| United States Attorney for the
Northern District of Illinois
|Lyndon B. Johnson
|William J. Bauer
Thomas Aquinas Foran
|August 6,2000 76) (aged
| College of the Holy Cross
Loyola University,Chicago (BA)
University of Detroit (LLB)
|United States Navy
|World War II
Thomas Aquinas Foran (January 11,1924 –August 6,2000)was a United States Attorney best known as the chief prosecutor in the Chicago Seven conspiracy trial in which seven defendants,including Jerry Rubin,Abbie Hoffman,David Dellinger,Rennie Davis,and Tom Hayden,were charged with inciting riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Foran also prosecuted several police officers caught on film beating the protestors with clubs.
Foran was born in Chicago,Illinois,on January 11,1924.His parents were a physician and former high school teacher. He attended Quigley Preparatory Seminary and St. Ignatius High School and began studying at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester,Massachusetts. He interrupted his college education to serve as a torpedo bomber pilot in the Pacific in World War II. After the war,he graduated with a bachelor's degree in philosophy from Loyola University Chicago and received his law degree at the University of Detroit School of Law in 1950. He married Jean Foran and the couple had six children.
Foran was a senior partner in Foran &Schultz (formerly Foran,Wiss &Schultz),the firm he founded in 1957.The other senior partners were Robert E. Wiss,who died in 1995,and Richard G. Schultz. In private practice,he established a reputation as an expert in eminent domain law,representing the city of Chicago in major public works projects,but he also acted as counsel for property owners. Foran became an assistant corporate counsel for Chicago in 1962.
Foran was appointed a United States Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois in 1968 with the support of the Chicago mayor,Richard M. Daley.He professionalized the office and shifted the office away from patronage. While in this role,he successfully prosecuted more than 150 organized crime figures,including Felix Alderisio,Jackie Cerone,Fiore Buccieri,Richard Cain and William Daddano. In 1969,he was the chief prosecutor of the Chicago Seven conspiracy trial which charged seven defendants,including Jerry Rubin,Abbie Hoffman,David Dellinger,Rennie Davis,and Tom Hayden,with inciting riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. He was later censured by a United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit panel "for their open hostility toward the defendants and their failure to fulfill 'the standards of our system of justice'".
In the 1970 special election,Foran was a campaign aide for Adlai Stevenson III.In the 1980s,Tom Foran represented former Governor Dan Walker in his bank fraud case.
He died of cancer in Lake Forest,Illinois,on August 6,2000.
Harris Yulin played Foran in the 1987 film Conspiracy:The Trial of the Chicago 8 ,and in the animated 2007 film Chicago 10 ,Foran's voice was provided by Nick Nolte. He was portrayed by Steven Culp in the 2010 film The Chicago 8 and by J. C. MacKenzie in the 2020 film, The Trial of the Chicago 7 .
Gary Houston played Foran in the 1992 stage adaptation from transcripts titled The Chicago Conspiracy Trial and produced by Remains Theatre in Chicago.
Abbot Howard Hoffman was an American political and social activist who co-founded the Youth International Party ("Yippies") and was a member of the Chicago Seven. He was also a leading proponent of the Flower Power movement.
Jerry Clyde Rubin was an American social activist,anti-war leader,and counterculture icon during the 1960s and early 1970s. Despite being known for holding radical views when he was a political activist,he ceased holding his more extreme views at some point in the 1970s and instead opted for a successful career as a businessman. In the 1960s,during his political activism heyday,he was known for being one of the co-founders of the Youth International Party (YIP) whose members were referred to as Yippies,and standing trial in the Chicago Seven case.
Julius Jennings Hoffman was an American attorney and jurist who served as a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. He presided over the Chicago Seven trial.
David T. Dellinger was an American pacifist and an activist for nonviolent social change. He achieved peak prominence as one of the Chicago Seven,who were put on trial in 1969.
