Tolleshunt D'Arcy

Last updated

Tolleshunt D'Arcy
Tolleshunt D'Arcy maypole, from east.jpg
Tolleshunt D'Arcy maypole
Essex UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tolleshunt D'Arcy
Location within Essex
Population1,042 
OS grid reference TL930117
Civil parish
  • Tolleshunt D'Arcy [1]
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MALDON
Postcode district CM9
Dialling code 01621
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°46′18″N00°47′42″E / 51.77167°N 0.79500°E / 51.77167; 0.79500

Tolleshunt D'Arcy ( /ˌtlzhʌntˈdɑːrsi/ [2] ) is a village situated on the Blackwater estuary in the Maldon District of Essex, England. The village is 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Colchester, 19 miles (31 km) east of Chelmsford and 30 miles (48 km) north of Southend-on-Sea. [3]

Contents

History

The name Tolleshunt originates from the Anglo-Saxon Tolleshunta which means Toll's spring. Toll was an Anglo-Saxon chief who settled in large areas of forest, establishing clearings where water was readily available. [4]

William the Conqueror gave the manor to Ralph Peverell for services rendered during the Conquest. The latter part of the village name altered as female heirs changed the name to that of their husbands. It became known as Tolleshunt Tregoz, Tolleshunt Valoines and Tolleshunt de Boys. John D'Arcy married a daughter of the De Boys family. By this match the estate came to the D'Arcy family in the 15th century. It remained in the family until the death of Thomas D'Arcy in 1593. [4]

During that period, D'Arcy Hall, an early 16th-century building, was built as the family home and still remains. The interior is made from wood panelling bearing Anthony D'Arcy's initials and the date 1540. The bridge on the moat dates from the Elizabethan period as does the dovecote in the grounds. The russet D'Arcy Spice apple originated from the gardens in 1840. [4] In the centre of the village is a Maypole which is a listed monument, and is one of the only genuine Maypoles remaining in the country. The base is now protected by a wooden cage. [4]

D'Arcy House is a well-proportioned Queen Anne-style dwelling, and was the home of Dr. John Salter from 1864 to 1932. [4] Born in 1841, the eldest son of a country gentleman, he had a long and varied career. Salter was a prize-winning horticulturist, vice-president of the English Kennel Club, and became Provincial Grand Master of the Freemasons. He is best remembered for his diary which he kept from 1849 until 1932. [4]

South Street, D'Arcy House is at the far end South Street, Tolleshunt D'Arcy.jpg
South Street, D'Arcy House is at the far end

From 1935 until 1966 the house became the home of the author Margery Allingham, creator of the fictional detective Albert Campion. [5] Her memoir The Oaken Heart (1941) was based on life in the village of Tolleshunt D'Arcy during the Second World War. [5] Her husband, Lt-Col. Philip Youngman-Carter, was a skilled illustrator who followed a spell as Features Editor for the Daily Express with ten years as editor of the Tatler . [4] Her sister, Emily Joyce Allingham, was an amateur filmmaker who documented aspects of life in the village, such as its celebration of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. [6]

Tolleshunt D'Arcy House now has a blue plaque commemorating Margery Allingham. The plaque was unveiled on the 88th anniversary of her birth by her sister Joyce on 20 May 1992. Allingham is buried in the newer village cemetery, about half a mile south of St Nicholas's Church graveyard on the other side of the road. [5]

In August 1985, Tolleshunt D'Arcy made national headlines for an incident which became known as the White House Farm murders, when a couple, their adoptive daughter and her two children were shot and died from their injuries. In October 1986, Jeremy Bamber, a local farmer, was convicted of murdering the members of his family. [7] [8]

Amenities

Tolleshunt D'Arcy still retains its village shop, an important feature of village life; as are the church, the village hall and the remaining public house, the Queen's Head, which is on the Campaign for Real Ale's National Inventory of Historic Pub Interiors. [9] The Red Lion public house became an Italian, then an Indian restaurant. [10] The Thatchers pub in South Street was demolished for a new housing development in 2011.

