Tom Delaney (songwriter)

Last updated
Tom Delaney
Birth nameThomas Henry Delaney
Born(1889-09-14)September 14, 1889
Charleston, South Carolina, United States
DiedDecember 16, 1963(1963-12-16) (aged 74)
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Genres Blues, jazz
Occupation(s) Songwriter, pianist, singer
Years active1920s–1930s

Thomas Henry Delaney (September 14, 1889 – December 16, 1963) was an American blues and jazz songwriter, pianist and singer, who wrote a number of popular songs, mainly in the 1920s. [1] His work was recorded by many of the more fashionable singers and musicians of the period and later times, including Lillyn Brown, Lucille Hegamin, Original Dixieland Jass Band, Ethel Waters, Earl Hines, Count Basie, Bix Beiderbecke, Big Joe Williams, Clara Smith, Alberta Hunter, Clarence Williams, James P. Johnson, Woody Herman, Bukka White, Toots Thielemans, and Dinah Washington. [2]

Contents

Delaney was known primarily as a songwriter for other performers, but he also recorded a small number of his own songs. [3]

Biography

He was born in Charleston, South Carolina. [3] He spent his childhood in orphanages, [4] including the Jenkins Orphanage in Charleston, where he got his first experience of music and formed the Springfield Minstrels. He later toured the East Coast in a song and dance duo billed as Mitchell and Delaney. [5]

One of Delaney's earliest compositions, "Jazz Me Blues", published in 1921, became one of his more durable works. Lucille Hegamin recorded it that year and it went on to become a jazz standard. [3] In the same year, "The Down Home Blues", recorded by Ethel Waters with Delaney accompanying on the piano, became her first hit. [3] It reached number 5 on the U.S. chart. [6] Delaney also became Waters's manager. [5]

His 1923 composition "Sinful Blues" was one of several of Delaney's that became under the influence of the record producer and publicist Joe Davis. Consequently, many subsequent recordings list Perry Bradford as the songwriter, although Delaney did remain the accredited composer for Maggie Jones's "If I Lose, Let Me Lose (Mamma Don't Mind)" and Clara Smith's "Troublesome Blues" (1927). [1] Helen Gross's 1924 rendition of Delaney's "I Wanna Jazz Some More" became more notable for his rhyming lyric "Miss Susan Green from New Orleans." [7] A number of Delaney's songs were not published at all, such as "Goopher Dust Blues" (with the deliberate or unintended error in spelling) and "Grievin' Mama." His "All the Girls Like Big Dick" was too risque a title for release in the 1920s, despite a loosening of morals in that period, but was published by Davis in the 1950s. [1]

In 1929, Delaney composed "Down on Pennsylvania Avenue", with the lyrics "Now if you want good lovin' and want it cheap, just drop around about the middle of the week, when the broad is broke and can't pay rent, get good lovin' boys, for 15 cents." It was one of only four songs recorded by Bertha Idaho. [4] There is some confusion about whether Delaney or Clarence Williams provided the piano accompaniment on Idaho's recordings. [5]

Delaney's own recorded work amounts to two singles, both recorded in New York and released by Columbia Records in 1922: "Bow Legged Mama" backed with "Parson Jones (You Ain't Livin' Right)" and "I'm Leavin' Just to Ease My Worried Mind" backed with "Georgia Stockade Blues". [3] [8]

Delaney's version of his song "Georgia Stockade Blues" is included on the 1999 compilation album Broke, Black and Blue: An Anthology of Blues Classics and Rarities. [9]

Death

Delaney died of atherosclerosis in December 1963, at the age of 74, in Baltimore, Maryland. [10]

