Tolleshunt Major

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Tolleshunt Major
St. Nicholas' church, Tolleshunt Major, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 136710.jpg
St. Nicholas' church, Tolleshunt Major
Essex UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tolleshunt Major
Location within Essex
Population695 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference TL900113
Civil parish
  • Tolleshunt D'Arcy
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MALDON
Postcode district CM9
Dialling code 01621
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°46′05″N0°45′08″E / 51.76805°N 0.75224°E / 51.76805; 0.75224 Coordinates: 51°46′05″N0°45′08″E / 51.76805°N 0.75224°E / 51.76805; 0.75224

Tolleshunt Major is a small village approximately five miles north east of Maldon, in the Maldon District of Essex, England. It forms part of the electoral ward of Tolleshunt D'Arcy and is situated on the northern bank of the River Blackwater. [2]

Contents

History

Side view of Beckingham Manor Beckingham Hall, Tolleshunt Major, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 264680.jpg
Side view of Beckingham Manor

The Tolleshunt group of villages (Major, Knights, D'Arcy and Tollesbury) grew up in the area settled by the Saxon chief Toll who cleared areas of forest round local water sources. Tolleshunta was the Anglo Saxon name for Toll's spring. The name Tolleshunt Major (or Mauger as it was previously known), was granted by King Henry VIII to Stephen Beckenham, in 1544. [3] Beckenham bought various landscapes in and around the village and built a semi-fortified manor house with a turreted gatehouse within a red-brick boundary wall. This became known as "Beckingham House". [3] The house was demolished in 1782 and was replaced by a farmhouse. The former gatehouse which formed part of Beckingham Manor, complete with turrets and boundary wall still remain. [3]

In 1609, Beckingham completed the design and construction of a heraldic shield which featured statuettes of himself and his wife Alvis Beckingham (née Terral). The monument was displayed at the parish church of St. Nicholas. This has since been pulled down and scrapped. [3]

Beckingham family

The Beckingham family originally came from Wiltshire. Stephen's son Thomas Beckingham received a knighthood and died in 1633. His son, William, became heir to the estate aged 12.[ citation needed ] The estate was eventually sold to Sir Thomas Adams, an alderman from London. The manor house changed hands several times before eventually becoming the property of the current owners. [3]

Geography

Tolleshunt Major's only streets are Beckingham Street, Bakers Lane, Mill Lane, Witham Road, Tudwick Road and Tolleshunt D'Arcy Road, all situated within the built up part of the village, which consists of just over one hundred dwellings.[ citation needed ]

The village's parish boundaries stretch as far as Little Totham, taking in parts of Sawyers Lane and Plains Road.[ citation needed ] Other rural parts of the village include Church Road to the east, Tudwick Road to the north, Sawyers Lane and Plains Road to the west, parts of Scraley Road, Wash Lane and Bakers Green to the south.[ citation needed ]

The village, which is not on any main road, is bordered by the villages of Little Totham, Goldhanger, Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Tolleshunt Knights and Great Totham North and South. Nearby towns include Maldon District, Colchester, Chelmsford and Tiptree.[ citation needed ]

Economy

Tolleshunt Major is host to The Beckingham Business park which has a small number of businesses, ranging from a transport company to a sports equipment manufacturing company. There are no street lights, mains gas supply or bus service apart from a schools service in the village.

The Beckingham Bell 'The Bell' inn at Tolleshunt Major, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 262690.jpg
The Beckingham Bell

The village has one public house called the Beckingham Bell which is situated in Beckingham Street. [4]

The village does have one small shop on Wicks Manor Farm situated in Tolleshunt Major which is owned by Howies & Sons. Wicks Manor Farm is a Local Essex farm which produces dry cured bacon, sausages, ham, gammons and pork.

Other shops can be found in Tiptree which is about a ten-minute drive where large supermarkets can be found as well as fast food restaurants, newsagents, a post office, hair salons, doctors and pharmacists. Also in Tiptree is the jam factory owned by Wilkin & Sons Limited. [5] Bigger shopping centres are at Chelmsford City about 30 minutes drive away and Colchester Town about 30 minutes away.