From 1904 to 1951 the village was served by the Kelvedon and Tollesbury Light Railway, with a small station to the north of the village. [11] The whole line closed for passengers on 5 May 1951 with goods traffic continuing between Tollesbury Pier and Tiptree until 29 October 1951. The section between Tiptree and Kelvedon continued in use for goods traffic until 28 September 1962. [11]

Governance

The village has a parish council, and lies within the area of Maldon District Council. [3]

An electoral ward in the same name exists. The population of this ward at the 2011 Census was 4,065. [12]

St. Nicholas' Church

St. Nicholas's Church St Nicholas church, Tolleshunt D'Arcy.jpg
St. Nicholas's Church

The parish church of St Nicholas is in the perpendicular style with a west tower, and a nave ceiling which was decorated in 1897 by Ernest Geldart. Villagers have contributed to a stained glass window to celebrate the millennium. The window represents the village, the nearby River Blackwater, and the surrounding industries of agriculture and horticulture. The village's unique apple variety is also depicted. A local artist, Michael Smee, designed the millennium window. [4]

Schools

Tolleshunt D'Arcy has one primary school in the village on Tollesbury Road called St. Nicholas C of E School. [13] This school serves the villages of Tolleshunt D’Arcy, Tolleshunt Major, Tolleshunt Knights, Goldhanger and Little Totham. The school is situated in the centre of Tolleshunt D'Arcy village and has acres of open grassland, a playground and a wild-life area. It is surrounded by farmland and has views over the Blackwater Estuary. [13]

St. Nicholas Primary School provides a broad and balanced education for pupils between the ages of 4 and 11 years. It was founded according to the principles and practices of the Church of England. [13] The school is a single-storey building built in 1983, which has 7 classrooms which include a large reception class room with its very own playground. There has been a school in Tolleshunt D’Arcy since before 1900. [13] The school has a large hall used for assemblies, physical education (PE), teaching, meals and plays. It also has a library, ICT suite and wildlife quad with a pond. [13] The school's latest Ofsted inspection dated November 2011 achieved an overall grade of 3 which is satisfactory. [14] [ needs update ]

There is also a pre-school in the village, Tolleshunt D'Arcy Pre-School which is in the village hall on Tollesbury Road. [15] In its latest Ofsted inspection in May 2011 it was graded an overall grade of 2 which is Good. [16]

Points of interest

Old Hall Marshes

Saltings on eastern edge of Old Hall Marshes Old Hall Saltings - geograph.org.uk - 218830.jpg
Saltings on eastern edge of Old Hall Marshes
Red Hills, Salt Marshes, Tolleshunt D'Arcy Salt Marsh Channel by Thistly Creek. - geograph.org.uk - 195687.jpg
Red Hills, Salt Marshes, Tolleshunt D'Arcy

Old Hall Marshes is a nature reserve owned by the RSPB situated east of Tolleshunt D'Arcy. [17] [18] The reserve was bought by the RSPB in 1984 as a refuge for overwintering brent geese. [19] The reserve occupies 459 hectares (1,130 acres) [19] of grazing marshes with brackish water, saltmarsh, reedbeds and two off-shore islands. [17] It was bought by the RSPB for £780,000 helped by donations to the Eric Morecambe Memorial Appeal. [20]

Thousands of anthills of the yellow meadow ant can be found in the ancient grasslands of Old Hall Marshes as well as around twenty-four species of butterfly. Dragonflies are also popular in this area which include the scarce emerald damselfly and good numbers of ruddy darters. [17]

In spring, a variety of birds can be seen, including gadwalls, shovelers and pochards, which can be seen in the open water and in the ditches; lapwings, avocets, oystercatchers and redshanks nest in the marshes; marsh harriers and barn owls can also be found. Migrant waders and whimbrels can also be found in the grassland. [17]

In the summer months juvenile marsh harriers can be found in the reedbeds, along with greenshanks, spotted redshanks and ruffs which can be found in the muddy margins. Cuckoos are also a popular bird seen in the summer months. [17]

In autumn Teals and Wigeons are most popular seen in the shallow open waters, as well as flocks of Golden plovers and Lapwings. In the winter months hen harriers, merlins, brent geese can be found in the grazing area with short-eared owls are found hunting in the grazing marshes. Sea ducks including red-breasted mergansers, grebes, divers and goldeneyes can be found in the estuarine channels. Snow buntings and twite can be seen on the seawall. [17]

Tolleshunt D'Arcy Hall

Tolleshunt D'Arcy Hall is a moated house situated south of St Nicholas' Church. The house was originally the home of the D'Arcy family. The building was started by the D'Arcy family who intermarried with the De Boys family in the 15th century. The house was built in 1450. It is possible that the original bridge over the moat was a drawbridge, however the present bridge of brick and stone dates from about 1585. The entrance to D'Arcy Hall contains a row of apple spice trees now known as the D'Arcy Spice Apple. These apples was first found in the garden of the hall at Tolleshunt D'Arcy in 1880; the apple is a late russet variety which is picked in November. [21]