Selected songs

DateSong titleSongwriterRecorded by
1921"Jazz Me Blues"Tom Delaney Lillyn Brown, Lucille Hegamin, ODJB, Art Pepper, Bert Lown, Earl Hines, Woody Herman, Claude Bolling, Charlie Shavers, Count Basie, Toots Thielemans, Bix Biederbecke, Rex Stewart, Roy Eldridge, Pete Fountain, Boris Vian, John Serry, Sr., [11] Tony Mottola [12] [11]
1921"The Down Home Blues"Tom Delaney Ethel Waters, James P. Johnson, Eubie Blake
1923"Log Cabin Blues"Tom Delaney Trixie Smith, Blind Boy Fuller, Clarence Williams
1923"Sinful Blues"Tom Delaney (often credited to Perry Bradford) Bessie Smith
1924"I Wanna Jazz Some More"Tom Delaney Helen Gross
1924"Alabama Blues"Tom Delaney, Bukka White Bukka White
1924"Absent Minded Blues"Tom Delaney Margaret Johnson
1924"Southbound Blues"Tom Delaney, Ma Rainey Ma Rainey
1925"Nobody Knows the Way I Feel This Mornin'"Pearl Delaney, [13] Tom Delaney Clara Smith, Margaret Johnson, David Bromberg, Sidney Bechet, Aretha Franklin, Big Joe Williams, Dinah Washington, Alberta Hunter
1925"Follow the Deal on Down"Tom Delaney Bessie Smith
1925"If I Lose, Let Me Lose (Mamma Don't Mind)"Tom Delaney Maggie Jones
1925"You May Go but You'll Come Back Some Day"Tom Delaney Maggie Jones
1925"I'm a Back Bitin' Mama"Tom Delaney Maggie Jones
1925"Never Drive a Beggar from Your Door"Tom Delaney Maggie Jones
1927"Police Blues"Tom Delaney Martha Copeland
1927"Troublesome Blues"Tom Delaney Clara Smith
1928"Graveyard Love"Tom Delaney Bertha Idaho
1928"Walk That Broad"Tom Delaney, Warren Frisino Clarence Williams
1928"Somethin' Goin' On Wrong"Tom Delaney, James P. Johnson Martha Copeland
1928"Slow and Steady"Tom Delaney, King Oliver King Oliver
1929"Move It On Out of Here"Tom Delaney Bertha Idaho
1929"Down on Pennsylvania Avenue"Tom Delaney Bertha Idaho
1934"Jazz It Blues"Tom Delaney Clarence Williams, Bob Crosby, Joe Venuti, Les Paul
N/K"Everybody Wants to Go to Heaven (But Nobody Wants to Die)"Al Fields, Tom Delaney, Timmie Rogers Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra, Ellen McIlwaine

[1] [2] [3] [4] [8] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18]

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References

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  2. 1 2 "Tom Delaney: Credits". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Komara, Edward, ed. (2006). Encyclopedia of the Blues (2nd ed.). Taylor & Francis. p. 262. ISBN   0-415-92700-5.
  4. 1 2 3 Chadbourne, Eugene. "Bertha Idaho: Artist Biography". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2014-08-04.
  5. 1 2 3 Bastin, Bruce (1995). Red River Blues: The Blues Tradition in the Southeast. Illini Books. p. 47. ISBN   0-252-06521-2.
  6. Whitburn, Joel (1986). Pop Memories: 1890–1954. Record Research. ISBN   0-89820-083-0.
  7. Yanow, Scott. "Various artists, Female Blues Singers, Vol. 7: G/H (1922–1929)". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
  8. 1 2 König, Henry (2014-08-29). "Labelliste von 'Columbia (USA)'. (1923–1933)". Musiktiteldb.de. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
  9. "Rube Lacey". WIrz.de. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
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  12. "Accordion Capers: Joe Biviano, His Accordion and Rhythm Sextette". Archive.org. Retrieved 2017-03-15.
  13. Pearl Delaney (Baltimore ca. 1897 - Baltimore 1928) was his first wife. "Mrs. Pearl Delaney, Retired Vaudevillian, Is Dead In Baltimore" (PDF). The New York Age . 1928-10-20. p. 6. Retrieved 2017-08-27.
  14. "Bertha Idaho: Songs". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
  15. Schwimmer, Mike. "Trust Me Liner Notes". Scribd.com. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
  16. "List of Compositions and Recordings" (PDF). Rainerjazz.com. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
  17. "Clarence Williams (Great Original Performances 1927 to 1934)". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
  18. The Dictionary of Modern Proverbs. Yale University Press. May 22, 2012. ISBN   978-0300183351 via Google Books.