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Tom B. Coughran (March 18, 1906, near Visalia, California– October 2, 1993) was an American banker, soldier and public servant. He graduated from Visalia High School in 1923 and received a degree in economics from Stanford University in 1927. Following graduation he joined the First National Bank of Exeter, California. When that bank was bought by Bank of America, Coughran advanced quickly. He was named manager of the Exeter branch in 1932 and promoted to head of the Monterey branch in 1941.
In 1942, Coughran enlisted in the U.S. Army. He attended the Army Finance School at Fort Benjamin Harrison and was stationed at the Office of the Chief of Army Finance in Washington, D.C. until May 1944. At that time he was transferred to the newly formed G-5 Civil Affairs Division at Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Europe (SHAEF). He was headquartered in London, Paris, and finally Hochst, an I.G. Farben company town near Frankfurt. He was discharged from the Army in March 1946 after rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Coughran returned to the Bank of America as manager of the Oakland, California branch. Soon after, he became head of the newly formed International Banking Department in San Francisco. In that capacity he traveled widely in the Far East to facilitate the expansion of the Bank of America into the Philippines, Thailand, Nationalist China, Japan and other locations.
In fall 1957, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed Coughran Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs.In December 1957, he became Executive Director of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. During his thirteen months with the Treasury Department he participated in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization conference in Paris, a presidential fact-finding mission to Central American and the World Bank meeting in New Delhi. He also participated in the formation of the International Development Association and the Colombo Conference in Seattle.
In accordance with a prior agreement, he returned to the Bank of America in January 1959 as Executive Vice President and CEO of Bank of America, International, a wholly owned subsidiary of Bank of America. From 1966 to 1968, he served as Chairman of the Business Advisory Council to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. He was also one of the founders of the World Banking Corporation, a holding company that was expanded and restructured in 1971 as WOBACO.
Coughran retired from the Bank of America in 1971 and from WOBACO in 1976. He moved with his wife from New York to the Washington, D.C. area where he remained until his death on October 2, 1993.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower, GCB, OM was an American army general who served as the 34th president of the United States from 1953 to 1961. During World War II, he became a five-star general in the Army and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe. He was responsible for planning and supervising the invasion of North Africa in Operation Torch in 1942–43 and the successful invasion of Normandy in 1944–45 from the Western Front.
John Foster Dulles was an American diplomat. A Republican, he served as United States Secretary of State under President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953 to 1959. He was a significant figure in the early Cold War era, advocating an aggressive stance against communism throughout the world.
Prescott Sheldon Bush was an American banker and politician.After working as a Wall Street executive investment banker, he represented Connecticut in the United States Senate from 1952 to 1963.A member of the Bush family, he was the father of former Vice President and President George H. W. Bush, and the paternal grandfather of former Texas Governor and President George W. Bush and former Florida Governor Jeb Bush.
The 1958 Lebanon crisis was a Lebanese political crisis caused by political and religious tensions in the country that included a United States military intervention. The intervention lasted for around three months until President Camille Chamoun, who had requested the assistance, completed his term as president of Lebanon. American and Lebanese government forces successfully occupied the Port of Beirut and Beirut International Airport. With the crisis over, the United States withdrew.
Robert Bernard Anderson was an American administrator and businessman. He served as the Secretary of the Navy between February 1953 and March 1954. He also served as the Secretary of the Treasury from 1957 until 1961, and was one of President Eisenhower's closest confidants. Two years before his death from cancer, he was disbarred for illegal banking operations and tax evasion.
Eisenhower National Historic Site preserves the home and farm of Dwight D. Eisenhower, the 34th President of the United States, and its surrounding property of 690.5 acres (279.4 ha). It is located in Cumberland Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania, just outside Gettysburg. Purchased by then-General Eisenhower and his wife Mamie in 1950, the farm served as a weekend retreat for the President and a meeting place for world leaders, and became the Eisenhowers' home after they left the White House in 1961.
The presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower began at noon EST on January 20, 1953, with his inauguration as the 34th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 1961. Eisenhower, a Republican, took office as president following his victory over Democrat Adlai Stevenson in the 1952 presidential election. John F. Kennedy succeeded him after winning the 1960 presidential election.
Rowland Roberts Hughes (1896–1957) was a director of the United States' Office of Management and Budget from April 16, 1954 until April 1, 1956. Hughes, known for his distinctive black eye patch, was called "the logical man" in a 1956 Time Magazine cover story.
Warren Randolph Burgess was an American banker and diplomat who served as the U.S. Ambassador to NATO from 1957 to 1961.
Donald Aubrey Quarles was a communications engineer, senior level executive with Bell Telephone Laboratories and Western Electric, and a top official in the United States Department of Defense during the Eisenhower Administration. He served as both Secretary of the Air Force and Deputy Secretary of Defense.
Raymond Joseph Saulnier was an American economist, who was Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers (CEA) from 1956 to 1961 under President Dwight David Eisenhower. He was born in Hamilton, Massachusetts.
Edgar Newton Eisenhower was an American lawyer and businessman, the older brother of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Charles C. Finucane was an American government official, and banking and investments executive.
John H. Hamlin graduated from Stanford University with an A.B. in 1929. He was born in Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania.
Gabriel Hauge was a prominent American bank executive and economist. Hauge served as assistant to the President for Economic Affairs during the administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Robert Edward Merriam was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Charles E. Merriam, and earned an MA degree from the University of Chicago in 1940.
Wayne B. Warrington Sr. was born in Denver, Colorado and attended Glendale Community College (California) before beginning service in the United States Army Air Corps in 1942. Following his departure from the military, Warrington finished his education at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Edward A. Bacon (1897–1968) was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and attended the Milton Academy from 1912 to 1916. In 1918, Bacon served in United States Marine Corps and earned an A.B. from Harvard University by 1920.
During his two terms in office, President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed five members of the Supreme Court of the United States: Chief Justice Earl Warren, and Associate Justices John Marshall Harlan, William Brennan, Charles Evans Whittaker, and Potter Stewart.
The foreign policy of Dwight D. Eisenhower administration was the foreign policy of the United States from 1953 to 1961, when Dwight D. Eisenhower served as the President of the United States. Eisenhower held office during the Cold War, a period of sustained geopolitical tension between the United States and the Soviet Union.