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Tomasz Młodzianowski (coat of arms Dąbrowa) (born 21 December 1622 near Ciechanów, died 3 or 9 October 1686 in Wolbrom) was a Polish Jesuit, preacher and writer.
A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon, surcoat, or tabard. The coat of arms on an escutcheon forms the central element of the full heraldic achievement which in its whole consists of shield, supporters, crest, and motto. A coat of arms is traditionally unique to an individual person, family, state, organization or corporation.
Dąbrowa is a Polish coat of arms originated from the Duchy of Masovia.
He was a member of Mazovian yeomanry (drobna szlachta). In 1637 he begun the Jesuit novitiate. In 1648 he received the holy orders. From 1654 to 1656 he was a missionary in Isfahan. While coming back he visited the Holy Land. He has been a lecturer in the colleges in various cities of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and a chaplain. In 1673 he became the deputy provincial. From 1680 to 1683 he was the rector in the well-known college in Poznań. After his death king John III Sobieski said: The order of the Society has a great loss in this man. He was buried in the church of saint Peter and Paul in Kraków.
Mazovia is a historical region in mid-north-eastern Poland. It spans the North European Plain, roughly between Lodz and Bialystok, with Warsaw being the unofficial capital and largest city. Throughout the centuries, Mazovia developed a separate sub-culture featuring diverse folk songs, architecture, dress and traditions different to those of other Poles.
Yeomanry is a designation used by a number of units or sub-units of the British Army Reserve, descended from volunteer cavalry regiments. Today, Yeomanry units serve in a variety of different military roles.
The novitiate, also called the noviciate, is the period of training and preparation that a Christian novice monastic, apostolic, or member of a religious order undergoes prior to taking vows in order to discern whether he or she is called to vowed religious life. It often includes times of intense study, prayer, living in community, studying the vowed life, deepening one's relationship with God, and deepening one's self-awareness. It is a time of creating a new way of being in the world. The novitiate stage in most communities is a two-year period of formation. These years are "Sabbath time" to deepen one's relationship with God, to intensify the living out of the community's mission and charism, and to foster human growth. The novitiate experience for many communities includes a concentrated program of prayer, study, reflection and limited ministerial engagement.
He won the fame of a great preacher. In 1674 he was speaking in the coronation mass of John III Sobieski. He has written down 73 homilies and 179 sermons. He used to publish occasional speeches separately. The rest is collected in his Kazania i Homilie (Poznań 1681), with over 2,000 pages in folio in four volumes. He used to avoid macaronic language, speak clearly, make the lecture interesting through concepts, explain abstract ideas to the audience (e.g. comparing the apostles to the MPs), include proverbs. His other works are:
John III Sobieski was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1674 until his death, and one of the most notable monarchs of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
A homily is a commentary that follows a reading of scripture. In Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, and Eastern Orthodox Churches, a homily is usually given during Mass at the end of the Liturgy of the Word. Many people consider it synonymous with a sermon.
A sermon is an oration or lecture by a preacher. Sermons address a scriptural, theological, religious, or moral topic, usually expounding on a type of belief, law, or behavior within both past and present contexts. Elements of the sermon often include exposition, exhortation, and practical application. The act of delivering a sermon is known as preaching.
A handbook is a type of reference work, or other collection of instructions, that is intended to provide ready reference. The term originally applied to a small or portable book containing information useful for its owner, but the Oxford English Dictionary defines the current sense as "any book...giving information such as facts on a particular subject, guidance in some art or occupation, instructions for operating a machine, or information for tourists."
Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine. It is taught as an academic discipline, typically in universities and seminaries.
Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras. Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation. Classic philosophical questions include: Is it possible to know anything and to prove it? What is most real? Philosophers also pose more practical and concrete questions such as: Is there a best way to live? Is it better to be just or unjust? Do humans have free will?
Mikołaj Łęczycki, in Latin Nicolaus Lancicius was a Polish Jesuit, Catholic theologian, writer and mystic.
Kasper Drużbicki or Gaspar Druzbicius was a Polish Jesuit and ascetic writer.
Daniel Pawłowski – Polish Jesuit, theological writer.
