Tom Karen

Last updated

Tom Karen

OBE
Born(1926-03-20)20 March 1926
Died31 December 2022(2022-12-31) (aged 96)
NationalityBritish
Alma mater Loughborough College
OccupationIndustrial designer
TitleManaging director and chief designer of Ogle Design
Term1962–1999
Bond Bug Bond Bug 3 Wheeler - Flickr - mick - Lumix(1).jpg
Bond Bug
Bond Bug, rear view Terenure, Co. Dublin - Ireland (6038296794).jpg
Bond Bug, rear view
Karen's sketches of the 1970s Chopper bike are held in the Victoria and Albert Museum 2016 August Bike of the month Humber Chopper MK1 3 speed 1971.jpg
Karen's sketches of the 1970s Chopper bike are held in the Victoria and Albert Museum
Ogle Aston Martin show car Aston Martin Ogle (10962810574).jpg
Ogle Aston Martin show car

Thomas Josef Derrick Paul Karen OBE (20 March 1926 – 31 December 2022) was a British industrial designer. He was managing director and chief designer of Ogle Design from 1962 until 1999. Karen oversaw design of the Bush Radio TR130 radio, the Raleigh Chopper although Ian Oakley's famous envelope sketch which came to light in 2018 shows that he was largely responsible for the design, the Bond Bug, the Reliant Scimitar GTE, the Anadol A1 (FW5), a series of lorry cabs for Leyland, and the Marble Run toy (sold by Kiddicraft). [1]

Contents

Early life

Karen was born as Thomas Kohn in Vienna on 20 March 1926, [2] [3] to a Jewish father and a Catholic mother, [3] and went to school in Brno. The family left Czechoslovakia in 1939, [4] and Karen reached England in 1942. He studied aeronautical engineering at Loughborough College.

Career

Karen worked for Hunting Percival, makers of the Proctor and the Provost trainer, then the Air Registration Board. He enrolled at the Central School of Arts and Crafts. [5] He joined the Ford design studio in 1955, [6] where he won The Institute of British Carriage and Automobile Manufacturers car design competition and worked on the interior trim for the Ford Anglia 105E. [7]

After leaving Ford, Karen then worked briefly for David Ogle at the formation of Ogle Design. He did not stay very long, moving to Hotpoint as Senior Designer, before moving onto Philips, where he became Product Design Manager, [8] setting up their studio for white goods. [9] While at Hotpoint he won a Design award for products he created. [10]

In 1962, Karen was invited to take charge of Ogle Design following the death of David Ogle from a car accident in Karen's design, the Ogle SX1000. [11] He was managing director and chief designer until 1999. Cars designed by Karen include the Reliant Scimitar, the Reliant Robin and its cousin the Reliant Kitten, plus the Bond Bug. During his time at Ogle, he designed Luke Skywalker's Landspeeder for the Star Wars films; the Landspeeder was built around the chassis of a Bond Bug. [12] [13] and the first Turkish car, the Anadol A1. [14] Karen designed the Triplex Aston Martin show car in 1972. [15] [16]

In 1969, Ogle Design, under Tom Karen, was given the task to design a modern caravan for the recently acquired Eccles brand of caravans for CI (Caravans International) by Sam Alper of Sprite Caravans and the relationship between Ogle and CI continued until 1975. The Eccles Amethyst was launched in 1969 at The Caravan and Camping Exhibition. [17] Seen as ‘The Caravan of the Future’ with blown plastic exterior panels, each year the interior would be tweaked to keep the look fresh and modern. The public didn’t react favourably to these radical caravan designs and following the UK’s first customer feedback campaign in the mid-1970s, the Eccles range emerged in 1976 with a radically toned-down more traditional design which became one of the best selling caravans in Britain at that time.

Ogle Design were responsible for the widely unpopular styling of the Triumph T120 and T150 and BSA A65, A75, B50ss and other BSA motorcycles introduced in 1971. Their rectangular box shaped fuel tanks were nicknamed 'bread bins' and to help clear unsold bikes in the USA, Triumph created a 'beauty kit' which consisted of a new fuel tank and side panels which reverted to the pre-1971 more rounded teardrop style and these were often retrofitted prior to sale.

Ogle Design also created the styling of the much-derided Ariel 3 three-wheel moped which helped contribute to the demise of the British motorcycle industry.

