Tomás Parra

Last updated

Tomás Parrá (born 1937, Mexico City) is a Mexican artist, cultural promoter and museum curator. [1] His work has been noted with membership into Mexico Sistema Nacional de Creadores de Arte. [2]

Contents

Career

Parrá began studying art at the Escuela de Iniciación Artística, studying under Carlos Alvarado Lang, then enrolling in Escuela Nacional de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado "La Esmeralda" in 1951. [1] In 1953, he began to work with artist Juan Soriano on stage sets and costumes for the Grupo de Teatro: Poesía en Voz Alta formed by Octavio Paz. This working relationship lasted for five years, during which time Soriano was experimenting with ceramic sculpture. [1] [2] [3]

Gallery owner Antonio Souza offered Parrá his first individual exhibit in 1958, which was then followed by exhibitions at the Proteo Gallery, popular in the 1960s and allowed Parra to meet other artists of the Generación de la Ruptura. [1] These were followed by some other exhibits in locations such as the Galería Pecanins in Mexico City along with the Instituto de Arte Contemporaneo in Lima and the Galería Carmen Waugh in Santiago de Chile, culminating in a retrospective at the Museo de Arte Moderno in 1998. [1] [2] [3]

After spending time in South America in the 1960s, Parra returned to Mexico in the 1970s to begin a career in as a cultural promoter and curator along with painting. In 1970 he joined the Salón Independiente and in 1972 he began teaching, giving classes for ten years in institutions such as the Academy of San Carlos, La Esmeralda and the Escuela Nacional de Arte Plásticas. [1] [3] He was also a member of the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana; however, conflicts inside this institution prompted Parra to break away with thirty two other artists to form the Foro de Arte Contemporáneo in 1978, which he directed until 1988. With this organization he held the first Encuentor de Artes Visuales e Identidad en América Latina in 1981. [1] [4]

He has experience working with museums as early as 1955 but since 1970 worked curating numerous exhibits such as the Encuentro interamericano de artistas plásticos, Diálogo sobre 7 puntos at Museo de las Artes of the University of Guadalajara in 1994. He also staged collective exhibitions at the Museo de Arte Moderno such as Autorretrato, Años 90, where he also participated as an artist and Diálogos insólitos. [1] He collaborated with Carlos Pellicer to create the Museo Diego Rivera Anahuacalli. This culminated in becoming the assistant director of the Museo de Arte Moderno from 1990 to 1991. [2] [3]

Parra has also judged painting and drawing competitions and frequently invited to festivals such as the Cagnes-sur-Mer in France in 1989, and biennials such as those in Cuenca, Ecuador and Valparaíso, Chile in 1989 and 1991. [1]

His artistic and cultural work has earned him three grants from the Fondo Nacional de Cultura y las Artes, which named him an artist emeritus. [1] [2] He is also a member of the Sistema Nacional de Creadores de Arte since 1993. [2] [3]

Artistry

Parrá’s work is part of the Generación de la Ruptura, a generation of Mexican artists that broke with the conventions of Mexican muralism. [5] Unlike many Mexican artists, Parra turned down a chance to study in Europe in 1961 in favor of travel in Latin America, in countries such as Brazil, Argentina, Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador, spending the most time in Chile and Peru. [1] [2] For this reason, his work shows more influence artists such as Mexican Rufino Tamayo, Chilean Roberto Matta and Nicaraguan Armando Morales, although European influence such as surrealism is noted as well. [1] [2] His more mature work has more subdued colors, and he notes that much of his imagery is related to poetry, especially the writing of Octavio Paz and Carlos Pellicer. A number of his works have titles taken from their writings. [1] [2] [5]

As an artist his is not prolific, not only because of his cultural work but because he paints slowly and meticulously. His work is noted not for its quantity but rather for its experimentation. [2] He is also noted as an illustrator in various techniques. [1]

Related Research Articles

Kiyoto Ota

Kiyoto Ota is a Japanese-Mexican sculptor.