Kasper Niesiecki, also known as Kacper Niesiecki, was a Polish heraldist, Jesuit, lexicographer, writer, theologian and preacher.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. With a population of 581,980 inhabitants as of 2017 it is Germany's tenth most populous city. Leipzig is located about 160 kilometres (99 mi) southwest of Berlin at the confluence of the White Elster, Pleiße and Parthe rivers at the southern end of the North German Plain.
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Michael I was the ruler of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from September 29, 1669 until his death in 1673. Michael's reign was marked by struggles between the pro-Habsburg and pro-French political factions.
The Battle of Vienna took place at Kahlenberg Mountain near Vienna on 12 September 1683 after the imperial city had been besieged by the Ottoman Empire for two months. The battle was fought by the Habsburg Monarchy, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Holy Roman Empire, under the command of King John III Sobieski against the Ottomans and their vassal and tributary states. The battle marked the first time the Commonwealth and the Holy Roman Empire had cooperated militarily against the Ottomans, and it is often seen as a turning point in history, after which "the Ottoman Turks ceased to be a menace to the Christian world". In the ensuing war that lasted until 1699, the Ottomans lost almost all of Hungary to the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I.
Mehmed IV was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. He came to the throne at the age of six after his father was overthrown in a coup. Mehmed went on to become the second longest reigning sultan in Ottoman history after Suleiman the Magnificent. While the first and last years of his reign were characterized by military defeat and political instability, during his middle years he oversaw the revival of the empire's fortunes associated with the Köprülü era. Mehmed IV was known by contemporaries as a particularly pious ruler, and was referred to as gazi, or "holy warrior" for his role in the many conquests carried out during his long reign. Under his reign the empire reached the height of its territorial expansion in Europe. From a young age he developed a keen interest in hunting, for which he is known as avcı. In 1687 Mehmed was overthrown by soldiers disenchanted by the course of the ongoing War of the Holy League. He subsequently retired to Edirne, where he resided until his natural death in 1693.
Louis Bourdaloue was a French Jesuit and preacher.
Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien, known also by the diminutive form "Marysieńka" was queen consort to King John III Sobieski, from 1674 to 1696.
Piotr Skarga was a Polish Jesuit, preacher, hagiographer, polemicist, and leading figure of the Counter-Reformation in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Due to his oratorical gifts, he has been called "the Polish Bossuet".
Sobieski is a Polish noble family name, and may refer to:
Andrzej Potocki was a Polish nobleman, magnate, politician, general and military commander. He held a number of political and military positions and was a skilled commander and successfully protected the Eastern Borderlands of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from the invading armies of Ottoman Turkey, Cossacks and Tatars.
Marek Sobieski was a Polish noble (szlachcic), starosta of Krasnystaw and Jaworów, older brother of King John III Sobieski of Poland. He graduated from Nowodworski College in Kraków and Kraków Academy, then traveled and studied in Western Europe. After returning to Poland in 1648 he fought against the Cossacks and Tatars at Zbaraż and Beresteczko. He was taken captive by Tatars in 1652 and then killed by Cossacks.
Konstanty Władysław Sobieski was a Polish prince, nobleman, politician, diplomat, scholar and the son of John III Sobieski, King of Poland, and his wife, Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien. In 1708 he married Maria Józefa Wessel.
Jerzy Siemiginowski-Eleuter was a prominent Polish painter and engraver of the Baroque style. He was court painter of king John III Sobieski and a Polish–Lithuanian noble. He is considered one of the most accomplished painters of Classical Baroque in Poland, who joined in his works classical theory with genuine motives.
Prus II Wilczekosy is a Polish coat of arms. It was used by several szlachta families in the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Jan Kazimierz Denhoff (1649–1697) was a Polish cardinal from 1686, Abbot of Mogiła (Kraków) in 1666, canon of Warsaw, Dean of Płock, a canon of Kraków in 1681 and Bishop of Cesena in 1688. He is the author of several theological works.
Justynian Niemirowicz Szczytt was a Polish nobleman (szlachcic), a chamberlain (podkomorzy) of Polotsk and a deputy to the sejm (parliament) of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Andrzej Załuski Chrysostom was a seventeenth century Polish preacher, translator, prolific writer, Chancellor of the Crown and Bishop.
Andrew Sall (1612–1682) was an Irish Jesuit, later a convert to the Church of England.
Jan Morawski – Jesuit, theological writer.