Tolo Lake

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Tolo Lake
Tolo Lake, unknown date
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Tolo Lake
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Tolo Lake
Location Idaho County, Idaho
United States
Coordinates 45°54′55″N116°14′10″W / 45.9153928°N 116.2361195°W / 45.9153928; -116.2361195 [1]
Basin  countries United States
Surface area35 acres (14 ha)
Surface elevation3,235 ft (986 m) [1]
Tolo Lake
LocationTolo Lake Road, Nez Perce National Historical Park
Idaho County, Idaho
United States
Nearest city Grangeville
Coordinates 45°54′55″N116°14′10″W / 45.9153928°N 116.2361195°W / 45.9153928; -116.2361195 [1]
Area206 acres (83 ha)
NRHP reference No. 10001200 [2]
Added to NRHPFebruary 7, 2011

Tolo Lake is a shallow, natural lake in camas prairie in Idaho County, Idaho, United States. [1] It is about 35 acres (14 ha) in size. An area of about 206 acres (83 ha) including the lake was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2011. [2] [3]


It is a historic rendez-vous site of the Nez Perce and others.

It also has historic significance from the Nez Perce War and the Battle of White Bird Canyon.

Mammoth bones were discovered there in 1995. [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nez Perce</span> Indigenous peoples of North America

The Nez Perce are an Indigenous people of the Plateau who still live on a fraction of the lands on the southeastern Columbia River Plateau in the Pacific Northwest. This region has been occupied for at least 11,500 years.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wallowa County, Oregon</span> County in Oregon, United States

Wallowa County is the northeastern most county in the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2020 census, the population was 7,391, making it Oregon's fifth-least populous county. Its county seat is Enterprise. According to Oregon Geographic Names, the origins of the county's name are uncertain, with the most likely explanation being it is derived from the Nez Perce term for a structure of stakes used in fishing. An alternative explanation is that Wallowa is derived from a Nez Perce word for "winding water". The journals of Lewis and Clark Expedition record the name of the Wallowa River as Wil-le-wah.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lewis County, Idaho</span> County in Idaho, United States

Lewis County is a county located in the north central region of the U.S. state of Idaho. As of the 2020 census, the population was 3,533, making it the fourth-least populous county in Idaho. The county seat is Nezperce, and Kamiah is the largest city. Partitioned from Nez Perce County and established in 1911, it was named after the explorer Meriwether Lewis. Most of the county is within the Nez Perce Indian Reservation, though Native Americans comprise less than 6% of the county population. Similar to the opening of lands in Oklahoma, the U.S. government opened the reservation for white settlement in November 1895. The proclamation had been signed less than two weeks earlier by President Cleveland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Idaho County, Idaho</span> County in Idaho, United States

Idaho County is a county in the U.S. state of Idaho, and the largest by area in the state. As of the 2020 census, the population was 16,541. The county seat is Grangeville. Previous county seats of the area were Florence (1864–68), Washington (1868–75), and Mount Idaho (1875–1902).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lolo Pass (Idaho–Montana)</span> United States historic place

Lolo Pass, elevation 5,233 feet (1,595 m), is a mountain pass in the western United States, in the Bitterroot Range of the northern Rocky Mountains. It is on the border between the states of Montana and Idaho, approximately forty miles (65 km) west-southwest of Missoula, Montana.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nez Perce National Historical Park</span> Series of federally protected historic sites in the northwestern United States

The Nez Perce National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park comprising 38 sites located across the states of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington, which include traditional aboriginal lands of the Nez Perce people. The sites are strongly associated with the resistance of Chief Joseph and his band, who in June 1877 migrated from Oregon in an attempt to reach freedom in Canada and avoid being forced on to a reservation. They were pursued by U.S. Army cavalry forces and fought numerous skirmishes against them during the so-called Nez Perce War, which eventually ended with Chief Joseph's surrender in the Montana Territory.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Big Hole National Battlefield</span> Historical battlefield in Montana, United States

Big Hole National Battlefield preserves a battlefield in the western United States, located in Beaverhead County, Montana. In 1877, the Nez Perce fought a delaying action against the U.S. Army's 7th Infantry Regiment here on August 9 and 10, during their failed attempt to escape to Canada. This action, the Battle of the Big Hole, was the largest battle fought between the Nez Perce and U.S. Government forces in the five-month conflict known as the Nez Perce War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Register of Historic Places listings in Idaho</span>

This is a directory of properties and districts included among the National Register of Historic Places listings in Idaho. There are approximately 1,000 sites in Idaho listed on the National Register. Each of the state's 44 counties has at least one listing on the National Register.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nez Perce National Historic Trail</span>

