Tomás de Borja y Castro

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Tomas de Borja y de Castro-Pinos o Tomas de Borja y Castro, born in Gandia, Bishop of Malaga, Archbishop of Zaragoza and Captain General of Aragon and brother of San Francisco de Borja y Aragon, IV Duke of Gandia Tomas de Borja y de Castro-Pinos.jpg
Tomás de Borja y de Castro-Pinós o Tomás de Borja y Castro, born in Gandia, Bishop of Málaga, Archbishop of Zaragoza and Captain General of Aragon and brother of San Francisco de Borja y Aragon, IV Duke of Gandia
Coat of arms Duke of Gandia House of Borgia or Borja COA Duke of Gandia.svg
Coat of arms Duke of Gandia House of Borgia or Borja

Tomás de Borja y Castro (c. 1551, Gandía, Province of Valencia September 13, 1610, Zaragoza) was a Spanish noble from the House of Borja who became Bishop of Málaga and Archbishop of Zaragoza.

Contents

Biography

Tomás studied in the Colegio Mayor de San Ildefonso at Alcalá de Henares, Madrid. He later went on to study at Colegio Mayor de San Bartolomé at Salamanca where he obtained a doctorate in theology. He there after dedicated himself to the clergy and the life of the cloth.

In 1571, Tomás together with his brother, the future Saint, Francisco de Borja and the Cardinal Alejandrino set out on a trip around Europe that was bound for Rome. Upon arrival in Rome, Tomás was designated the Consultor de la Inquisición Romana, a title affiliated to the Inquisition. Upon returning to Spain, he was appointed cannon of Toledo and Abbot of the Iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad Orense.

In 1599, Philip III of Spain appointed Tomás as the Bishop of Málaga. His ascendancy coincided with an outbreak of pestilence whose origins came from Spanish troops returning from Spanish Morocco and other African conquests. So strong was this plague that people would fall down in the streets and there was nothing that could be medically done to save them, overflowing the capacity of the hospitals. Tomás devoted himself to caring for the sick, even those that nobody would approach due to fear of infection. The plague lasted two years and killed such a large portion of the population that people were brought in from other regions of Spain to fill all the vacant jobs left behind by the dead.

In 1603, he was named Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Zaragoza, and in 1606, he was named Captain General of Aragón.

He died on September 13 of 1610 at the age of 70. He was buried in a sepulcher at the Capilla Mayor of the Colegio de las Vírgenes.

Distinction

In his honor, in the Spanish city of Málaga, in the area of Pedregalejo, there is a street named after him.

See also

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References

Preceded by
Diego Aponte Quiñones
Bishop of Málaga
15991603
Succeeded by
Juan Alonso de Moscoso López
Preceded by
Alonso de Gregorio
Archbishop of Zaragoza
16031610
Succeeded by
Pedro Manrique de Lara