Tomatlán, Veracruz

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Tomatlán
Mexico Veracruz Tomatlan location map.svg
Location in Veracruz
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Red pog.svg
Tomatlán
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 19°01′51″N97°00′31″W / 19.03083°N 97.00861°W / 19.03083; -97.00861 Coordinates: 19°01′51″N97°00′31″W / 19.03083°N 97.00861°W / 19.03083; -97.00861 [1]
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Flag of Veracruz.svg  Veracruz
Established18 January 1825
SeatTomatlán
Government
[2]
  PresidentNicolas Prado Morales
Area
[3]
  Total18.905 km2 (7.299 sq mi)
Elevation
[1] (of seat)
1,355 m (4,446 ft)
Population
 (2010 Census) [3]
  Total6,763
  Estimate 
(2015 Intercensal Survey) [4]
6,869
  Density360/km2 (930/sq mi)
  Seat
4,348
Time zone UTC-6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (Central)
Postal codes
94170–94178 [5]
Area code 273
Website Official website

Tomatlán (Nahuatl: "place of tomatoes" [2] ) is a municipality in the Mexican state of Veracruz, located 58 kilometres (36 mi) south of the state capital of Xalapa.

Contents

Geography

The municipality of Tomatlán is located in central Veracruz at an altitude between 1,000 and 1,500 metres (3,300–4,900 ft). It borders the municipalities of Ixhuatlán del Café to the northeast, Córdoba to the southeast, Chocamán to the southwest, and Coscomatepec de Bravo to the northwest. [6] The municipality covers an area of 18.905 square kilometres (7.299 sq mi) [3] and comprises 0.03% of the state's area. [1]

Tomatlán is located in the Jamapa River basin. Agricultural land makes up 87.04% of the municipality's area. [6]

Tomatlán's climate is humid and semi-warm with rain throughout the year. Average temperatures in the municipality range between 16 and 20 °C (61–68 °F), and average annual precipitation ranges between 1,500 and 2,000 millimetres (59–79 in). [6]

History

Located three kilometres (1.9 mi) east of the municipal seat of Tomatlán, [2] the Olmec site of La Yerbabuena dates to the Middle and Late Formative periods (c. 600–400 BCE) and has been identified as a workshop for the production of obsidian tools. [7] In the 15th century a Teochichimeca settlement called Quechultenango ("wall of quetzals") was founded in the area, which in the colonial period became known as San Miguel Quechultenango Tomatlán.

On 18 January 1825 Tomatlán was incorporated as a municipality in the state of Veracruz. It became a free municipality on 15 January 1918. [8]

Administration

The municipal government comprises a president, a councillor (Spanish: síndico), and a trustee (regidor). [2] The current president of the municipality is Nicolas Prado Morales. [9]

Demographics

In the 2010 Mexican Census, the municipality of Tomatlán recorded a population of 6763 inhabitants living in 1749 households. [10] The 2015 Intercensal Survey estimated a population of 6869 inhabitants in Tomatlán. [4]

There are 10 localities in the municipality, [1] of which only the municipal seat, also called Tomatlán, is classified as urban. It recorded a population of 4348 inhabitants in the 2010 Census. [10]

Economy

The most important economic activities in Tomatlán are sugarcane production and chicken farming, followed by coffee production and cattle farming. [11]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Sistema Nacional de Información Municipal" (in Spanish). SEGOB. 2010. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Tomatlán". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México (in Spanish). INAFED . Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 "Tomatlán: Datos generales". Cédulas de información municipal (in Spanish). SEDESOL. 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  4. 1 2 Panorama sociodemográfico de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave 2015 (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. 2016. p. 402. ISBN   978-607-739-871-4.
  5. "Consulta Códigos Postales". Catálogo Nacional de Códigos Postales. Mexican Postal Service. 23 February 2018. Archived from the original on 14 October 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  6. 1 2 3 "Compendio de Información Geográfica Municipal 2010: Tomatlán, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  7. Cobean, Robert H. (2002). A World of Obsidian: The Mining and Trade of a Volcanic Glass in Ancient Mexico. INAH. p. 163. ISBN   9789701825082.
  8. Estado de Veracruz-Llave. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 119, 306. ISBN   970-13-1517-0.
  9. "Estructura: Periodo 2018 - 2021" (in Spanish). Municipal council of Tomatlán, Veracruz. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  10. 1 2 "Resumen municipal: Municipio de Tomatlán". Catálogo de Localidades (in Spanish). SEDESOL. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  11. "Plan Municipal de Desarrollo 2011–2013" (PDF) (in Spanish). Municipal council of Tomatlán, Veracruz. p. 39. Retrieved 3 March 2018.