Red Hills

The area has over three hundred remains of prehistoric and Roman salt making sites, called Red Hills, which are found along the Essex coast. This site is now situated in eroding salt-marsh outside the modern sea-wall, and inspection on the ground shows that layers of broken briquetage survives above layers of charcoal which are the remains of ancient fires. [21]

Transport

The village once had its own railway station on the former Kelvedon and Tollesbury Light Railway line. Today, however, the closest stations are Witham or Hatfield Peverel on the Great Eastern Main Line between London Liverpool Street and Norwich. [22]

Healthcare

The nearest NHS hospitals are Broomfield Hospital in Chelmsford [23] and Colchester Hospital near Stanway Colchester. [24] Following the closure of the village surgery in March 2015, the nearest doctors' surgery is in Tollesbury. [25]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Witham</span> Human settlement in England

Witham is a town in the county of Essex in the East of England, with a population of 25,353. It is part of the District of Braintree and is twinned with the town of Waldbröl, Germany. Witham stands between the city of Chelmsford and the City of Colchester, on the Roman road between the two. The River Brain runs through the town and joins the River Blackwater just outside.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tollesbury</span> A village in Essex, England

Tollesbury is a village in England, located on the Essex coast at the mouth of the River Blackwater. It is situated nine miles east of the historic port of Maldon and twelve miles south of Colchester.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Margery Allingham</span> English writer of detective fiction, editor

Margery Louise Allingham was an English novelist from the "Golden Age of Detective Fiction", and considered one of its four "Queens of Crime", alongside Agatha Christie, Dorothy L. Sayers and Ngaio Marsh.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maldon</span> Town in Essex, England

Maldon is a town and civil parish on the Blackwater estuary in Essex, England. It is the seat of the Maldon District and starting point of the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation. It is known for Maldon Sea Salt which is produced in the area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maldon District</span> Non-metropolitan district in England

Maldon District is a local government district in Essex, England. The council is based in the town of Maldon, after which the district is named. The district also includes the town of Burnham-on-Crouch and numerous villages, including Heybridge, Wickham Bishops, Southminster, Tolleshunt D'Arcy and Tollesbury. The district covers the Dengie peninsula in the south, as well as the Thurstable Hundred area to the north of the Blackwater Estuary, a total area of 358.78 km2.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tiptree</span> Village in Essex, England

Tiptree is a village and civil parish in the English county of Essex, situated 10 miles (16 km) south-west of Colchester and around 50 miles (80 km) north-east of London. Surrounding villages include Messing, Tolleshunt Knights, Tolleshunt Major, Layer Marney, Inworth, Birch, Great Braxted, Great Totham and Little Totham.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tolleshunt Knights</span> Village in Essex, England

Tolleshunt Knights is a village and civil parish in the English county of Essex.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Blackwater Estuary</span> Estuary in Essex, England

The Blackwater Estuary is the estuary of the River Blackwater between Maldon and West Mersea in Essex. It is a 5,538 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). An area of 4,395 hectares is also designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance, and a Special Protection Area 1,099 hectares is a National Nature Reserve. Tollesbury Wick and part of Abbotts Hall Farm, both nature reserve managed by the Essex Wildlife Trust, are in the SSSI.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Witham (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom since 2010

Witham is a parliamentary constituency in Essex represented by Dame Priti Patel in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation. She is a Conservative who was Home Secretary from 24 July 2019 until her resignation on 5 September 2022 following the announcement of the results of the Conservative Party leadership contest.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kelvedon</span> Human settlement in England

Kelvedon is a village and civil parish in the Braintree District of Essex in England, between Chelmsford and Colchester. It had a population of 4,717 in 2001, reducing to 3,587 at the 2011 Census. It is now home to several businesses including Knight Group and Lysanda. Brockwell Meadows Local Nature Reserve is south-east of the village between a housing estate and the River Blackwater.

The Kelvedon and Tollesbury Light Railway was a locally promoted railway company, intended to open up an agricultural district that suffered from poor transport links. The enactment of the Light Railways Act 1896 encouraged the promoters to persuade the dominant main line railway, the Great Eastern Railway (GER), to participate in the construction and operation of the line.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tolleshunt Major</span> Village in Essex, England

Tolleshunt Major is a small village approximately five miles north east of Maldon, in the Maldon District of Essex, England. It forms part of the electoral ward of Tolleshunt D'Arcy and is situated on the northern bank of the River Blackwater.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tolleshunt d'Arcy railway station</span> Railway station serving the village of Tolleshunt DArcy

Tolleshunt D'Arcy railway station was on the Kelvedon and Tollesbury Light Railway, serving the village of Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Essex. The station was 6 miles 52 chains (10.70 km) from Kelvedon Low Level railway station.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Great Totham</span> Village in Essex, England

