Tom Lewis (Australian politician)

Last updated


Tom Lewis

AO
Thomas Lewis.gif
33rd Premier of New South Wales
In office
3 January 1975 23 January 1976
Monarch Elizabeth II
Deputy Sir Charles Cutler
Leon Punch
Preceded by Sir Robert Askin
Succeeded by Sir Eric Willis
Member of the New South Wales Parliament
for Wollondilly
In office
26 October 1957 7 September 1978
Preceded by Blake Pelly
Succeeded by Bill Knott
Personal details
Born
Thomas Lancelot Lewis

(1922-01-23)23 January 1922
Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Died25 April 2016(2016-04-25) (aged 94)
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s)Stephanie Spector, [1] Yutta (formerly Anton) [2]
Relations Essington Lewis (uncle)
Sandy Lewis (brother)
ParentsLancelot Ashley Lewis and Grace Margaret (Gretta) Lewis nee Laidlaw [3]
Military service
AllegianceAustralia
Branch/service Australian Army
Years of service1941–1946
Rank Australian Army OF-1b.svg Lieutenant
Unit 1st Armoured Division
2/3rd Commando Squadron
Battles/wars World War II

Thomas Lancelot Lewis AO (23 January 1922 – 25 April 2016) was a New South Wales politician, Premier of New South Wales and minister in the cabinets of Sir Robert Askin and Sir Eric Willis. He became Premier following Askin's retirement from politics and held the position until he was replaced by Willis in a party vote. Lewis was first elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for the Electoral district of Wollondilly for the Liberal Party in 1957, and served until his resignation in 1978. [4]

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2019, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Premier of New South Wales head of government for the state of New South Wales, Australia

The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly.

Robert Askin Australian politician and Premier of New South Wales

Sir Robert William Askin, GCMG, was an Australian politician and the 32nd Premier of New South Wales from 1965 to 1975, the first representing the Liberal Party. He was born in 1907 as Robin William Askin, but always disliked his first name and changed it by deed poll in 1971. Before being knighted in 1972, however, he was generally known as Bob Askin. Born in Sydney in 1907, Askin was educated at Sydney Technical High School. After serving as a bank officer and as a Sergeant in the Second World War, Askin joined the Liberal Party and was elected to the seat of Collaroy at the 1950 election.

Contents

Early life

He was born in Adelaide, the son of Lancelot Ashley and Gretta Lewis, and was educated at St Peter's College, Adelaide, from 1931 to 1940. Subsequently he managed the property of his uncle, Essington Lewis, Managing Director of BHP and Director-General of Munitions during World War II. He was a member of the Australian Imperial Force from 1940 to 1946, and served in Sydney, Celebes, Java and Borneo as a lieutenant. He was on the staff of the Embassy of Australia, Washington, D.C., from 1946 to 1951.

Adelaide City in South Australia

Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia. The demonym Adelaidean is used to denote the city and its residents.

St Peters College, Adelaide Independent primary and secondary day and boarding school in Australia

St Peter's College is an independent Anglican primary and secondary day and boarding school for boys located Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. Founded in 1847 by members of the Anglican Church of Australia, the school is noted for its history and famous alumni, including three Nobel laureates, forty-two Rhodes scholars, ten South Australian Premiers and the 2019 Australian of the Year.

Essington Lewis Australian businessman

Essington Lewis, CH was a prominent Australian industrialist. He was the Director-General of the Department of Munitions during World War II.

Early career

Lewis was elected as the member for Wollondilly representing the Liberal Party in 1957. When the Askin Government came to power in 1965, Lewis was given relatively junior portfolios of Lands and Mines. As lands minister he was responsible for setting up the National Parks and Wildlife Service in 1967. In 1970, he set up the Foundation for National Parks & Wildlife as an independent not-for-profit organisation, in order to be the fundraising arm of the National Parks and Wildlife Service. In 1972, Tourism was added to his ministerial responsibilities when Eric Willis moved to Education.

Electoral district of Wollondilly state electoral district of New South Wales, Australia

Wollondilly is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is represented by Nathaniel Smith of the Liberal Party.

Liberal Party of Australia (New South Wales Division) state division of the Liberal Party of Australia

The Liberal Party of Australia , commonly known as the New South Wales Liberals, is the state division of the Liberal Party of Australia in New South Wales. The party currently governs in New South Wales in coalition with the National Party of Australia (NSW). The party is part of the federal Liberal Party which governs nationally in Coalition with the National Party of Australia.

