Tom Loftin Johnson (artist)

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Tom Loftin Johnson
Archives of American Art - Tom Loftin Johnson - 2982.jpg
Tom Loftin Johnson in 1938
Born(1900-10-05)October 5, 1900
DiedJune 25, 1963(1963-06-25) (aged 62)
Education École des Beaux-Arts
Yale School of Art
OccupationArtist, Educator
Employer West Point
Known forPanorama of Military History at West Point
American Pieta at the Carnegie Museum of Art
Murals at Fort Niagara State Park
TitleMajor

Major Tom Loftin Johnson (October 5, 1900 – June 25, 1963) was an American painter and an art teacher at West Point. He created public murals – the largest of which was 70 feet (21 m) long. His American Pietà painting, which won $1,000 in the 1941 Carnegie International contest, was intended to highlight the race problem in the United States. A Pietà is meant to show the Virgin Mary holding the crucified Jesus. In Johnson's American Pietà, the black mother holds her lynched son whilst others hide his tortured body.

Contents

Biography

Tom Loftin Johnson was born in Denver, Colorado, in October 1900. [1] [2] He was trained at the Yale School of Art, where he illustrated campus humor magazine The Yale Record . [3] After Yale, he trained at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. [4]

Johnson's father, Henry V. Johnson, [1] [2] was Mayor of Denver during 1899–1901, and his father's cousin, the like-named Tom L. Johnson, was Mayor of Cleveland during 1901–1909. [5]

Johnson married Sophie Connett in 1928; he died in June 1963 in New York City. [2] It is said that Johnson requested that his remains be placed with a plaque on his West Point mural with the inscription: "He gave his best to West Point". To date, this has not been done, even when the mural was restored in 2006. [6]

Works

Johnson during a celebration of his work Archives of American Art - Tom Loftin Johnson - 2180.jpg
Johnson during a celebration of his work

Johnson is known for the government-funded murals he created during the Depression. Panorama of Military History, at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, is probably his best-known work, [4] covering the south wall, with Edward Shepherd Creasy's Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World . [7] This is the largest American mural using egg tempera. The 70-foot-long (21 m) mural required the yolks of 35 dozen fresh eggs mixed with oil to make the paint. [8] Johnson was paid $30 a week and his assistant $20. Johnson chose the 20 globally most important battles including those that featured Napoleon, Joan of Arc, and Hannibal. [9]

American Pieta - Carnegie Museum of Art American Pieta Loftin Johnson.jpg
American PietaCarnegie Museum of Art

Johnson also painted five murals at The Officer's Club at Fort Niagara State Park, which commemorate the history of the 28th regiment from its founding in 1905. [4]

Johnson won $1,000 in the Carnegie International Art contest of 1941. Because the Second World War was in full progress, the committee had been obliged to accept only the 5,000 American entries. Although some considered that the entries were poor, it was Johnson who was chosen as the winner. He had entered a painting called American Pietà, which instead of showing the Virgin Mary cradling the crucified Jesus, showed an African American family group after it had just been given back the body of a lynched man. [10] The painting was unapologetically anti-racist and documented the pain of the people involved, showing the grief and giving indications of the sadistic castrations that usually accompanied racial lynchings. [10]

Notes

  1. An online image shows that his gravestone in Denver's Fairmount Cemetery reads "Tom Loftin Johnson – Born Denver, Colorado 1900 – Died Mt. Kisco, New York 1963". Mount Kisco is approximately 30 miles (48 km) north of New York City.

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References

  1. 1 2 "U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925 for Tom Loftin Johnson" . United States Department of State. August 15, 1923. Retrieved September 15, 2020 via Ancestry.com. I, Tom Loftin Johnson... solemnly swear I was born at Denver, in the State of Colorado, on or about the 5th day of October, 1900, that my father, Henry V. Johnson, was born in Kentucky and is now residing at Denver, Colorado.
  2. 1 2 3 "A calendar of the papers of TOM LOFTIN JOHNSON, 1900 - 1963" (PDF). processed by Alfred G. Trump. State Historical Society of Colorado. August 1968. Retrieved September 15, 2020 via historycolorado.org.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. Johnson, Tom Loftin (May 1920). Cover Illustration. The Yale Record. New Haven: Yale Record.
  4. 1 2 3 The Officers Club, at Fort Niagara State Park, accessed December 2011
  5. "Tailors Work To Demand". The Hutchinson News . Hutchinson, Kansas. February 16, 1942. p. 3. Retrieved September 15, 2020 via newspapers.com.
  6. "Class of 76 reunion". West Point. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  7. Waugh, Elizabeth (1944). West Point. Macmillan.
  8. "Art: World's Arms". Time magazine . July 20, 1936. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved December 29, 2011.
  9. Isenhour, Jack (2003). Same Knight, Different Channel: Basketball legend Bob Knight at West Point and today. ISBN   978-1-57488-634-4.
  10. 1 2 3 Tapla, Ruby C (2011). American Pietas: Visions of Race, Death, and the Maternal p.10. p. 240. ISBN   978-0-8166-5311-9.