21, the age of majority, but she instead ends the relationship. One night, Tolkien wakes his whole school, the University of Oxford, in the middle of the night when, drunk, he walks out onto the lawn, yelling in one of the many languages he invented. Several professors yell at him from the windows until Tolkien collapses into Smith's arms, sobbing, and tells Smith that Edith wrote to him, telling him that she is engaged.

Tolkien struggles at Oxford, but attracts the attention of Professor Joseph Wright, a prominent philologist. Tolkien realises that language is his true passion, and enrolls in Wright's class. When the First World War breaks out, he and his friends all enlist in the armed forces. Before Tolkien leaves, he finds Edith in the crowd, and Edith realizes that she still loves Tolkien. She decides to break her engagement with the other man, and the two declare their love for each other, sharing a kiss before Tolkien leaves. At the Battle of the Somme, Tolkien, suffering from trench fever, goes to look for Smith, convinced that he is calling him, but is unable to find him and collapses unconscious. He wakes in a hospital weeks later with Edith by his side, to find that Smith and Gilson have been killed; Wiseman survived but was traumatised.

Years later, Tolkien and Edith are married with four children, and Tolkien is now a professor at Oxford himself. The film ends with him inspired to write the famous opening line of The Hobbit ..."In a hole in the ground, there lived a hobbit."

Cast

Production

(Left to right) Director Dome Karukoski and the stars playing the four TCBS friends: Anthony Boyle (Smith), Nicholas Hoult (Tolkien), Tom Glynn-Carney (Wiseman), and Patrick Gibson (Gilson) at the 2019 WonderCon Tolkien cast by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
(Left to right) Director Dome Karukoski and the stars playing the four TCBS friends: Anthony Boyle (Smith), Nicholas Hoult (Tolkien), Tom Glynn-Carney (Wiseman), and Patrick Gibson (Gilson) at the 2019 WonderCon

On 21 November 2013, Fox Searchlight Pictures and Chernin Entertainment announced they were developing a biographical film about the English philologist and author of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings , J. R. R. Tolkien, based on a screenplay by David Gleeson. [4] The film was to touch on many themes in Tolkien's early life, including his friendships, love of languages, religion, and romance with Edith Bratt. [5] Another biopic, Tolkien and Lewis – about Tolkien and his friend C. S. Lewis – had been reported to be in production the previous year, but did not proceed. [6] James Strong was announced to be directing the project, then titled Middle Earth, [7] but later dropped out for unknown reasons. On 24 July 2017, Dome Karukoski was hired to direct the film with the screenplay from Gleeson and Stephen Beresford, which Chernin produced for Fox Searchlight to distribute. [8]

Karukoski related that he had grown up fatherless and in poverty, and that because of this, he felt, as a child, a strong connection to Tolkien, who had similar experiences. [9] Karukoski also mentioned that he had wanted to create a biopic about Tolkien since he was 12, which was when he first read Tolkien's works, [9] and that it had been a dream of his to create film adaptations of The Lord of the Rings . [10] He described the effect of Tolkien's works on him as "life-changing", saying that when he was bullied as a child, "it was like the characters became friends of mine." [9] Of the author, he said: "[w]hat struck me the most is that he lived an amazing life... this beautiful, emotional story about love and friendship. So many things about what I had read about [in] the books, occurred or were instrumental in his own life. [The Tolkien film was] a film that had to be made." [5]

In July 2017, Nicholas Hoult was recruited as the frontrunner for the title role. [11] On 30 August 2017, Lily Collins was cast to co-star with Hoult, as Edith Bratt, love and later wife of Tolkien; Bratt was also the inspiration for Lúthien in The Silmarillion . [12] Colm Meaney, Tom Glynn-Carney, and Genevieve O'Reilly joined the cast in October 2017, [13] [14] and Craig Roberts was added the following month. [15] Principal photography commenced in October 2017 in the United Kingdom, [16] and concluded on 14 December 2017. [17]

Locations for the film included Thornton Hough village green and Ellesmere Port docks. [18]

On 23 April 2019, the Tolkien Estate issued a statement making it clear that the family and estate did not endorse the film or its content. [19] [20] The film was released on 3 May 2019, in the United Kingdom [21] and on 10 May 2019 in the United States. [22]