National Parks and Wildlife Service (New South Wales) part of the Office of Environment and Heritage (New South Wales) - the main government conservation agency in New South Wales, Australia

The National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS) was a part of the Office of Environment and Heritage - formerly the main government conservation agency in New South Wales, Australia. It is currently part of the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment.

Premier

Askin announced his resignation late in 1974, and Lewis was chosen as leader over Willis and Justice Minister John Maddison. He was sworn in on as Premier on 3 January 1975. He was elected during an uneasy time for the Liberal government, being engaged in almost daily warfare with the Whitlam Labor Government in Canberra, most notably over the Medibank health care scheme, to which New South Wales was the last state to sign. [5]

Gough Whitlam Australian politician, 21st Prime Minister of Australia

Edward Gough Whitlam was the 21st Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 1972 to 1975. The Leader of the Labor Party from 1967 to 1977, Whitlam led his party to power for the first time in 23 years at the 1972 election. He won the 1974 election before being controversially dismissed by the Governor-General of Australia, Sir John Kerr, at the climax of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis. Whitlam remains the only Australian prime minister to have his commission terminated in that manner.

Medibank Private Limited is a national private health insurer based in Australia. It is Australia's second largest health insurance provider behind Bupa with 3.8 million members, 29.1% of the market, under two brands. Previously an Australian government business enterprise, it was privatised in 2014 by the Abbott Government and now operates as a publicly listed company on the ASX.

The defining moment of the Lewis government was the decision taken by Lewis to break with convention when Whitlam appointed his Attorney-General, Lionel Murphy, a Senator from New South Wales, to the High Court of Australia. In a break with long-standing convention, Lewis refused to appoint a replacement Senator from the same party, instead appointing the 72-year-old Mayor of Albury, Cleaver Bunton. This triggered immediate outrage, not only from the Labor Party but also the executive of the Liberal party. [5]

Lionel Murphy Australian politician

Lionel Keith Murphy QC was an Australian politician and judge. He was a Senator for New South Wales from 1962 to 1975, serving as Attorney-General in the Whitlam Government, and then sat on the High Court from 1975 until his death.

High Court of Australia Highest court in Australia

The High Court of Australia is the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in Australia. It has both original and appellate jurisdiction, the power of judicial review over laws passed by the Parliament of Australia and the parliaments of the states, and the ability to interpret the Constitution of Australia and thereby shape the development of federalism in Australia.

Cleaver Ernest Bunton was a long-serving Mayor of Albury, New South Wales, Australia, who came to national prominence in 1975 when he was controversially appointed to the Senate by New South Wales Liberal Party Premier, Tom Lewis, to fill a position vacated by a Labor Party member.

By the end of 1975, Lewis' image was badly damaged and he soon lost the confidence of his party. Sentiment was growing in favour of replacing him with Sir Eric Willis. At a caucus meeting on 20 January 1976, parliamentary backbencher Neil Pickard called a spill motion, which was carried 22 votes to 11. Lewis opted not to try to regain his post, leaving Willis to take the leadership unopposed. Lewis's term as Premier came to an end on 23 January 1976, his 54th birthday. Lewis was the only non-elected non-Labor premier who did not take the Coalition into an election. [6]

Neil Pickard Australian politician

Neil Edward William Pickard was a New South Wales politician and Minister of the Crown in the cabinets of Sir Eric Willis and Nick Greiner. He was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for 26 years from 17 November 1973 to 3 May 1991 for the Liberal Party until his retirement from politics upon the abolition of his seat at the election. He was appointed NSW Agent-General in London, but was recalled soon after due to expenses abuse.

