Tolleson, Arizona

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Tolleson, Arizona
Tolleson AZ seal.png
Motto(s): 
"Honoring Our Past, Positioning Our Future" [1]
Maricopa County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Tolleson Highlighted 0474190.svg
Location in Maricopa County, Arizona
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Tolleson
USA Arizona location map.svg
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Tolleson
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Tolleson
Coordinates: 33°27′00″N112°15′34″W / 33.45000°N 112.25944°W / 33.45000; -112.25944 [2]
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Government
  Type City council
  MayorJuan F. Rodriguez
Area
[3]
  Total5.73 sq mi (14.85 km2)
  Land5.73 sq mi (14.85 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
[2]
1,014 ft (309 m)
Population
 (2020) [4]
  Total7,216
  Density1,258.68/sq mi (485.94/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP code
85353
Area code 623
FIPS code 04-74190
GNIS feature ID2412078 [2]
Website www.tollesonaz.org

Tolleson /ˈtɒlɪsən/ is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the population of the city was 7,216 as of the 2020 census, [4] up from 6,545 in 2010.

Contents

History

The city was incorporated in 1929 [5] and named after founders Walter G. Tolleson and his wife Alethea H. Tolleson. [6] The Tollesons moved to the area in 1910, buying a 160-acre ranch at the intersection of 91st Avenue and Van Buren Street. Walter Tolleson reopened the Ten Mile Store which was the first stagecoach stop and general merchandise store in route to Yuma from Phoenix. The store was located on what is now the intersection of 91st Drive and Monroe Street. [7]

In 1912, the Tollesons subdivided their ranch, allowing more people to buy their land. In an effort to market his new community as a good opportunity for farmers, Mr. Tolleson chartered a train and provided free lunches for anyone to make the journey. He also gave away five dollars worth of gold to better entice people. Eighty lots were sold at a price of $50.00 per lot. [8]

Leon Tolleson, Walter’s brother, became the first postmaster of the development in 1913. The with rural mail route operated out of Walter's general merchandise store for a time before a stand alone post office was built at what is now 91st Avenue and Van Buren Street, where it is still located today. [7]

Beginning in the 1940s, agriculture in the surrounding area began to take off, providing an great economic boost to the city. By the 1950s, Tolleson had become known as the "Vegetable Center of the World." [7] :44 The early 1960s saw a rapid decline of agri-business as more machinery became available to farmers in the area, leading to decreased need for labor.

The 1970s city planners developed a master plan, began street beautification projects, encouraged new housing development and built a multi-million dollar sewage treatment plant essential for industrial and residential growth. The city hoped that this would help entice new businesses and homebuyers to move in driving up population and revenue once again, seen as an investment in the city’s future. Tolleson also expanded its land during the Phoenix metropolitan area’s “range war” in the late 1970s. Cities such as Avondale, Goodyear, and Phoenix, began annexing large chunks of land around where the I-10 was set to go through. Tolleson went from one square mile to six square miles during this time. The cities around Tolleson often had much more buying power so the small town could not grow as much as others. In one instance, Phoenix bought two strips of land measuring thirty and fifty feet wide between Tolleson and Avondale solely so that Tolleson would be confined to its existing space. [9]

The 1980s marked the entry of Fry's Food and Drug and Albertson's Distribution Centers that generated spinoff industrial development to Tolleson. These distributors showed other businesses the strategic placement of Tolleson in moving supplies and products due to its close proximity to Phoenix as well as California, allowing for easy shipment of imports coming from the west coast. Tolleson also sits along Interstate 10, Union Pacific Railroad and State Route 85, as well as the newly constructed Loop 202 only 3 miles to the east creating an efficient transporting environment.