Reception

Box office

Tolkien has grossed $4.5 million in the United States, [23] and $4.4 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $9 million. [3] In the United States and Canada, the film was released alongside Pokémon Detective Pikachu , Poms and The Hustle , and was projected to gross $2–4 million from 1,425 theaters in its opening weekend. [24] It ended up debuting to $2.2 million and finishing in ninth. [25]

Critical response

On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 51%, based on 198 reviews, and an average rating of 5.8/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Tolkien has the period trappings and strong performances of a worthy biopic, but lacks the imagination required to truly do its subject justice." [26] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 48 out of 100, based on 37 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". [27] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A−" on an A+ to F scale, while those at PostTrak gave it a 76% positive score. [25]

Giving the film two out of five stars, Wendy Ide for The Observer commented "[a] decades-long trudge through Middle-earth would seem like a carefree skip through the park compared to this slog of a literary biopic." [28] David Sims, writing for The Atlantic , criticized the biopic as lacking imagination and subtlety, stating, "The result doesn't rise above the insight of a Wikipedia page." [29] Sheila O'Malley, reviewing the film for Roger Ebert.com, comments that having Tolkien literally "see[ing] dragons and what would eventually become the Eye of Sauron and the Nazgûl, unfurling across the hellscape of No-man's-Land ... is a very reductive approach to literature". Worse, in O'Malley's view, is that by explicitly showing the Somme as "'inspiration'" (her quotation marks) for Middle-earth, the film "diminish[es] both the battle and the books". [30]

On the other hand, Graeme Tuckett of Stuff gave the film four out of five stars and called it "A subtle, delicate biopic of The Lord of the Rings author." [31] Writing for The Plain Dealer , Chuck Yarborough graded it A, calling it "a wonderful piece of art" and "a magical film worthy of the wizardry of Gandalf himself." [32] Yarborough later rated it the 2nd best film of the year, after Rocketman . [33]

The film was criticized for giving no indication that Tolkien's faith was a central theme in his life. [34] [35] [36] Karukoski explained the decision as motivated by the difficulty of portraying something as "internal" as religion in Tolkien's life. [34] Karukoski related that he had attempted to create scenes that depicted Tolkien's more religious side, but those scenes failed to engage initial audiences and were cut from the film. [34] [37] Nevertheless, Karukoski explained that although there are no overt references to religion in the film, religion is still implied: "We have scenes where he attends communion and helps Father Francis to show that he was a man of faith. There are also layered scenes, where he looks up to the heavens for an answer as if asking God for help. There's another scene where a figure is on a cross. Many people won't notice those hints because they're so eternal." [9] Other reviews stated that Tolkien's Christian faith is embedded in the film as it is in his Middle-earth writings. [38]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">J. R. R. Tolkien</span> English writer and philologist (1892–1973)

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was an English writer and philologist. He was the author of the high fantasy works The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Christopher Tolkien</span> British book editor, son of J. R. R. Tolkien

Christopher John Reuel Tolkien was an English and naturalised French academic editor. The son of author and academic J. R. R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien edited much of his father's posthumously published work, including The Silmarillion and the 12-volume series The History of Middle-Earth. Tolkien also drew the original maps for his father's The Lord of the Rings.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Smaug</span> Wily dragon in J. R. R. Tolkiens The Hobbit

Smaug is a dragon and the main antagonist in J. R. R. Tolkien's 1937 novel The Hobbit, his treasure and the mountain he lives in being the goal of the quest. Powerful and fearsome, he invaded the Dwarf kingdom of Erebor 171 years prior to the events described in the novel. A group of thirteen dwarves mounted a quest to take the kingdom back, aided by the wizard Gandalf and the hobbit Bilbo Baggins. In The Hobbit, Thorin describes Smaug as "a most specially greedy, strong and wicked worm".

Éowyn is a fictional character in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings. She is a noblewoman of Rohan who describes herself as a shieldmaiden.

<i>The Lord of the Rings</i> (1978 film) 1978 animated fantasy film by Ralph Bakshi

The Lord of the Rings is a 1978 British-American animated fantasy film directed by Ralph Bakshi from a screenplay by Chris Conkling and Peter S. Beagle. It is based on the novel of the same name by J. R. R. Tolkien, adapting from the volumes The Fellowship of the Ring and The Two Towers. Set in Middle-earth, the film follows a group of fantasy races—Hobbits, Men, an Elf, a Dwarf and a wizard—who form a fellowship to destroy a magical ring made by the Dark Lord Sauron, the main antagonist.