Later life

Lewis served as Willis' Minister for Local Government until May 1976, when the Liberal Government was narrowly defeated by the Labor Party. [4] In opposition Lewis did not hold any position within the Shadow Cabinet and later resigned from Parliament on 7 September 1978, the vacancy becoming one of the justifications for calling the election for 7 October 1978. At the election, his seat fell to the Labor candidate Bill Knott. [5] On his departure from parliament, he was permitted by Queen Elizabeth II, on the Governor's recommendation, to continue to use the title "The Honourable". [7]

He was made an Officer of the Order of Australia on 26 January 2000 "For service to the Parliament of New South Wales, to the environment as the founder of the National Parks and Wildlife Service of New South Wales, and to the community". [8] On 1 January 2001 he was awarded the Centenary Medal. [9] Lewis died on 25 April 2016, aged 94. [10]

Related Research Articles

John Kerr (governor-general) Governor-General of Australia

Sir John Robert Kerr, was the 18th Governor-General of Australia. He dismissed the Labor government of Gough Whitlam on 11 November 1975, marking the climax of the most significant constitutional crisis in Australian history. He had previously been the 13th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales.

Eric Willis New South Wales politician and Premier

Sir Eric Archibald Willis was an Australian politician, Cabinet Minister and the 34th Premier of New South Wales, serving from 23 January 1976 to 14 May 1976. Born in Murwillumbah in 1922, Willis was educated at Murwillumbah High School and the University of Sydney, where he obtained a Bachelor of Arts with double honours. Enlisting during the Second World War, Willis served on the homefront and later served in New Guinea and the Philippines. He continued to serve the Citizen Military Forces until 1958.

David Bruce Cowan AM was an Australian politician and Minister of the Crown in the cabinets of Tom Lewis and Sir Eric Willis. He was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for 14 years from 6 November 1965 until his resignation on 29 August 1980 and then for 13 years in the Australian House of Representatives for Lyne for the Country Party of Australia and its successors, the National Country and then National Parties.

Electoral district of Ku-ring-gai state electoral district of New South Wales, Australia

Ku-ring-gai is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. Since 2015 it has been represented by Alister Henskens of the Liberal Party. The electorate covers the suburbs and parts of the suburbs of Gordon, Hornsby, Killara, Lindfield, Normanhurst, North Turramurra, North Wahroonga, Pymble, South Turramurra, Thornleigh, Turramurra, Wahroonga, Waitara, Warrawee, and West Pymble.

John Marsden Mason is a former Australian politician, a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for 16 years.

1976 New South Wales state election

A general election for the New South Wales Legislative Assembly was held in the state of New South Wales, Australia, on Saturday 1 May 1976. The result was a narrow win for the Labor Party under Neville Wran—the party's first in the state in more than a decade.

Dick Healey New South Wales politician

Richard (Dick) Owen Healey was a New South Wales politician, ABC sports broadcaster, and minister of the crown in the cabinets of Sir Robert Askin, Tom Lewis and Sir Eric Willis. From 1973 to 1975 he was Minister for Youth and Community Services, when he was made Minister for Health, which he held until the Coalition lost office in May 1976. He was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for 19 years from 3 March 1962 until his retirement on 28 August 1981 for the Liberal Party.

Pat Morton Australian politician

Philip Henry (Pat) Morton was an Australian businessman and politician. Born in Lismore in Northern New South Wales to a prominent political family and educated at Lismore High School, Morton left school at fourteen to be employed in a legal firm, before branching out into various businesses. Moving to Sydney, Morton first entered politics in 1944 as an Alderman on Mosman Municipal Council, rising to be Mayor in 1946. Morton then entered the New South Wales Legislative Assembly on 3 May 1947, representing the Electoral district of Mosman for the Liberal Party.

James Caird "Tim" Bruxner was an Australian politician who was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 3 March 1962 to 28 August 1981 and the Deputy Leader of the Country Party and its successors in New South Wales from 1975 to 1981.

Ian Ross Griffith was an Australian politician and a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1956 until 1978. He was a member of the Liberal Party and held ministerial positions in the governments of Sir Robert Askin and Eric Willis.

The Willis–Punch ministry or Willis ministry was the 70th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 34th Premier of New South Wales, the Honourable Sir Eric Willis, in a Liberal Party coalition with the Country Party of Australia, that was led by the Honourable Leon Punch, MLA.

The Askin–Cutler ministry (1965–1968) or First Askin ministry was the 62nd ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 32nd Premier, the Honourable Robin Askin, MLA, of the Liberal Party in coalition with the Country Party, led by the Honourable Charles Cutler, MLA. The ministry was the first occasion in the history of Government in New South Wales that the Liberal and Country Party formed a coalition in government. It was also the first of six occasions when Askin was Premier; and when Cutler was Deputy Premier.

