Tomás Medina Menéndez (June 1803 – February 1884) was provisional President of El Salvador 1–3 February 1848.
Mr. Medina began his public life in 1833 being elected to the Assembly and then senator till 1848. February of the same year he received the Presidency of the Republic as senator until the vice president, José Félix Quirós, took over the presidency.
In 1852 he was elected Vice President of El Salvador for 2 years under President Francisco Dueñas. The testimony is No. 34 of the Gaceta Oficial, 30 January of that election with the words, "Yesterday it was declared Constitutional President by popular election, Mr. Lic. don Francisco Dueñas y Vice President designate conformed with the law Mr. don Tomás Medina."
The history of El Salvador begins with several Mesoamerican nations, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya. In the early 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City. In 1821, the country achieved independence from Spain as part of the First Mexican Empire, only to further secede as part of the Federal Republic of Central America two years later. Upon the republic's dissolution in 1841, El Salvador became sovereign until forming a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898.
The Dominican Republic is a representative democracy, where the President of the Dominican Republic functions as both the head of the government and head of the multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in the bicameral National Congress. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
Rafael Hipólito Mejía Domínguez is a Dominican politician who served as President of the Dominican Republic from 2000 to 2004.
Francisco Guillermo Flores Pérez was a Salvadoran politician who served as President of El Salvador from June 1, 1999 to June 1, 2004 as a member of the conservative Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA). He was the first former Salvadoran president to be indicted and tried on corruption charges. He was placed under house arrest during the latter days of his life.
The president of El Salvador, officially known as the president of the Republic of El Salvador, is the head of state and head of government of El Salvador. He is also, by Constitutional Law, the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of El Salvador. The office was created in the Constitution of 1841. From 1821 until 1841, the head of state of El Salvador was styled simply as Head of State.
Sergio Osmeña Sr. was a Filipino politician who served as the fourth President of the Philippines from 1944 to 1946. He was Vice President under Manuel L. Quezon. Upon Quezon's sudden death in 1944, Osmeña succeeded him at age 65, becoming the oldest person to assume the Philippine presidency until Rodrigo Duterte took office in 2016 at age 71. A founder of the Nacionalista Party, Osmeña was also the first Visayan to become president.
Danilo Medina Sánchez is a Dominican politician who served as the 53rd President of the Dominican Republic from 2012 to 2020.
Rafael Wenceslao Núñez Moledo was a Colombian author, lawyer, journalist and politician, who was elected president of Colombia in 1880 and in 1884. Núñez was the leader of the so-called "Regeneration" process which produced the Colombian Constitution of 1886 which was to remain until 1991.
The National Congress is the legislative branch of the government of Honduras.
Juan Nepomuceno Fernández Lindo y Zelaya was a Conservative Central American politician, provisional president of the Republic of El Salvador from 1841 to 1842 and of the Republic of Honduras from 1847 to 1852.
José Trinidad Cabañas served as President of Honduras for two separate terms: From 1 March to 6 July 1852. And 31 December 1853 to 6 June 1855. He was a General and liberal politician whose role in Honduran history began during the Civil War 1826-29. He became a Central America hero, when he attempted to reunite Central America, during Francisco Morazán's tenure and after the unionist's death.
General Francisco Malespín Herrera was an army officer and politicians, elected as the president of El Salvador in 1844. He served from 7 February 1844 to 15 February 1845, when he was deposed by his vice president Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán after leading the country to war against Guatemala, a neighboring state of the Federal Republic of Central America. Numerous sources also confirm that Malespin also attempted to depose the provincial Nicaraguan government. After being deposed, Malespin returned to El Salvador with forces from Honduras, but he was captured and assassinated. Some of Malespin's closest allies was Francisco Ferrera in Honduras as well as Juan Lindo, both conservatives. He was supported by Honduras after his downfall.
Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán was a politician and briefly acting President of El Salvador on three occasions: from 25 October 1844 to 16 February 1845, from 25 April 1845 to 1 February 1846, and from 19 January 1859 to 15 February 1859, after conducting a coup against General Malespin during the war with Guatemala.
Rafael Campo Pomar was President of El Salvador 12 February 1856 – 1 February 1858.
Francisco Dueñas Díaz was a Salvadorean politician and member of the Conservative Party who served as President of El Salvador from:
Gerardo Barrios was President of El Salvador, from 12 March 1859 to 26 October 1863.
Andrés del Valle Rodríguez was President of El Salvador from February 1 until May 1, 1876.
Óscar Samuel Ortiz Ascencio is a Salvadoran politician who served as the Vice President of El Salvador from 1 June 2014 to 1 June 2019. Previously he was the Mayor of Santa Tecla. He was first elected to that position in 2000, and he was re-elected in 2003, 2006, 2009 and 2012.
The 1949 Constitution of Costa Rica established two Vice-Presidencies of Costa Rica, which are directly elected through a popular vote on a ticket with the president for a period of four years, with no immediate re-election. There has been various incarnations of the office. Vice presidents replace the president in cases of temporary or permanent absence.
The Free State of Costa Rica was the name acquired by Costa Rica after its split from the Federal Republic of Central America in 1838 and until the proclamation of the First Costa Rican Republic in 1847.
| President of El Salvador |
February 1, 1848 – February 3, 1848
José Félix Quirós
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