The Lord of the Rings is a trilogy of epic fantasy adventure films directed by Peter Jackson, based on the novel The Lord of the Rings by British author J. R. R. Tolkien. The films are subtitled The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), The Two Towers (2002), and The Return of the King (2003). Produced and distributed by New Line Cinema with the co-production of WingNut Films, the films feature an ensemble cast including Elijah Wood, Ian McKellen, Liv Tyler, Viggo Mortensen, Sean Astin, Cate Blanchett, John Rhys-Davies, Christopher Lee, Billy Boyd, Dominic Monaghan, Orlando Bloom, Hugo Weaving, Andy Serkis, and Sean Bean.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tolkien Estate</span> Legal body managing estate of J.R.R Tolkien

The Tolkien Estate is the legal body which manages the property of the English writer J. R. R. Tolkien, including the copyright for most of his works. The individual copyrights have for the most part been assigned by the estate to subsidiary entities such as the J. R. R. Tolkien Discretionary Settlement and the Tolkien charitable trust. The various holdings of the Tolkien family, including the estate, have been organized under The Tolkien Company, the directors of which were Christopher Tolkien until August 2017 and his wife Baillie Tolkien, and J. R. R. Tolkien's grandson Michael George Tolkien. The executors of the estate proper were Christopher Tolkien, who was sole literary executor, and Cathleen Blackburn of Maier Blackburn, who has been the estate's solicitor for many years.

Middle-earth Enterprises, formerly known as Tolkien Enterprises, is a subdivision of the Embracer Freemode division of Embracer Group and formerly a trade name for a division of The Saul Zaentz Company. The subdivision owns the worldwide exclusive rights to certain elements of J. R. R. Tolkien's two most famous literary works: The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. These elements include the names of characters contained within as well as the names of places, objects and events within them, and certain short phrases and sayings from the works.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tolkien family</span> English family of German origin

The Tolkien family is an English family of German descent whose best-known member is J. R. R. Tolkien, Oxford academic and author of the fantasy books The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dome Karukoski</span> Finnish film director

Thomas August George Dome Karukoski is a Finnish film director. He has won over 30 festival awards and having directed six feature films that became blockbusters in his home country and also received international recognition.

J. R. R. Tolkien's fantasy books on Middle-earth, especially The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion, drew on a wide array of influences including language, Christianity, mythology, archaeology, ancient and modern literature, and personal experience. He was inspired primarily by his profession, philology; his work centred on the study of Old English literature, especially Beowulf, and he acknowledged its importance to his writings.

David Gleeson is an Irish film director and writer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lily Collins</span> British and American actress (born 1989)

Lily Jane Collins is a British and American actress. Born in Guildford and raised in Los Angeles, she began performing on screen at the age of two in the BBC sitcom Growing Pains. In the late 2000s, she began acting and modelling more regularly, and gained recognition for her supporting role in the sports drama film The Blind Side (2009). She went on to star in several films, including the horror film Priest (2011), the thriller Abduction (2011), and the fantasy films Mirror Mirror (2012) and The Mortal Instruments: City of Bones (2013).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Middle-earth</span> Continent in Tolkiens legendarium

Middle-earth is the setting of much of the English writer J. R. R. Tolkien's fantasy. The term is equivalent to the Miðgarðr of Norse mythology and Middangeard in Old English works, including Beowulf. Middle-earth is the human-inhabited world, that is, the central continent of the Earth, in Tolkien's imagined mythological past. Tolkien's most widely read works, The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, are set entirely in Middle-earth. "Middle-earth" has also become a short-hand term for Tolkien's legendarium, his large body of fantasy writings, and for the entirety of his fictional world.

<i>The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien</i> Non-fiction book

The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien is a selection of the philologist and fantasy author J. R. R. Tolkien's letters. It was published in 1981, edited by Tolkien's biographer Humphrey Carpenter, who was assisted by Christopher Tolkien. The selection, from a large mass of materials, contains 354 letters. These were written between October 1914, when Tolkien was an undergraduate at Oxford, and 29 August 1973, four days before his death. The letters are of interest both for what they show of Tolkien's life and for his interpretations of his Middle-earth writings.