Juan Soriano (artist)

Juan Soriano was a Mexican artist known for his paintings, sculptures and theater work. He was a child prodigy whose career began early as did his fame with various writers authoring works about him. He exhibited in the United States and Europe as well as major venues in Mexico such as the Museo de Arte Moderno and the Palacio de Bellas Artes. His monumental sculptures can be found in various parts of Mexico and in Europe as well. Recognitions of his work include Mexico's National Art Prize, the Chevalier des Arts et Lettres and membership in France's Legion of Honour.

Museo de Arte Moderno Art Museum in Mexico City, Mexico

The Museo de Arte Moderno is located in Chapultepec park, Mexico City, Mexico.

Santos Balmori Picazo was a Spanish-Mexican painter whose heavily European style was not appreciated by his contemporaries of the Mexican muralism movement, but he had influence with the succeeding Generación de la Ruptura artists. He trained and began his art career in Europe moving later to Mexico City. He became a professor and researcher at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas training younger artists such as Rodolfo Nieto, Pedro Coronel, Carlos Olachea and Juan Soriano. As a teacher, he did not stop drawing but he did not paint professionally again until after retirement, having a number of exhibitions later in life.

Gilberto Aceves Navarro Mexican artist

Gilberto Aceves Navarro was a Mexican painter and sculptor and a professor at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas and Academy of San Carlos. There have been more than two hundred individual exhibits of his work, with his murals found in Mexico, Japan and the United States. He received numerous awards for his work including grants as a Creador Artístico of the Sistema Nacional de Creadores de Arte, Premio Nacional de Ciencias y Artes and Bellas Artes Medal from the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes.

Alfredo Zalce

Alfredo Zalce Torres was a Mexican artist and contemporary of Diego Rivera, David Siqueiros and other better-known muralists. He worked principally as a painter, sculptor, and engraver, also taught, and was involved in the foundation of a number of institutions of culture and education. He is perhaps best known for his mural painting, typically imbued with "fervent social criticism". He is acclaimed as the first artist to borrow the traditional material of coloured cement as the medium for a "modern work of art". Publicity-shy, he is said to have turned down Mexico's Premio Nacional de Ciencias y Artes before finally accepting it in 2001. Before his death, Sotheby's described him as "the most important living Mexican artist up to date".

Rodolfo Aguirre Tinoco Mexican artist

Rodolfo Aguirre Tinoco is a Mexican artist.

Lilia Carrillo García was a Mexican painter from the Generación de la Ruptura, which broke with the Mexican School of Painting of the early 20th century. She was trained in the traditional style but her work began to evolve away from it after studying in Paris in the 1950s. While she and husband abstract artist Manuel Felguérez struggled to get their work accepted, even selling Mexican handcrafts and folk art to survive, she eventually had her canvas work exhibited at large venues in Mexico City and various cities in the world. Her work was part of the inaugural exhibition of the Museo de Arte Moderno in Mexico City in 1964. After her death in 1974, her work received honors from the Palacio de Bellas Artes and has been exhibited in various venues.

Mauricio García Vega

Mauricio García Vega is a Mexican painter whose work has been recognized by various awards and membership in the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana. His work is mostly focus on urban landscapes often with dark themes and a chaotic feel. He works alone and with his brother Antonio García Vega. He lives and works in the Mexico City suburb of Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl.

Enrique Echeverría Vázquez (1923–1972) was a Mexican painter, part of the Generación de la Ruptura and early member of the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana. He was one of a number of painters who broke away from the established painting figurative style in Mexico in the mid 20th century to experiment with abstractionism and other modern movements in painting from Europe. Although his career was followed by other artists and critics, he died in the early 1970s when painters of his generation were only beginning to receive widespread recognition for their work. While meriting two major exhibits at the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City, one just after his death and a retrospective thirty years later in 2003, he and his work are not well known among younger Mexican painters.

Antonio García Vega

Antonio García Vega is a Mexican artist and member of the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana. He began exhibiting his work while still in school in the early 1970s and continues to do so, often working with his brother Mauricio García Vega. He works in mixed media to paint various forms of expression. His early work was mostly fantastic, with elements of eroticism but his later work has been darker as a means of expressing his own feelings and moods. His work has mostly been exhibited in Mexico, often in conjunction with other artists including a 2010 exhibition with his brother at various venues.

