Tomás de Cardona

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Map of the Gulf of California included by Nicolas de Cardona, nephew of Tomas de Cardona, in his report on the trip to the Kingdom of California. 1632 Cardona Descripcion Indias (173).jpg
Map of the Gulf of California included by Nicolás de Cardona, nephew of Tomás de Cardona, in his report on the trip to the Kingdom of California.
Original Chart of San Francisco de Campeche by Nicolas de Cardona, 17th century, towards 1620. From Archivo de Indias, Seville Spain. Bahia de Campeche Cart Siglo XVI.jpg
Original Chart of San Francisco de Campeche by Nicolás de Cardona, 17th century, towards 1620. From Archivo de Indias, Seville Spain.

Tomás de Cardona, a native of Venice and living in Seville, was a rich explorer, trader, and teacher of Spanish royal palace from the 17th century, who invested a fortune in a company to exploit the pearl banks in California. [1]

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Exploration The act of traveling and searching for resources or for information about the land or space itself

Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery of information or resources. Exploration occurs in all non-sessile animal species, including humans. In human history, its most dramatic rise was during the Age of Discovery when European explorers sailed and charted much of the rest of the world for a variety of reasons. Since then, major explorations after the Age of Discovery have occurred for reasons mostly aimed at information discovery.


In 1611 he was granted an "encomienda" from Philip III of Spain to create a company to exploit the pearl banks of California by committing to: certain important company in the service God, if the result was positive, make the evangelization of the whole southern part and the vast kingdom of the Californias ". In 1612 he signed an agreement with the viceroy to find new banks of pearls, look for the lost galleons from general Luis Fernandez de Cordoba, and explore the rich kingdom of the California. [2]

Encomienda labor system used by the Spanish crown during the Spanish colonization of the Americas and the Philippines

Encomienda was a Spanish labor system. It rewarded conquerors with the labor of particular groups of subject people. It was first established in Spain following the Christian conquest of Muslim territories. It was applied on a much larger scale during the Spanish colonization of the Americas and the Philippines. Conquered peoples were considered vassals of the Spanish monarch. The Crown awarded an encomienda as a grant to a particular individual. In the conquest era of the sixteenth century, the grants were considered to be a monopoly on the labor of particular groups of Indians, held in perpetuity by the grant holder, called the encomendero, and his descendants.

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California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 8.8 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

He offered the male members of his family to enter the company, and sent six ships from Cadiz. His nephew Nicolas de Cardona concluded the trip, returning to California in 1623, making a report to the king that has survived up to our days.

Tomas Cardona succeeded Francisco Velázquez Guillamas the 31 December 1622 as a teacher of chamber of the court. [3] In 1633 Felipe IV of Spain issued a decree forcing treasurers of the houses of the king and queen to present its accounts to the Royal accountancy. In March 1634, the Royal accountancy demanded Tomas Cardona, chamber master and captain, to submit his accounts for the period 1629-1633. Cardona he could not accomplish it until the autumn of that year, being in a bad position until then. [4]

See also


  1. Unam, Viajes y noticias californianas
  2. General History of Spain and America, Volume 9, Part 2, page 110
  3. UAM, / alphabetical list of the servants of the house of Queen Marguerite ALPHABETICAL austria.pdf RELATIONSHIP OF THE HOUSE servants Queen Margaret of Austria (1599-1611) Archived 2008-12-10 at the Wayback Machine .
  4. Institute for Fiscal Studies, THE ECONOMY OF THE COURT. THE REAL COST OF HOUSE IN THE MODERN AGE (1561-1808) Archived 2010-03-29 at the Wayback Machine .

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