Great Totham is a village and civil parish in Maldon district, Essex, England, and midway between Chelmsford and Colchester. The village includes the Island of Osea in the Blackwater estuary and is separated into two parts, north and south. The north side and the south side are about a mile and a half apart, distributed along the B1022. The parish contains the hamlet of Totham Hill.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Goldhanger</span> Human settlement in England

Goldhanger is a village and a civil parish on the B1026 road in the Maldon District, in the English county of Essex.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Layer Breton</span> Human settlement in England

Layer Breton is a village and a civil parish in the City of Colchester district of Essex, England. According to the 2011 census there were 144 males and 143 females. Layer Breton is part of the Layer parishes with Layer de la Haye being the neighbouring village to the west and Layer Marney neighbouring Layer Breton to the East. Layer Breton also touches parishes Birch and Great and little Wigborough. The village has a church dedicated to St Mary the Virgin, rebuilt in brick in 1923 on a new site nearly a mile to the north of the old one. The village was among those which suffered damage from the 1884 Colchester earthquake.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jeremy Bamber</span> British convicted murderer

Jeremy Nevill Bamber is a British convicted mass murderer. He was convicted of the 1985 White House Farm murders in Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Essex, in which the victims included Bamber's adoptive parents, Nevill and June Bamber; his adoptive sister, Sheila Caffell; and his sister's six-year-old twin sons, Daniel and Nicholas Caffell. Returning a majority guilty verdict, the jury found that, after committing the murders to secure a large inheritance, Bamber had placed the rifle in the hands of his 28-year-old sister, who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia, to make the scene appear to be a murder–suicide.

References

  1. Tolleshunt D'Arcy Parish Council Essex Info
  2. Max (15 October 2020). "The Murders at White House Farm: The Podcast | Ep. 4: The Police | HBO Max". YouTube. Archived from the original on 1 July 2023. Retrieved 1 July 2023.
  3. 1 2 "Area: Tolleshunt D'Arcy (Parish), 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ISBN   978-1-85306-685-6, The Essex Village Book, The Essex Village Book, accessed 10 May 2012
  5. 1 2 3 [http://www.margeryallingham.org.uk/darcy.htm/ Margery Allingham Archived 21 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine , The Margeryr Allingham Society, accessed 1 July 2012
  6. "Joyce Allingham - Groups and Centres". www.uea.ac.uk. Retrieved 24 May 2023.
  7. R v Bamber, R V Bamber, accessed 15 May 2012
  8. Keel, Paul (29 October 2010). "From the archive, 29 October 1986: Essex family murders trial". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 February 2023.
  9. Brandwood, Geoff (2013). Britain's best real heritage pubs. St. Albans: CAMRA. p. 40. ISBN   9781852493042.
  10. Lauren Hockney (2010). "New Indian restaurant to open in Tolleshunt D'Arcy" . Retrieved 8 December 2014.
  11. 1 2 Keith Lovell (1999). "The Crab and Winkle Line". Tollesbury.org. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
  12. "Ward population 2011" . Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 Tolleshunt D'arcy Primary School, Tolleshunt D'arcy Primary School, accessed 12 May 2012
  14. Ofsted Report, Current Ofsted Report, accessed 12 May 2012
  15. Tolleshunt D'arcy Pre-School Archived 16 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine , Tolleshunt D'arcy Pre-School, accessed 12 MAy 2012
  16. Ofsted Report Pre School, Ofsted Report Pre School, accessed 12 May 2012
  17. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Old Hall Marshes, Old Hall Marshes RSPB, accessed 1 July 2012
  18. Barker, Louise (2000). Old Hall Marshes, Essex (Report). English Heritage. ISSN   1478-7008. NMR EVENT 1310727. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  19. 1 2 "Tollesbury – Old Hall Marshes (SSSI)". Maldon District Council. Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  20. RSPB Birds magazine, Old Essex Coast: Old Hall Marshes, p. 50 (Spring 2005)
  21. 1 2 http://tollesbury.weebly.com/darcy.html , Darcy Information, accessed 1 July 2012
  22. Greater Anglia, Greater Anglia Website, accessed 10 May 2012
  23. Broomfield Hospital, Broomfield Hospital NHS Website, accessed 10 May 2012
  24. Colchester General Archived 23 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Colchester Hospital University NHS Website, accessed 10 May 2012
  25. Five days until Tolleshunt D'Arcy surgery closure, Maldon & Burnham Standard, accessed 14 October 2015

See also