Stephen Beresford is an English actor and writer. He is best known for writing the play The Last of the Haussmans, produced by the National Theatre in 2012, and the 2014 historical comedy Pride, which won the Queer Palm award at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival.

David Ready is an American film producer and production executive, and the current EVP at Chernin Entertainment.

<i>The Lord of the Rings: The Rings of Power</i> American streaming television series

The Lord of the Rings: The Rings of Power is an American fantasy television series developed by J. D. Payne and Patrick McKay for the streaming service Amazon Prime Video. Based on J. R. R. Tolkien's history of Middle-earth, primarily material from the appendices of the novel The Lord of the Rings, the series is set thousands of years before the novel and depicts the major events of Middle-earth's Second Age. It is produced by Amazon Studios in association with New Line Cinema.

<i>The Hobbit</i> (1967 film) 1967 American animated adaptation of J.R.R. Tolkien novel

The Hobbit is a 1967 fantasy animated short film by Gene Deitch and the first attempt to adapt J.R.R. Tolkien's 1937 novel The Hobbit into a film. At less than twelve minutes, it is also one of the shortest films based on Tolkien's work. It has no connection to the 1977 Rankin/Bass animated film or Peter Jackson's film trilogy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">The Great War and Middle-earth</span> Effect of the First World War on Tolkiens fantasy writings

J. R. R. Tolkien took part in the First World War, known then as the Great War, and began his fantasy Middle-earth writings at that time. The Fall of Gondolin was the first prose work that he created, and it contains detailed descriptions of battle and streetfighting. He continued the dark tone in much of his legendarium, as seen in The Silmarillion. The Lord of the Rings, too, has been described as a war book.

