Tom Howard (photographer)

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Tom Howard
Tom Howard photographer.jpg
Howard (center) wearing the camera he used to take the photo of Ruth Snyder's execution c. 1928 [1]
Born
Thomas James Howard Jr.

(1894-09-11)September 11, 1894
DiedOctober 8, 1961(1961-10-08) (aged 67)
Chicago, Illinois, US
NationalityAmerican
OccupationPhotographer
Spouse
Helen M. Walsh
(m. 1929;died 1958)
Relatives

Thomas James Howard Jr. (September 11, 1894 – 8 October 1961) [2] was an American photographer who worked at the Washington bureau of P. & A. Photographs during the 1920s. His photograph of the execution of Ruth Snyder in the electric chair at Sing Sing Prison, on January 12, 1928, has been called "the most famous tabloid photo of the decade". [3]

Contents

The execution photo

Photographers are not permitted into executions in the United States, so the New York Daily News , determined to secure a photograph, resorted to subterfuge. They brought in Howard, who was not known to the prison warders or journalists in the New York area. He arrived early and, passing himself in by posing as a writer, he took up a vantage position so as to be able to take pictures with the help of a miniature camera that he had strapped to his right ankle. The camera had a single photographic plate that was linked by cable to the shutter release concealed within his jacket. When Snyder's body shook from the jolt, Howard pressed the shutter release, exposing the plate. The image appeared to have caught the subject in motion from the execution, which added to the already dramatic scene.

Tom Howard's photo of Ruth Snyder's execution, on January 12, 1928, was published the following day on the front page of the New York Daily News. Snyder chair.jpg
Tom Howard's photo of Ruth Snyder's execution, on January 12, 1928, was published the following day on the front page of the New York Daily News .

The photograph was published the next day on the front page of the paper under the banner headline "DEAD!"; Howard gained overnight popularity, and was paid very well for the image. Thereafter he worked in newspaper photography in Washington and Chicago, retiring as chief photographer for the Chicago Sun-Times in 1961, the year of his death. He had been in semi-retirement since 1951 following a heart attack. [2]

The camera Howard used to snap the shot is part of the collection of the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. [4]

The state attempted to prosecute Howard and the newspaper, but nothing ever came of it. For many years afterwards witnesses to executions were searched and asked to hold up their hands so they could not operate hidden cameras.

Personal life

Howard's grandson is actor George Wendt, and his great-grandson is actor and comedian Jason Sudeikis. [5] His wife, Helen, died in 1958.

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References

  1. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/how-a-new-york-tabloid-captured-the-first-photograph-of-an-execution-by-the-electric-chair-180981432/
  2. 1 2 "Tom Howard Dies: Photographer, 68" (PDF), The New York Times (paywall), New York, New York, 9 October 1961, retrieved 16 May 2012
  3. This Fabulous Century: 1920–1930, vol. 3, Time-Life Books, 1969, p. 184, ISBN   0-8094-5766-0
  4. "Tom Howard's Ankle Camera". National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
  5. Kogan, Rick (28 July 2010), Loretta M. Wendt, 1922–2010: Mother of 'Cheers' star created hospital's humor outreach program, Chicago, Illinois: Chicago Tribune, retrieved 11 May 2012