Tom Chambers (trade unionist)

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Chambers, in about 1900 Tom Chambers.png
Chambers, in about 1900

John Thomas G. Chambers (July 1867 – 3 January 1926) was a British trade unionist.

British people citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, British Overseas Territories, Crown Dependencies, and their descendants

The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies. British nationality law governs modern British citizenship and nationality, which can be acquired, for instance, by descent from British nationals. When used in a historical context, "British" or "Britons" can refer to the Celtic Britons, the indigenous inhabitants of Great Britain and Brittany, whose surviving members are the modern Welsh people, Cornish people, and Bretons. It may also refer to citizens of the former British Empire.

Born in St Neots, Chambers left school at the age of twelve and began working in a grocery shop. He later completed an apprenticeship as a stonemason and developed an interest in socialism, being an early member of the Independent Labour Party. He moved to London in 1893. [1]

St Neots town in Cambridgeshire, England

St Neots is a town and civil parish in the non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire, England, within the historic county of Huntingdonshire, next to the Bedfordshire county border. It lies on the banks of the River Great Ouse in the Huntingdonshire District, 15 miles (24 km) west of Cambridge and 50 miles (80 km) north of central London. St Neots is the largest town in Cambridgeshire with a population of approximately 40,000 in 2014. The town is named after the Cornish monk Saint Neot, whose bones were subject to translation from the hamlet of St Neot on Bodmin Moor on consecration of the Priory of St Neots circa 980.

Independent Labour Party UK political party

The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was a British political party of the left, established in 1893, when the Liberals appeared reluctant to endorse working-class candidates, representing the interests of the majority. A sitting independent MP and prominent union organiser, Keir Hardie, became its first chairman.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

In 1896, Chambers was elected as the Secretary of the International Transport Workers Federation, [2] serving until 1904. [3] He was active in the Independent Labour Party and was elected as the first General Secretary of the Workers' Union in 1898. [4] In 1909, he toured the ports of the United States with Havelock Wilson in order to increase trade union membership. He was then centrally involved in the seamen's strike of 1911. [2]

The Workers' Union was a general union based in the United Kingdom, but with some branches in other countries. During the 1910s, it was the largest general union in the UK, but it entered a rapid decline in the 1920s, and eventually became part of the Transport and General Workers' Union (TGWU).

Havelock Wilson British politician

Joseph Havelock Wilson was a trade union leader, Liberal Party politician, and campaigner for the rights of merchant seamen.

Chambers also served as Treasurer of the National Sailors' and Firemen's Union, and of the National Alliance of Employers and Employed, and was active in the Navy League and the Seafarers Education Service. [2]

Marine Society & Sea Cadets

The Marine Society & Sea Cadets is seafarers' charity in the United Kingdom and the national organization for Sea Cadets.

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References

  1. The Labour Annual (1900), p.150
  2. 1 2 3 "Mr. Thomas Chambers", Manchester Guardian , 5 January 1926
  3. Bob Reinalda, The International Transportworkers Federation, 1914-1945, p.35
  4. Richard Hyman, The Workers' Union, p.8
Trade union offices
Preceded by
Robert Peddie
General Secretary of the International Transport Workers' Federation
18961904
Succeeded by
Ben Tillett
Preceded by
Tom Mann
President of the International Transport Workers' Federation
19011904
Succeeded by
Ben Tillett
Preceded by
New position
General Secretary of the Workers' Union
18981900
Succeeded by
Charles Duncan