References

  1. "Tolkien (2019)". Box Office Mojo . Archived from the original on 14 July 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  2. Rissanen, Juho (2 May 2019). "IL-Arvio: Dome Karukosken Hollywood-läpimurto Tolkien on pätevää viihdettä, mutta se kirkkain kipinä jää sittenkin puuttumaan". Iltalehti (in Finnish). Archived from the original on 15 February 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  3. 1 2 "Tolkien (2019)". The Numbers. Nash Information Services. Archived from the original on 15 June 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  4. Kroll, Justin (21 November 2013). "Fox Searchlight and Chernin Developing J.R.R. Tolkien Biopic". Variety . Archived from the original on 20 May 2019. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  5. 1 2 Estrella, Ernie (30 March 2019). "Tolkien biopic promises to explore the author's love of friends, Edith Bratt, and language". SYFY.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  6. Shamsian, Jacob (16 July 2014). "J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis' friendship will be the subject of a new film". Entertainment Weekly . Archived from the original on 13 May 2019. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  7. Fleming, Mike Jr. (7 November 2016). "James Strong Set To Direct J.R.R. Tolkien Biopic 'Middle Earth'; Bob Shaye, Michael Lynne Producing". Deadline Hollywood . Archived from the original on 10 January 2023. Retrieved 10 January 2023.
  8. Fleming, Mike Jr. (24 July 2017). "Dome Karukoski To Helm J.R.R. Tolkien Biopic". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Klett, Leah MarieAnn (10 May 2019). "'Tolkien' director on honoring life, legacy of famed 'Lord of the Rings' author (interview)". The Christian Post . Archived from the original on 13 May 2019. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  10. Knight, Rosie (29 March 2019). "J.R.R. Tolkien Biopic: We've Seen Exclusive Footage". IGN . Archived from the original on 30 March 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  11. Fleming, Mike Jr. (25 July 2017). "Nicholas Hoult Frontrunner To Play Young J.R.R. Tolkien". Deadline Hollywood . Archived from the original on 5 December 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  12. Kroll, Justin (30 August 2017). "Lily Collins to Co-Star Opposite Nicholas Hoult in Biopic 'Tolkien'". Variety . Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  13. Busch, Anita (12 October 2017). "Colm Meaney Cast In Fox Searchlight's 'Tolkien'". Deadline Hollywood . Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Archived from the original on 17 May 2021. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  14. Clarke, Stewart (25 October 2017). "Tom Glynn-Carney Signs on for 'Tolkien' Biopic". Variety . Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Archived from the original on 8 August 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  15. Barraclough, Leo (15 November 2017). "'Red Oaks' Star Craig Roberts Joins Fox Searchlight's J.R.R. Tolkien Biopic". Variety . Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Archived from the original on 26 February 2021. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  16. "Tolkien (2019) | IMDb". IMDb . Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  17. "The Tolkien Movie, Starring Hoult and Collins, Wraps Filming". ComingSoon.net . 14 December 2017. Archived from the original on 29 December 2020. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  18. "Thornton Hough village green used as a location for filming of Tolkien biopic". Chester Standard . Chester. 27 October 2017. Archived from the original on 18 August 2022. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
  19. Sharf, Zack (23 April 2019). "J.R.R. Tolkien's Family Disavows Fox Searchlight Biopic, Says 'It Does Not Approve' of Film". IndieWire . Archived from the original on 23 April 2019. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  20. Ritman, Alex (23 April 2019). "J.R.R. Tolkien's Family Does "Not Endorse" Upcoming Fox Searchlight Biopic". The Hollywood Reporter . Los Angeles, California: Valence Media. Archived from the original on 24 April 2019. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  21. "Tolkien is set for release in UK cinemas on May 3rd 2019". Filmoria.co.uk. 13 March 2019. Archived from the original on 1 July 2019. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  22. Welk, Brian (17 January 2019). "J.R.R. Tolkien Biopic With Nicholas Hoult Gets Summer 2019 Release Date". TheWrap . Archived from the original on 18 January 2019. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  23. "Tolkien (2019)". Box Office Mojo . IMDb. Archived from the original on 14 July 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  24. Anthony D'Alessandro; Nancy Tartaglione (8 May 2019). "'Pokémon Detective Pikachu' To Uncover $160M+ Around The World; 'Avengers: Endgame' Far From Over". Deadline Hollywood . Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  25. 1 2 D'Alessandro, Anthony (12 May 2019). "'Pokemon Detective Pikachu' Grabs $58M In 'Endgame' Dominated Universe; Marvel Pic 3rd Highest Domestic With $724M+ – Sunday Update". Deadline Hollywood . Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  26. "Tolkien (2019)". Rotten Tomatoes . Fandango. Archived from the original on 29 April 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  27. "Tolkien Reviews". Metacritic . CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 6 May 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  28. Ide, Wendy (5 May 2019). "Tolkien review – lumpen life story". The Observer. Archived from the original on 5 May 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  29. Sims, David (9 May 2019). "The Tolkien Biopic Is Just Lord of the Rings References". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on 4 June 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  30. O'Malley, Sheila (10 May 2019). "Reviews: Tolkien". RogerEbert.com . Archived from the original on 2 November 2021. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  31. "Tolkien: A subtle, delicate biopic of The Lord of the Rings author". Stuff. 5 June 2019. Archived from the original on 9 October 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  32. Yarborough, Chuck (6 May 2019). "'Tolkien' gives viewers a roadmap to the mysticism and magic of writer's Middle-earth sagas". cleveland. Archived from the original on 9 October 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  33. Yarborough, Chuck (23 December 2019). "'Rocketman,' 'Tolkien,' '1917' among year's best: Chuck Yarborough PD critics' picks 2019". cleveland. Archived from the original on 24 December 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  34. 1 2 3 Batura, Paul (12 May 2019). "Paul Batura: Disney ignores Tolkien's Christian faith in new drama". Fox News . Archived from the original on 13 May 2019. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  35. Womack, Philip (4 May 2019). "Why is Tolkien's work so successful, and why did the new film leave out his Christianity?" . The Independent . Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  36. Loconte, Joseph (9 May 2019). "Tolkien Film Fails to Capture the Majesty of His Achievement". National Review . Archived from the original on 4 June 2019. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  37. Sean Sposato (13 May 2019). "New report claims Disney ignored Tolkien's Christian faith in biographical movie". Inside the Magic. Archived from the original on 13 May 2019. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  38. Damick, Andrew Stephen (16 May 2019). "'Tolkien' Film: How Christian Reviewers are Getting it Wrong". Ancient Faith Ministries. Retrieved 19 May 2019.