The Chicago Seven,originally the Chicago Eight and also known as the Conspiracy Eight or Conspiracy Seven,were seven defendants –Rennie Davis,David Dellinger,John Froines,Tom Hayden,Abbie Hoffman,Jerry Rubin,and Lee Weiner –charged by the United States Department of Justice with conspiracy,crossing state lines with intent to incite a riot,and other charges related to anti-Vietnam War and 1960s counterculture protests in Chicago,Illinois during the 1968 Democratic National Convention. The Chicago Eight became the Chicago Seven after the case against co-defendant Bobby Seale was declared a mistrial.
Rennard Cordon Davis was an American anti-war activist who gained prominence in the 1960s. He was one of the Chicago Seven defendants charged for anti-war demonstrations and large-scale protests at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. He had a prominent organizational role in the American anti–Vietnam War protest movement of the 1960s.
Carol Ronen is an American politician who served as a Democratic member of both houses of the Illinois General Assembly.
Lee Weiner is an author and member of the Chicago Seven who was charged with "conspiring to use interstate commerce with intent to incite a riot" and "teaching demonstrators how to construct incendiary devices that would be used in civil disturbances" at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. He was acquitted of all charges by the jury and convicted on seven charges of criminal contempt that were later overturned on appeal. In 2020,Weiner published a memoir,Conspiracy to Riot:The Life and Times of One of the Chicago 7.
Ronald A. Wait is a former Republican member of the Illinois House of Representatives,representing the 69th district from 1995 to 2011. He previously served as a member in the Illinois House of Representatives from 1983 to 1993.
Chicago 10:Speak Your Peace is a 2007 American animated documentary written and directed by Brett Morgen that tells the story of the Chicago Eight. The Chicago Eight were charged by the United States federal government with conspiracy,crossing state lines with intent to incite a riot,and other charges related to anti-Vietnam War and countercultural protests in Chicago,Illinois during the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
Terry Lee Bruce is an American politician,lawyer,and educator from Illinois.
Ron Stephens is a former Republican member of the Illinois House of Representatives,representing the 102nd district from 1985 to 1991,and from 1993 until 2011 when he announced his retirement. The district includes portions of Bond County,Madison County,Effingham County,Fayette County and St. Clair County. He was the Assistant Republican Leader in the state House until his retirement.
Carolyn H. Krause was a Republican member of the Illinois House of Representatives,and represented the 66th district from 1993 to her retirement in 2009.
The 1968 Democratic National Convention protests were a series of protests against Democratic presidential nominee Hubert Humphrey and the United States' involvement in the Vietnam War that took place prior to and during the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago,Illinois. The protests lasted approximately seven days,from August 23 to August 29,1968.
David C. Harris an American politician and retired military officer from Illinois who is currently the director the Illinois Department of Revenue. He has previously served two tenures as a Republican member of the Illinois House of Representatives from 1983–1993 and 2011–2019 and as the Adjutant General of Illinois from 1999 to 2003.
Charles Bernardini is an American attorney and politician who served in local office in Chicago. He was an alderman of Chicago's 43rd Ward from 1993 to 1999.
Conspiracy:The Trial of the Chicago 8 is a 1987 HBO original courtroom drama made for television and directed,written and produced by Jeremy Kagan. The film tells the story of the 1969 - 70 trial of the Chicago Eight,and is adapted from the trial transcripts and a play The Chicago Conspiracy Trial by Ron Sossi and Frank Condon.
The Trial of the Chicago 7 is a 2020 American historical legal drama film written and directed by Aaron Sorkin. The film follows the Chicago Seven,a group of anti–Vietnam War protesters charged with conspiracy and crossing state lines with the intention of inciting riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. It features an ensemble cast including Yahya Abdul-Mateen II,Sacha Baron Cohen,Daniel Flaherty,Joseph Gordon-Levitt,Michael Keaton,Frank Langella,John Carroll Lynch,Eddie Redmayne,Noah Robbins,Mark Rylance,Alex Sharp,Ben Shenkman,and Jeremy Strong.
Joseph Raymond Callahan was an American farmer,businessman,and politician.
Robert Edward Wiss was a lawyer who served as a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces from 1992 until his death in 1995. He retired from the United States Naval Reserve Judge Advocate General's Corps as a rear admiral in 1988.