Tomasz Zan (21 December 1796 Miasata, Vileysky Uyezd, Minsk Governorate, Russian Empire (now Belarus) – 19 July 1855 Kakoŭčyna, Orsha, Russian Empire), was a Polish poet and activist.
He was born on 21 December 1796 in Miasata, Vileysky Uyezd, in the Minsk Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Belarus).
Zan attended the Vilnius University from 1820-1823, where he befriended Adam Mickiewicz, who would later become Poland's best-known poet. As Zan was two years older, he served as a mentor and friend to Mickiewicz.
In 1817 he was a cofounder of the Philomatic Association (Towarzystwo Filomatów),in 1820, Radiant Association (Towarzystwo Promienistych), in 1820-1823 president of Filaret Association (Zgromadzenie Filaretów), all of them student organizations in Vilnius dedicated to Polish cultural and political activities. For his activity in those organizations he was exiled by the Russian authorities to Siberia (from 1824 to 1837), during which time he assisted Alexander von Humboldt on his 1829 research expedition.
Between 1837 and 1841 he worked as a librarian in Saint Petersburg before returning to Vilnius.
He died on 19 July 1855 in Kakoŭčyna, Orsha, then part of the Russian Empire.
His poetry is mostly satirical, most known is the heroicomic 'Zgon tabakiery'.
Adam Bernard Mickiewicz was a Polish poet, dramatist, essayist, publicist, translator, professor of Slavic literature, and political activist. He is regarded as national poet in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. A principal figure in Polish Romanticism, he is one of Poland's "Three Bards" and is widely regarded as Poland's greatest poet. He is also considered one of the greatest Slavic and European poets and has been dubbed a "Slavic bard". A leading Romantic dramatist, he has been compared in Poland and Europe to Byron and Goethe.
Ignacy Domeyko or Domejko, pseudonym: Żegota was a Polish geologist, mineralogist, educator, and founder of the University of Santiago, in Chile. Domeyko spent most of his life, and died, in his adopted country, Chile.
Ludwik Władysław Franciszek Kondratowicz, better known as Władysław Syrokomla, was a Polish romantic poet, writer and translator working in Vilnius and Vilna Governorate, then Russian Empire.
Suwałki Region is a small region around the city of Suwałki in northeastern Poland near the border with Lithuania. It encompasses the powiats of Augustów, Suwałki, and Sejny, and roughly corresponds to the southern part of the former Suwałki Governorate. The region was disputed between Poland and Lithuania after their re-emergence as independent states following World War I. This dispute along with the Vilnius question was the cause of the Polish-Lithuanian War and the Sejny Uprising. The area has been subsequently part of Poland until today, with the exception of the German occupation during World War II. The Suwałki Region remains a center of the Lithuanian minority in Poland.
Romanticism in Poland, a literary, artistic and intellectual period in the evolution of Polish culture, began around 1820, coinciding with the publication of Adam Mickiewicz's first poems in 1822. It ended with the suppression of the January 1863 Uprising against the Russian Empire in 1864. The latter event ushered in a new era in Polish culture known as Positivism.
The Minsk Governorate or Government of Minsk was a governorate (guberniya) of the Russian Empire. The seat was in Minsk. It was created in 1793 from the land acquired in the partitions of Poland, and lasted until 1921.
The Vilna Governorate or Government of Vilnius was a governorate of the Russian Empire created after the Third Partition of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1795. It was part of the Lithuanian General Governorate, which was called the Vilnius General Governorate after 1830, and was attached to the Northwestern Krai. The seat was in Vilnius, where the Governors General resided.
The Grodno Governorate, was a governorate of the Russian Empire. It was part of the Vilna Governorate-General and Northwestern Krai.
The Mogilev Governorate or Government of Mogilev was a governorate (guberniya) of the Russian Empire in the territory of the present day Belarus. Its capital was in Mogilev, referred to as Mogilev-on-the-Dnieper, or Mogilev Gubernskiy.
Bronisław Zaleski was a Polish and Belarusian political activist, a writer and a publisher.
Aleksander Borejko Chodźko was a Polish poet, Slavist, and Iranologist.
The Philomaths, or Philomath Society, was a secret student organization that existed from 1817 to 1823 at the Imperial University of Vilnius.
Józef Jeżowski (1793-1855) was a Polish philologist and poet. Friend of Adam Mickiewicz and Tomasz Zan. Founder of the Philomatic Association, in 1824 convicted by the Russian Empire activity for pro-Polish activity and exiled into Russia. Allowed to lecture at Kazan State University and later Moscow University.
The Filaret Association was a secret student organization created in 1820 by Tomasz Zan within the Philomates following the dissolution, under pressure from Vilnius University authorities, of the Radiant Association. The Filaretes continued the latter's tradition, with the stated aims of supporting fellow students through good advice, and more unofficially, promoting Polish culture and patriotism. They had about 176 members in 1822. The Association was disbanded in 1823 following the arrests of the Philomathes.
The Adam Mickiewicz Institute is a government-sponsored organization funded by Poland's Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, and headquartered at ulica Mokotowska 25 in Warsaw.
Arkhangelsk Governorate was an administrative division of the Russian Empire and Russian SFSR, which existed from 1796 until 1929. Its seat was in Arkhangelsk. The governorate was located in the north of the Russian Empire and bordered Tobolsk Governorate in the south-east, Vologda Governorate in the south, Olonets Governorate in the southwest, Sweden in the west, and Norway in north-west. In the north, the governorate was limited by the White and Barents Seas.
Adam Hilary Kalistavich Hurynowicz was a Belarusian poet and folklorist. He was best known for his Polish, Belarusian and Russian-language poems and folkloristics.
Kazimiera Iłłakowiczówna was a Polish poet, prose writer, playwright and translator. She was one of the most acclaimed and celebrated poets during Poland's interwar period.
Kiprijonas Juozas Nezabitauskis-Zabitis was a Lithuanian Roman Catholic priest and poet. He was half-brother of Kajetonas Nezabitauskis. After studies at Vilnius University and Vilnius Priest Seminary, Nezabitauskis was ordained as a priest in 1803 and worked as a parish priest in Varniai and Veliuona. After the Uprising of 1831, he fled Tsarist persecutions first to East Prussia and then to France. In 1836, he became director of a school established by Polish émigrés in Nancy, France, but died just a year and half later.
Vileysky Uyezd was one of the subdivisions of the Vilna Governorate of the Russian Empire. It was situated in the eastern part of the governorate. Its administrative centre was Vileyka.
|This article about a poet from Poland is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|