Toma Cozma Church

Last updated
Toma Cozma Church Biserica Toma Cozma 03.JPG
Toma Cozma Church

The Toma Cozma Church (Romanian : Biserica Toma Cozma) is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 4 Școalei Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to Thomas the Apostle and to Catherine of Alexandria.

The church was built in 1807 on the west face of Muntenimii Hill, offering a view over the northwestern part of the city. The initial ktitor s were Toma Cozma and his wife Ecaterina; he was a local boyar who steadily rose through the ranks: șetrar, medelnicer, paharnic and ban . [1] It has been suggested that he was of Roma origin. [2] The church he built was small and simple in form, without spires. [1] It was made a metochion of Iviron on Mount Athos, and was known as the church of the potters' guild. [2] The next ktitorissa, Maria Anastasiu Apostol Ketreanca, added a bell tower during an 1847 reparation, as attested on a plaque on the western wall. [1] It is this inscription that notes the 1807 construction date. However, the icon of Saint Thomas, to the right of the entrance, shows the ktitor as a paharnic, indicating a date for the icon before 1806, when he was elevated to ban. As icons were ordered near the point of a church's completion, it is possible the building was finished around 1804. Maria also expanded the vestibule, built a space for vestments on the south facade and a surrounding wall. [2]

Part of the vestibule ceiling collapsed in 1924. Repairs were undertaken in 1930-1932: the spire was rebuilt in brick, while exterior buttresses and an interior balcony for the choir were added. [1] During World War II, the church was located in the vicinity of where German troops were quartered. On August 20, 1944, it was bombed and the altar area collapsed in flames. [1] [2] Repairs took place between 1950 and 1954. Following the 1977 Vrancea earthquake, the bell tower was reinforced in 1980-1982. The church is made of stone, in a trefoil plan, with two powerful buttresses. The altar and side apses are circular on the interior and exterior. There is a small foyer. [1]

A primary school functioned near the church during the 19th century, giving rise to the name of the street on which it is located. Also, a boys' primary school where Ion Creangă taught was temporarily housed there. [1] Eunuchs from the Păcurari district formed part of the congregation. [2] The Toma Cozma Popular Athenaeum was housed in the church in the first part of the 20th century. This institution hosted cultural meetings, edited a magazine, founded lecture halls and ran a choir and theater troupe. [1] In 1929, it raised a monument to Mihai Eminescu that since 1957 has sat near the Central University Library. [2] A. D. Xenopol was baptized in the church. [1] The church walls feature nine large icons in 1837 by the Italian Giovanni Schiavoni, and ordered by Veniamin Costache. Another, showing Ss. Peter and John, is by Octav Băncilă. [2] The church's property includes liturgical objects such as a Gospel Book and 19th-century communion boxes, censers and crosses; sculpted candlesticks, pulpits and choirs; the carved oak iconostasis, richly ornamented and painted with neo-Byzantine icons; and the altar, with old icons and valuable liturgical books. [1] It is rumored that in the past, the church owned a fragment of the Virgin Mary's dress and of Christ's burial shroud. On the northern part of the churchyard, there is a common grave set up after World War II and marked by a cross. [2]

The church is listed as a historic monument by Romania's Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs, as is the parish house, which dates to the end of the 19th century. [3]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 (in Romanian) Short history at the Toma Cozma parish site
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 (in Romanian) Andi Emanuel Mihalache, History at the Iași County Cultural Office site
  3. (in Romanian) Lista Monumentelor Istorice 2010: Județul Iași

Coordinates: 47°10′25″N27°33′54″E / 47.1735°N 27.5650°E / 47.1735; 27.5650

Related Research Articles

Nativity of St. John the Baptist Church, Piatra Neamț

The Nativity of St. John the Baptist Church, located at 2 Piața Libertății, Piatra Neamț, Romania, is a Romanian Orthodox church. Established by Prince Stephen the Great of Moldavia, it was built in 1497-1498 as part of his royal court in the town. The bell tower dates to the year after the church was completed, and is a symbol of the city. Both church and tower are well preserved examples of late 15th century Moldavian religious architecture.

Batiștei Church heritage site in Bucharest, Romania

Batiștei Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 21 Batiștei Street, Bucharest, Romania.

Saint Spyridon Church, Iași heritage site in Iași County, Romania

Saint Spyridon Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 1 Independenței Boulevard in Iași, Romania. Dedicated to Saint Spyridon, its history is linked to that of the nearby Sfântul Spiridon Hospital.

Talpalari Church heritage site in Iași County, Romania

The Talpalari Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 3 Tălpălari Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to the Nativity of Mary and to Elijah.

Saint Lazarus Church, Iași heritage site in Iași County, Romania

Saint Lazarus Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 1 Dimitrie Gusti Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to Lazarus of Bethany and to Catherine of Alexandria.

Nicoriță Church heritage site in Iași County, Romania

The Nicoriță Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 1 Nicoriță Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to Saint John the New of Suceava.

Saint Sabbas Church, Iași heritage site in Iași County, Romania

Saint Sabbas Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 44 Costache Negri Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to Saint Sabbas the Sanctified.

Presentation of Mary Church, Iași

The Presentation of Mary Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 11 Vovidenia Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to the Presentation of Mary.

Three Holy Hierarchs Chapel a Romanian Orthodox chapel in laşi, Romania

The Three Holy Hierarchs Chapel is a Romanian Orthodox chapel located at 46 Mihail Sadoveanu Alley in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to the Three Holy Hierarchs.

Annunciation Church, Iași heritage site in Iași County, Romania

The Annunciation Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 12 Sulfinei Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to the Annunciation.

Saint George-Lozonschi Church heritage site in Iași County, Romania

Saint George-Lozonschi Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 2 Cloșca Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to Saint George and Saint Catherine of Alexandria.

The Socola Mică Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 9 Socola Lane in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to the Nativity of Mary, Athanasius of Alexandria and Cyril of Alexandria.

Ss. Theodore Church heritage site in Iași County, Romania

Ss. Theodore Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 14 Sfântul Teodor Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to Saints Theodore of Amasea and Theodore Stratelates.

Banu Church heritage site in Iași County, Romania

The Banu Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 9 Banu Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to All Saints' Day.

Saint Parascheva Church, Iași heritage site in Iași County, Romania

Saint Parascheva Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 6 Păcurari Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to Parascheva of the Balkans.

Ss. Athanasius and Cyrill Church

Ss. Athanasius and Cyrill Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 20 Sfântul Atanasie Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to Saints Athanasius of Alexandria and Cyril of Alexandria.

Mitocul Maicilor heritage site in Iași County, Romania

Mitocul Maicilor is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 1 Trianon Passageway in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to Parascheva of the Balkans and to Anthony the Great.

Saint Nicholas Princely Church heritage site in Iași County, Romania

Saint Nicholas Princely Church is a Romanian Orthodox church located at 65 Anastasie Panu Street in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to Saint Nicholas.

Assumption of Mary Church, Iași heritage site in Iași County, Romania

The Assumption of Mary Church is a Roman Catholic church located at 26 Ștefan cel Mare și Sfânt Boulevard in Iași, Romania. It is dedicated to the Assumption of Mary.

Tazlău Monastery is a Romanian Orthodox Christian monastery located at 188 Ștefan cel Mare Street, Tazlău, Neamț County, Romania.