Samy Benmayor

Samy Mauricio Benmayor Benmayor is a Chilean painter who formed part of the Generation of '80 movement.

Francisco Moreno Capdevila was a Mexican artist of Spanish origin, best noted for his engraving and other graphic work. He came to Mexico as a political refugee after the fall of the Republicans in 1939. Unlike other Spanish artists of his generation, he was young when he arrived and did not begin studying or working in art until he was in Mexico. His work generally had cultural and political themes, but also included a portable mural about the fall of Tenochtitlan. This work was at the Museo de la Ciudad de México for thirty years, but today it is at the law school of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. His work was recognized by membership in various honor societies, including the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana and the Academia de Artes.

Rodolfo Hurtado was a Mexican artist, considered to be part of the “Intermediate Generation” or that which came to prominence after the Generación de la Ruptura. His works are abstract but maintain a strong link to the figurative, which give them a dream like quality. Although he won awards and was a member of the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana during his lifetime, his work is not well known now in part because he did not do as much to promote it as other artists did.

Leonel Maciel is a Mexican artist, member of the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana, from the coast of the state of Guerrero. Although from a rural area and farming family, he studied art at the Escuela Nacional de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado "La Esmeralda" and has traveled extensively in Europe and Asia, which has influenced his work. His art has changed styles from generally contains multiple elements and saturated colors.

Benito Messeguer was a Mexican artist born in Spain best known for his murals, which continued much of the work of the Mexican muralism movement. His work was recognized with a tribute at the Palacio de Bellas Artes shortly before his death and membership in the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana.

Pedro Pablo Preux was a Mexican tapestry maker of French origin, part of an effort to revive the craft as an art form in Europe under Jean Luçart then introducing and promoting the concept in Mexico in the 1960s and 1970s. Although tapestry making as art declined back to handcraft status starting in the 1980s, Preux’s efforts were recognized with membership in the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana and the Sistema Nacional de Creadores de Arte.

Julia López

Julia López is a self-taught Mexican painter whose works depict her childhood home in the Costa Chica region of Guerrero state. She was born in a small farming village but left early for Acapulco and Mexico City to find a better life. In the capital, she was hired as a model for artists at the Escuela Nacional de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado "La Esmeralda" and as such became part of the circle of notable artists of that time. Their influenced encouraged her to draw and paint, with Carlos Orozco Romero discouraging her from formal instruction as to not destroy her style. She began exhibiting in 1958 and since then has exhibited individually and collectively in Mexico, the United States and Europe. Her work has been recognized with awards and membership in the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana.

Angélica Carrasco

Angelica Carrasco is a Mexican graphic artist who is a pioneer of large scale printmaking in the country. Her work often is related to violence and classified as “abstract neo-expressionism.” Much of her career has been dedicated to teaching and the promotion of the arts, especially the graphic arts and has been recognized with membership in the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana and the Sistema Nacional de Creadores de Arte.

Flor Minor is a Mexican sculptor and graphic artist, known for bronze sculptures and graphic work that generally depict the male form. Her works often are based on the concept of balance or lack thereof. Minor has had individual exhibitions in notable venues in Mexico and abroad, and her work can be found in a number of public and private collections. She has been recognized in Mexico with membership in the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Guillermo Tovar de Teresa (1996). Repertory of Artists in Mexico: Plastic and Decorative Arts. III. Mexico City: Grupo Financiero Bancomer. p. 44. ISBN   968 6258 56 6.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Dora Luz Haw (December 2, 1998). "40 anos de arte y poesia" (in Spanish). Mexico City: Reforma. p. 1.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Imparte el pintor Tomás Parra curso en Torreón" (in Spanish). Saltillo: Infonor. August 9, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2013.
  4. Dulce Maria de Alvarado (October 14, 2001). "El cuerpo como expresion" (in Spanish). Mexico City: Reforma. p. 2.
  5. 1 2 Alejandro Alonso (December 11, 1998). "Poesia y pintura en el MAM" (in Spanish). Mexico City: Reforma. p. 27.