The Nez Perce (Nee-Me-Poo) National Historic Trail follows the route taken by a large group of the Nez Perce tribe in 1877 to avoid being forced onto a reservation. The 1,170-mile (1,883 km) trail was created in 1986 as part of the National Trails System Act and is managed by the U.S. Forest Service. The trail traverses through portions of the U.S. states of Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana and connects sites across these states that commemorate significant events of the Nez Perce War that took place between June and October 1877, as several bands of the Nez Perce tried to escape capture by the U.S. Cavalry. The sites are among the 38 that are part of the National Park service's Nez Perce National Historical Park, managed over all by the National Park Service, with some sites managed by local and state affiliated organizations.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of White Bird Canyon</span> Battle of the 1877 Nez Perce War

The Battle of White Bird Canyon was fought on June 17, 1877, in Idaho Territory. White Bird Canyon was the opening battle of the Nez Perce War between the Nez Perce Indians and the United States. The battle was a significant defeat of the U.S. Army. It took place in the western part of present-day Idaho County, southwest of the city of Grangeville.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wallowa–Whitman National Forest</span> United States national forest in Oregon

The Wallowa–Whitman National Forest is a United States National Forest in the U.S. states of Oregon and Idaho. Formed upon the merger of the Wallowa and Whitman national forests in 1954, it is located in the northeastern corner of the state, in Wallowa, Baker, Union, Grant, and Umatilla counties in Oregon, and includes small areas in Nez Perce and Idaho counties in Idaho. The forest is named for the Wallowa band of the Nez Perce people, who originally lived in the area, and Marcus and Narcissa Whitman, Presbyterian missionaries who settled just to the north in 1836. Forest headquarters are located in Baker City, Oregon with ranger districts in La Grande, Joseph and Baker City.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Old Chief Joseph Gravesite</span> United States historic place

The Old Chief Joseph Gravesite, also known as Nez Perce Traditional Site, Wallowa Lake, Chief Joseph Cemetery and Joseph National Indian Cemetery is a Native American cemetery near Joseph, Oregon. The area was also a traditional campsite of the Nez Perce and may be archaeologically significant. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1985, listed as Wallowa Lake Site. It is a component of the Nez Perce National Historical Park.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Camas Meadows Battle Sites</span> United States historic place

The Camas Meadows Battle Sites, also known as Camas Meadows Camp and Battle Sites, are two sites important to the Battle of Camas Creek, fought August 20, 1877 between members of the Nez Perce tribe and troops of the United States Army. The Nez Perce captured about 150 horses and mules from a campsite of the pursuing army, and for several hours besieged a detachment sent to recover them at a second site. The two sites, each about 40 acres (16 ha) in size, are about 5 miles (8.0 km) apart in Clark County, Idaho. They were designated a National Historic Landmark in 1989, and are now part of Nez Perce National Historical Park, a collection of sites important in Nez Perce history.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Weippe Prairie</span> United States historic place

Weippe Prairie is a "beautiful upland prairie field of about two by three miles bordered by farmland made from cleared pine forests" at 3,000 feet elevation in Clearwater County, Idaho, at Weippe, Idaho. Camas flowers grow well there, and attracted native gatherers of the camas roots. It is the location in Idaho where the Lewis and Clark Expedition emerged from crossing the Bitterroot Mountains on the Lolo Trail and first met the Nez Perce tribe of Native Americans.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Register of Historic Places listings in Nez Perce County, Idaho</span>

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Nez Perce County, Idaho.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Snake River Archaeological Site</span> Historic district in Washington, United States

The Snake River Archaeological District is an archaeological area located in Nez Perce County, Idaho, and Asotin County, Washington, and centered on the Snake River, which divides the two states. The area includes a number of sites inhabited by the Nez Perce people, who used it as a fishing ground and a winter campsite. Settlement in the area stretches from roughly 6000 B.C. to the 20th century A.D. Several hundred pictographs are part of the area, usually painted at village sites.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lower Salmon River Archeological District</span> United States historic place

The Lower Salmon River Archeological District is a 4,818 acres (19.50 km2) historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986. It included 213 contributing sites.

The six national parks, reserves, historic sites, and monuments in Idaho contain a wide variety of interesting places and experiences. These include recreational areas, archeological sites, nature preserves and volcanic parks.


  1. 1 2 3 4 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Tolo Lake
  2. 1 2 "Weekly listings of February 18, 2011". National Park Service.
  3. Suzanne Julin and Suzi Pengilly (May 9, 2010). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Tolo Lake / NEPE Site # 29; Tepahlewam; Split Rocks; Tipahxlee'wuhm; Tolo Lake Camp" (PDF). Idaho. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
  4. Eric Sorensen (September 4, 1995). "New Life From Old Bones Discovery Of Mammoth Skeletons At Tolo Lake Stirs Pride, Economy In Struggling Community Of Grangeville". Spokesman-Review.