Karen on fastbacks

In March 1969, shortly after the launch of the Reliant Scimitar GTE which he had designed, and of the Ford Capri (which he did not design), Karen had the opportunity to give his opinion on fastback designs. He claimed to be "baffled" by "the case for fastbacks" because he thought there was "nothing good to be said for them except that some people think they look alright". "Aerodynamically they're lousy, headroom in the back is lousy, for visibility they're lousy, with a lot of glass they're lousy, from a weight point of view, and they give no boot access". [18]

Books

In 2010 Karen published a book, Ogle & The Bug. [19] A second, autobiographical book, Toymaker, followed in November 2020. [4]

Personal life and legacy

Karen was divorced [4] and lived in Cambridge. [20] He died on 31 December 2022, at age 96. [21] [22]

In an interview with the BBC, ex-Apple design boss Jony Ive spoke about the positive influence that meeting Karen early in his own career had on him, and described Karen's practice as "optimistic and conspicuously responsible." He went on to say, "He perfectly embodied the ideals and values of a generation of designers that took the responsibility of their profession seriously." [23]

Honours

In 2001, Karen received an honorary degree from Loughborough University. [24]

In 2018, Karen was appointed an OBE in the 2019 New Year Honours for his services to design. [25]

In 2022, Letchworth Garden City Heritage Foundation staged an exhibition of Karen's works at the Museum at One Garden City, with the displays coming from the V & A, Ogle and Karen's own collection. [26]

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Tom Karen: Designer behind 1970s' cult classics dies". BBC. 3 January 2023.
  2. "Thomas Josef Derrick Paul KAREN - Personal Appointments (free information from Companies House)". beta.companieshouse.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Utíkal před nacisty, pak navrhl papamobil. Vychází paměti návrháře Toma Karena". Česká televize (in Czech). 11 November 2020.
  4. 1 2 3 Spencer, Alex (20 November 2020). "Tom Karen: the inventor who had designs on your childhood". Cambridge Independent.
  5. "RIP Tom Karen, 1926-2022". Classic and Sports Car. 4 January 2023.
  6. Heon Stevenson (27 March 2015). British Car Advertising of the 1960s. p. 52. ISBN   9781476611303.
  7. Giles Chapman (3 January 2023). "From the Raleigh Chopper to the Reliant Scimitar, Tom Karen (1926 – 2022) was one of Britain's brightest design lights".
  8. "Philips News". The Electrical Journal. 167: 1148. 1961.
  9. "The Role of Design in the Motor Industry: A Discussion with Tom Karen of Ogle Design". International Motor Business. No. 129–132. 1987. p. 3.
  10. Central School of Art & Design (London, England). Dept. of Industrial Design (1982). Central to Design, Central to Industry: Seventy-eight Past Students in Industrial Design from the Central School of Art & Design : a Look at who They are Working for and at the Products They Have Developed. p. 77.
  11. Jeroen Booij (15 March 2009). Maximum Mini. The Definitive Book of Cars Based on the Original Mini. p. 91. ISBN   9781845841546.
  12. "The Force is strong with this three-wheeler from Preston". The Independent. 17 June 2010.
  13. "Star Wars Insider #98 Excerpt: Roger Christian". Lucasfilm. 4 December 2007. Archived from the original on 6 December 2007. Retrieved 5 December 2007.
  14. Bryan, Eric (November 2015). "Anadol, the Turkish car". Turkish Review. 5 (6): 462/467. ProQuest   1787805840.
  15. "Design Journal" (278). February 1972: 22.{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  16. "The 10 weirdest and wildest Aston Martins ever | Classic & Sports Car". www.classicandsportscar.com. Retrieved 9 February 2023.
  17. Andrew Jenkinson (15 December 2022). Caravanning in the 1970s. ISBN   9781398112100.
  18. "British in style: The Ogle design studios show the way". Motor. Vol. nbr 3483. 22 March 1969. pp. 26–32.
  19. "children books cartoon books". www.tkbooks.co.uk. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  20. Fitzpatrick, Maria (16 March 2014). "My space: Tom Karen, inventor" . Retrieved 19 October 2017 via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  21. Practical Classics Facebook Post on Tom Karen
  22. Clinton, Jane (3 January 2023). "Tom Karen, designer of Raleigh Chopper and Marble Run, dies aged 96". The Guardian.
  23. "iPhone designer Sir Jony Ive pays tribute to Tom Karen". BBC News. 11 January 2023. Retrieved 9 February 2023.
  24. "Dr Tom Karen". www.lboro.ac.uk. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  25. "No. 62507". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 2018. p. N12.
  26. "Tom Karen: Creations Summer Blockbuster Exhibition". Letchworth Garden City Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 4 January 2023.