Tom's Organization

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Tom's Organization (1943-1945) was an intelligence organization founded by a Polish collaborator, Hubert Jura. At the beginning of 1945, members of the organization were included in the Holy Cross Mountains Brigade. [1]

Hubert Jura

Hubert Jura aka Herbert Jung was a SD or Gestapo agent and a Nazi collaborator. He was born in Tucheler Heide, German Empire. He was first an officer of the Polish Army, then of the underground Home Army which he left or from which he was removed after some of his crimes came to light, and subsequently a member of the nationalist National Armed Forces as well as his own organization. The organization he created, Tom’s Organization, collaborated with the Germans. Jura was sentenced to death by the Home Army underground court for his collaboration with Nazi Germany. Jura came from a Pomeranian mixed family with Polish and German roots. In 1943, after removing him from the Home Army, he set up his own intelligence organization. At the end of summer he started cooperation with the officer of the SS. Probably offered him a cooperation which consisted of a common fight against the communists, in exchange for the supply of arms for "Tom Organization" and care during his travels between Warsaw and Radom. In 1944, after the fall of the Warsaw Uprising, members of the Tom Organization came to Częstochowa. “Tom" received a villa from the Germans at Jasnogórska Street, which became the headquarter of the group for a few months.

Holy Cross Mountains Brigade

The Holy Cross Mountains Brigade was a tactical unit of the National Armed Forces, one of the Polish underground military organizations during World War II. It did not obey orders to merge with the Home Army in 1944 and was a part of the Military Organization Lizard Union faction.

Some of them were included in the SD in 1945 with members Holy Cross Mountains Brigade.

Sicherheitsdienst, full title Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS, or SD, was the intelligence agency of the SS and the Nazi Party in Nazi Germany. Originating in 1931, the organization was the first Nazi intelligence organization to be established and was considered a sister organization with the Gestapo through integration of SS members and operational procedures. Between 1933 and 1939, the SD was administered as an independent SS office, after which it was transferred to the authority of the Reich Main Security Office, as one of its seven departments/offices. Its first director, Reinhard Heydrich, intended for the SD to bring every single individual within the Third Reich's reach under "continuous supervision".

Notes

  1. David & Todd Morgan. The Anabasis of the Holy Cross Brigade Reflected in the Documents of the United States Government, 1945-1950. „Glaukopis”. 5–6, s. 250–251, 271–272, 2006. Warszawa. ISSN 1730-3419 (ang.).


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