Governance

There are several elected representatives at different levels of government which act for Tolleshunt Major and the surrounding villages. [6] There are two Tolleshunt D'arcy district councillors which represent the area at Maldon District Council. The current district councillors are Robert Long (Conservative Party (UK)) and Maddie Thompson (Conservative). [6] The current MEPs are Vicky Ford (Conservative), Andrew Duff (Liberal Democrats), Stuart Agnew (UK Independence), Robert Sturdy (Conservative), Geoffrey Van Orden (Conservative), Richard Howitt (Labour) and David Campbell Bannerman (Conservative). [6]

Public transport

Bus

There is no bus service that runs through Tolleshunt Major. Buses can be boarded at the nearby village of Tolleshunt D’arcy. Other villages served are Maldon, Chelmsford and Witham. [7]

Railway

The closest National Rail service is located in Witham or Hatfield Peveral, and is operated by Abellio Greater Anglia. Destinations served from these stations include London Liverpool Street and Ipswich, Clacton, Harwich, Braintree and Norwich via the Great Eastern Main Line. [8] The nearest London Underground line is the central line at Stratford International. [9]

Schools

There are no schools in the village of Tolleshunt Major, the nearest primary school being in Tolleshunt D'arcy. [10]

Healthcare

The nearest NHS(National Health Service (England)) hospitals are Broomfield Hospital in Chelmsford. [11] or Colchester General, in Highwoods, Colchester. [12]

Related Research Articles

Witham Human settlement in England

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Tollesbury A village in Essex, England

Tollesbury is a village in England, located on the Essex coast at the mouth of the River Blackwater. It is situated nine miles east of the historic port of Maldon and twelve miles south of Colchester.

Maldon Human settlement in England

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Maldon District Non-metropolitan district in England

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City of Chelmsford Place in England

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Wickham Bishops Human settlement in England

Wickham Bishops is a village and civil parish in the Maldon district of Essex, England. It is located around three miles north of the town of Maldon and around two miles southeast of Witham, in whose post town it lies.

Tiptree Human settlement in England

Tiptree is a village and civil parish in the English county of Essex, situated 10 miles (16 km) south-west of Colchester and around 50 miles (80 km) north-east of London. Surrounding villages include Messing, Tolleshunt Knights, Tolleshunt Major, Layer Marney, Inworth, Birch, Great Braxted, Great Totham and Little Totham.

Maldon and East Chelmsford (UK Parliament constituency)

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Broomfield, Essex Human settlement in England

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Alresford, Essex Human settlement in England

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Tolleshunt DArcy Human settlement in England

Tolleshunt D'Arcy is a small village situated on the Blackwater estuary, about 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Colchester, 18.6 miles (30 km) east of Chelmsford and 29.6 miles (48 km) north of Southend-on-Sea, in the county of Essex in the East of England.

Great Totham Human settlement in England

Great Totham is a village and civil parish in Maldon district, Essex, England, and midway between Chelmsford and Colchester. The village includes the Island of Osea in the Blackwater estuary and is separated into two parts, north and south. The north side and the south side are about a mile and a half apart, distributed along the B1022. The parish contains the hamlet of Totham Hill.

Oxley Green Human settlement in England

Oxley Green is a hamlet on the B1023 road, in between the villages of Tiptree and Tolleshunt D'Arcy, in the Maldon District of Essex.

References

  1. "Parish population 2015" . Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  2. "Ward Profile – Tolleshunt D'Arcy". Maldon District Council. 4 February 2010. Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 History of Maldon, accessed 27 March 2012
  4. Beckingham Bell Archived 30 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Beckingham Bell Public House, accessed 4 May 2012
  5. Tiptree Jam, Tiptree Jam, accessed 4 May 2012
  6. 1 2 3 Tolleshunt Major find your local MP, WriteToThem, accessed 16 April 2012
  7. Local bus routes Archived 22 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine , local bus routes, accessed 4 May 2012
  8. Greater Anglia, Greater Anglia Website, accessed 10 May 2012
  9. London Underground, Transport for London Tfl Website, accessed 10 May 2012
  10. Tolleshunt D'arcy Primary School, Tolleshunt D'arcy Primary School, accessed 12 May 2012
  11. Broomfield Hospital, Broomfield Hospital NHS Website, accessed 10 May 2012
  12. Colchester General Archived 23 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Colchester Hospital University NHS Website, accessed 10 May 2012