The Askin–Cutler ministry (1971–1973) or Fourth Askin ministry was the 65th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 32nd Premier, the Honourable Robin Askin, MLA, of the Liberal Party in coalition with the Country Party, led by the Honourable Charles Cutler, MLA. It was the fourth of six occasions when Askin was Premier; and when Cutler was Deputy Premier.

The Askin–Cutler ministry (1973) or Fifth Askin ministry was the 66th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 32nd Premier, the Honourable Sir Robert Askin, of the Liberal Party in coalition with the Country Party, led by the Honourable Sir Charles Cutler. It was the fifth of six occasions when Askin was Premier; and when Cutler was Deputy Premier.

The Askin–Cutler ministry (1973–1975) or Sixth Askin ministry was the 67th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 32nd Premier, the Honourable Sir Robert Askin, of the Liberal Party in coalition with the Country Party, led by the Honourable Sir Charles Cutler. It was the sixth and final occasion when Askin was Premier; and when Cutler served as Deputy Premier to Askin.

The Lewis–Cutler ministry or First Lewis ministry was the 68th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 33rd Premier, the Honourable Tom Lewis, of the Liberal Party in coalition with the Country Party, led by the Honourable Sir Charles Cutler. It was the first of two occasions when Lewis was Premier; and the seventh and final occasion when Cutler served as Deputy Premier.

The Lewis–Punch ministry or Second Lewis ministry was the 69th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 33rd Premier, the Honourable Tom Lewis, of the Liberal Party in coalition with the Country Party, led by the Honourable Leon Punch. It was the first of two occasions when Lewis was Premier; and the first of two occasions when Punch served as Deputy Premier.

Frederick Maclean ("Mac") Hewitt, was an Australian company director and politician. He was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council for the 21 years from 1955 to 1976 representing the Liberal Party, serving as Leader of the Liberal Party in the council as well as on the Askin cabinet as Minister for Child and Social Welfare and later as Minister for Labour and Industry. He continued to serve in the Lewis and Willis cabinets in the portfolios of Labour and Industry, Consumer Affairs and Federal Affairs. Following the Coalition loss at the 1976 election, Hewitt continued to serve as Deputy Leader of the Opposition and leader of the Liberal Party in the council until his retirement, before his death a few months later.

References

  1. Thomas Lancelot Lewis Treasurers, The Treasury, NSW Government Archived 9 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  2. "Tom Lewis and his family". The Australian Women's Weekly . 42 (27). 4 December 1974. p. 2. Retrieved 27 April 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  3. Roger, André (2000). "Lewis, Grace Margaret (Gretta) (1892–1968)". Australian Dictionary of Biography . Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  4. 1 2 "The Hon. Thomas Lancelot Lewis (1922-2016)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 Federation Press, The Premiers of New South Wales 1856–2005 – Volume 2, 1901–2005 (Syd, 2005)pg 387–399
  6. Hancock, Ian (2007). The Liberals: The NSW Division 1945-2000. Sydney: Federation Press. pg 155. ISBN   978-1-86287-659-0.
  7. "No. 46930". The London Gazette . 8 June 1976. p. 8115.
  8. Officer of the Order of Australia, AO, 26 January 2000, itsanhonour.gov.au
  9. Centenary Medal, 1 January 2001, itsanhonour.gov.au
  10. "Former NSW premier Tom Lewis dies". AAP. 27 April 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.

 

New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
Blake Pelly
Member for Wollondilly
1957–1978
Succeeded by
Bill Knott
Political offices
Preceded by
Keith Compton
Minister for Lands
1965–1975
Succeeded by
Milton Morris
Preceded by
Jim Simpson
Minister for Mines
1965–1967
Succeeded by
Wal Fife
Preceded by
Eric Willis
as Minister for Tourism and Sport
Minister for Tourism
1972–1975
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Cutler
Preceded by
Sir Robert Askin
Premier of New South Wales
1975–1976
Succeeded by
Sir Eric Willis
Treasurer of New South Wales
1975–1976
Preceded by
Col Fisher
Minister for Local Government
1976
Succeeded by
Harry Jensen
Party political offices
Preceded by
Sir Robert Askin
Leader of the New South Wales Liberal Party
1975–1976
Succeeded by
Sir Eric Willis