Tom Kennedy (British politician)

Last updated

Kennedy in 1921 Tom Kennedy.jpg
Kennedy in 1921

Thomas Kennedy PC (25 December 1874 – 3 March 1954) was a British Labour politician.



Kennedy was born in Kennethmont, Aberdeenshire, and became a railway clerk. He joined the Social Democratic Federation (SDF) and soon became its organiser for Aberdeen, standing for Parliament in Aberdeen North in the 1906 and January 1910 general elections. He supported the SDF's formation of the British Socialist Party (BSP) and became its National Organiser in 1913, but in 1914 left to fight in World War I. As a supporter of the War, he left the BSP in 1916 to join the new National Socialist Party. He became the editor of the Social Democrat, successor to Justice .

His first wife, Christian Farquharson, whom he married in 1905, was also a socialist, having attended the International Socialist Congress in Paris in 1900. She died in 1917 and he subsequently remarried.

He was Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for Kirkcaldy Burghs from 1921 to 1922, from 1923 to 1931 and from 1935 to 1944 and also unsuccessfully fought the 1932 Montrose Burghs by-election. He was Scottish Labour Whip in 1921–1922 and from 1923 to 1925. He served in Government as a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury in 1924, in opposition as Deputy Chief Whip (1925–1927) and Chief Whip of the Labour Party (1927–1931) and again in Government as Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury from 1929 to 1931.

He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in the 1931 New Year Honours.

He died on 3 March 1954.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Independent Labour Party</span> British political party

The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was a British political party of the left, established in 1893 at a conference in Bradford, after local and national dissatisfaction with the Liberals' apparent reluctance to endorse working-class candidates, representing the interests of the majority. A sitting independent MP and prominent union organiser, Keir Hardie, became its first chairman.

There have been various groups in Canada that have nominated candidates under the label Labour Party or Independent Labour Party, or other variations from the 1870s until the 1960s. These were usually local or provincial groups using the Labour Party or Independent Labour Party name, backed by local labour councils made up of many union locals in a particular city, or individual trade unions. There was an attempt to create a national Canadian Labour Party in the late 1910s and in the 1920s, but these were only partly successful.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury</span> Formal title of UK governing party chief whip

The Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury is the official title of the most senior whip of the governing party in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Today, any official links between the Treasury and this office are nominal and the title of the office can be seen as a sinecure that allows the incumbent to draw a Government salary, attend Cabinet, and use a Downing Street residence, traditionally 12 Downing Street.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alfred Barnes (Labour politician)</span> British politician

Alfred John Barnes was a British Labour and Co-operative politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Walton Newbold</span>

John Turner Walton Newbold, generally known as Walton Newbold, was the first of the four Communist Party of Great Britain members to be elected as MPs in the United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Hicks (trade unionist)</span>

Ernest George Hicks was a British trades unionist and Labour Party politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Whiteley (politician)</span>

William Whiteley was the Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for Blaydon in County Durham.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Albert Inkpin</span> British communist politician (1884–1944)

Albert Samuel Inkpin, was a British communist and the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB). He served several terms in prison for political offences. In 1929 he was replaced as head of the CPGB and made head of the party's Friends of Soviet Russia organisation, a position he retained until his death.

John Joseph Jones, was a Labour Party Member of Parliament (MP).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dan Irving</span> British politician

David Daniel "Dan" Irving was a British socialist activist and Labour Party Member of Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Scurr</span>

John Scurr was an English Labour Party politician and trade union official who served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Mile End from 1923 to 1931.

John Murray was a Scottish civil servant, university administrator and Liberal Party politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Arthur Lewis</span> British politician

Thomas Arthur Lewis was a Welsh school teacher, barrister and Liberal Party politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tom Quelch</span> British journalist

Thomas Quelch (1886–1954) was a British journalist and the son of veteran Marxist Harry Quelch. a member of the British Socialist Party in the early part of the 20th century, becoming a communist activist in Great Britain in the 1920s.

James Dunlop MacDougall, also known as James McDougall, was a Scottish political activist, best known as John Maclean's leading supporter.

Frederick Victor Fisher was a British political activist.

Edward J. Pay, often known as Teddy Pay, was a British labour movement activist, who was known for his interest in rural affairs.

Joseph George Butler was a British politician and trade unionist, who served on London County Council (LCC).

Albert Edward Killip was a British socialist activist.

Hugh Hinshelwood was a Scottish communist activist and trade unionist.


    Parliament of the United Kingdom
    Preceded by Member of Parliament for Kirkcaldy Burghs
    Succeeded by
    Preceded by Member of Parliament for Kirkcaldy Burghs
    Succeeded by
    Preceded by Member of Parliament for Kirkcaldy Burghs
    Succeeded by
    Political offices
    Preceded by Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
    Succeeded by