New York State, United States
|Major racing wins
| Ladies Handicap (1879, 1881)
Flash Stakes (1881)
Spinaway Stakes (1881)
Long Branch Handicap (1882, 1883)
Tom Costello (born 1866 – unknown) was an American jockey in the sport of Thoroughbred horse racing who won three American Classic Races.
As a young boy, Costello lived at the New York House of Refuge, a place for juveniles convicted of crimes or adjudicated as vagrants. 800-acre (3.2 km2) Long Island Thoroughbred racehorse farm of George L. Lorillard. There, Costello was given an education in a classroom built at the stables by Lorillard, who encouraged their studies and gave prizes to leading students.He was one of a number of small boys given a place to live and work at the
Along with the other boys, Tom Costello helped maintain the stables and learned to ride horses. After a five-year apprenticeship, they were given a chance to become professional jockeys. Costello was highly successful and became wealthy from riding. According to an 1881 newspaper report, by age fifteen he was worth $30,000.
Tom Costello rode Lorillard's Saunterer to a win in the 1881 Preakness and Belmont Stakesand in 1882 captured his second Preakness Stakes on Lorillard's colt, Vanguard. In 1881 Tom Costello also rode Memento to victory in the inaugural running of the Spinaway Stakes at Saratoga Race Course; at Monmouth Park Racetrack in New Jersey, he won back-to-back editions of the Long Branch Handicap aboard Monitor.
Duke of Magenta (1875–1899) was one of the most successful racehorses in the United States in the 19th century.
Pierre J. Lorillard IV was an American tobacco manufacturer and Thoroughbred race horse owner.
James Robert Keene was a Wall Street stockbroker and a major thoroughbred race horse owner and breeder.
Rancocas Farm was an American thoroughbred horse racing stud farm and racing stable located on Monmouth Road in the Jobstown section of Springfield Township, Burlington County, New Jersey.
Robert Wyndham Walden was one of the most successful American trainers in thoroughbred horse racing during the last quarter of the 19th century. He was inducted in the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1970.
Alfred Masson Robertson was a Hall of Fame jockey in American Thoroughbred horse racing.
Victor Espinoza is a Mexican jockey in American Thoroughbred horse racing who won the Triple Crown in 2015 on American Pharoah. He began riding in his native Mexico and went on to compete at racetracks in California. He has won the Kentucky Derby three times, riding War Emblem in 2002, California Chrome in 2014, and American Pharoah in 2015. He also won the Preakness Stakes three times, in those same years and with the same horses. He was the first jockey in history to enter the Belmont Stakes with a third opportunity to win the Triple Crown; his 2015 victory made him the oldest jockey and first Hispanic jockey to accomplish the feat.
Iroquois, was the first American-bred Thoroughbred race horse to win the prestigious Epsom Derby at Epsom Downs Racecourse, Epsom, Surrey, England. He then went on to win the St. Leger Stakes at Doncaster Racecourse.
John L. Rotz was an American Thoroughbred horse racing jockey and a World Champion in Western riding competitions.
In the United States, the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, commonly known as the Triple Crown, is a series of horse races for three-year-old Thoroughbreds, consisting of the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and Belmont Stakes. The three races were inaugurated in different years, the last being the Kentucky Derby in 1875. The Triple Crown Trophy, commissioned in 1950 but awarded to all previous winners as well as those after 1950, is awarded to a horse who wins all three races, and is thereafter designated as a Triple Crown winner. The races are traditionally run in May and early June of each year, although global events have resulted in schedule adjustments, such as in 1945 and 2020.
George Lyndes Lorillard was an American tobacco manufacturer, yachtsman, and a prominent Thoroughbred racehorse owner.
Tom Ochiltree (1872–1897), was an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 1875 Preakness Stakes and several other major stakes. In 1877, he lost in one of the most famous match races of the nineteenth century – a race that had been so anticipated that both houses of Congress were adjourned so members could attend. In 2016, Tom Ochiltree was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame.
Glen Eldon Nelson was an American jockey in the sport of Thoroughbred horse racing who competed primarily at tracks on the East Coast of the United States and who is best known for winning the 1972 Preakness Stakes.
Ruperto Donoso was a jockey in the sport of Thoroughbred horse racing best known for riding Phalanx to victory in the 1947 Belmont Stakes. He also rode Gilded Knight to a second-place finish in the 1939 Preakness Stakes.
Saxon (1871–1895) was a British-bred American-trained Thoroughbred racehorse that won the 1874 Belmont Stakes, the eighth running of that stakes race.
Ronald Franklin was a Eclipse Award winning American jockey. At the age of only nineteen, he rode the champion racehorse Spectacular Bid to win the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes.
Vanguard was an American Thoroughbred racehorse. Ridden by Tom Costello, he won the 1882 Preakness Stakes.
Saunterer was an American Thoroughbred racehorse. Ridden by Tom Costello, he won the 1881 Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes.
Grenada was an American Thoroughbred racehorse. He won the 1880 Preakness Stakes, Belmont Stakes, and Travers Stakes. He is one of only seven horses to have won these three races.
Sir Dixon (1885-1909) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the 1888 Belmont Stakes.