Today, Tolleson is an essential employment center for the West Valley, hosting over twenty Fortune 500 companies. The city employs more than 20,000 people, while having a population just over 7,000 residents. Tolleson has one of the most impressive jobs-to-residents ratios in the nation. [10]

Geography

Tolleson is located on the western side of the Phoenix metropolitan area. The community lies just south of I-10. The city of Avondale lies approximately 6 miles (10 km) to the southwest, and Fowler, a former unincorporated community now within the Phoenix city limits, is 3 miles (5 km) to the east. The Agua Fria River is about 4 miles (6 km) to the west. [11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Tolleson has a total area of 5.7 square miles (15 km2), all land. [3]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1930 910
1940 1,73190.2%
1950 3,04275.7%
1960 3,88627.7%
1970 3,881−0.1%
1980 4,43314.2%
1990 4,4340.0%
2000 4,97412.2%
2010 6,54531.6%
2020 7,21610.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]

As of the 2010 census Tolleson had a population of 6,545. The ethnic and racial makeup of the population was 80.1% Hispanic (72.7% of the total population identifying as of Mexican descent, 1.0% identifying as being of Puerto Rican descent), 11.0% non-Hispanic white, 5.8% non-Hispanic blacks, 1.0% non-Hispanic Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.2% non-Hispanic reporting some other race and 4.2% reporting two or more races (only 1.1% of the population was non-Hispanics reporting two or more races, however Hispanicness itself is not treated as something one can be partly). [13]

At the 2000 census, there were 4,974 people, 1,432 households, and 1,151 families living in the city. The population density was 894.1 inhabitants per square mile (345.2/km2). There were 1,485 housing units at an average density of 266.9 per square mile (103.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 52.2% White, 1.4% Black or African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 40.8% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. 78.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 1,432 households 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 19.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.6% were non-families. 15.9% of households were one person and 7.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 3.47 and the average family size was 3.83.

The age distribution was 32.4% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% 65 or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.8 males.

The median household income was $38,773 and the median family income was $43,894. Males had a median income of $26,934 versus $23,511 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,747. About 9.9% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

SK Food Group, in a partnership with Phoenix and Tolleson, expanded operations in 2016. Their food processing plant is projected to bring 550 jobs, with an emphasis on helping unemployed youth ages 16–24 who are not attending school and on attracting talent across the Valley.

Top employers

According to Tolleson's 2021 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [14] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 JBS Packerland 1,150
2Papa Johns Salads Produce960
3 Albertsons, Inc. 810
4Atlas Retail Services650
5 SK Food Group 550
6 PepsiCo 440
7 Carvana Co 400
8 Autozone 380
9 Salt River Project 380
10 Sysco Arizona370

Notable people

Governmental representation

The city is in Arizona's 7th Congressional District, served by Representative Ruben Gallego, and Arizona's 19th State Legislative District, served by Representatives Mark A. Cardenas and Diego Espinoza and Senator Lupe Contreras, all Democrats.

Education

The city is served by Tolleson Union High School District, Tolleson Elementary School District, Littleton Elementary School District, Union Elementary School District and Fowler Elementary School District.

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References

  1. "City of Tolleson, Arizona". City of Tolleson, Arizona. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Tolleson, Arizona
  3. 1 2 "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Arizona". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 10, 2022.
  4. 1 2 "Tolleson city, Arizona: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 10, 2022.
  5. "Tolleson, Arizona". City-data.com. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  6. "Profile for Tolleson, Arizona, AZ". ePodunk. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  7. 1 2 3 Green, Jim (July 28, 2008). Tolleson. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN   978-0738556307.
  8. "A town is born". Arizona Republic. July 19, 1995. Retrieved June 28, 2023.
  9. Savage, Neal (March 23, 1983). "Growing up - Tolleson tackles big job: expanding in a small way". Arizona Republic. Retrieved 2023-06-30.
  10. "History of Tolleson | Tolleson AZ - Official Website". www.tolleson.az.gov. Retrieved June 28, 2023.
  11. Arizona Atlas & Gazeteer, DeLorme, 4th edition, 2001, p. 57 ISBN   0899333257
  12. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  13. Bureau, U.S. Census. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  14. "City of Tolleson CAFR". tollesonaz.org. p. 154. Retrieved August 18, 2022.
  15. Barone, Michael; Ujifussa, Grant (1999). The Almanac of American Politics 2000 . National Journal Group Inc. p.  125.