Tomb of Seydi Mahmut

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Tomb of Seydi Mahmut Tomb of Seydi Mahmut.jpg
Tomb of Seydi Mahmut

Tomb of Seydi Mahmut Hayrani (Turkish : Seydi Mahmut Hayrani Türbesi) is in Akşehir, Konya Province, Turkey.

Turkish language Turkic language (possibly Altaic)

Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around ten to fifteen million native speakers in Southeast Europe and sixty to sixty-five million native speakers in Western Asia. Outside Turkey, significant smaller groups of speakers exist in Germany, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe and Central Asia. Cyprus has requested that the European Union add Turkish as an official language, even though Turkey is not a member state.

Akşehir District in Turkey

Akşehir is a town and district of Konya Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 114,918 of which 63,000 live in the town of Akşehir. The town was known in the Roman and Byzantine empires as Philomelium or Philomelion respectively.

Konya Province Province of Turkey in West Anatolia

Konya Province is a province of Turkey in central Anatolia. The provincial capital is the city of Konya. By area it is the largest province of Turkey. Its traffic code is 42.

Contents

Seydi Mahmut Hayrani

Seydi Mahmut was a Sufi mystic and a follower of Mevlana (Rumi). He was born in Harran, what is now a village of Şanlıurfa Province, Turkey. He travelled to Konya and met with Mevlana. Then he travelled to Akşehir about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northwest of Konya where he died in 1268. Famous satirical figure Nasreddin Hoca was probably a follower of Seydi Mahmut. [1]

Sufism, or Taṣawwuf,, variously defined as "Islamic mysticism", "the inward dimension of Islam" or "the phenomenon of mysticism within Islam", is mysticism in Islam, "characterized ... [by particular] values, ritual practices, doctrines and institutions" which began very early in Islamic history and represents "the main manifestation and the most important and central crystallization of" mystical practice in Islam. Practitioners of Sufism have been referred to as "Sufis". Another similar idea of tasawuf in Islam is tazkiyah (تزكية).

Rumi 13th-century Persian poet

Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī, also known as Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī, Mevlânâ/Mawlānā, Mevlevî/Mawlawī, and more popularly simply as Rumi, was a 13th-century Persian poet, jurist, Islamic scholar, theologian, and Sufi mystic originally from Greater Khorasan. Rumi's influence transcends national borders and ethnic divisions: Iranians, Tajiks, Turks, Greeks, Pashtuns, other Central Asian Muslims, and the Muslims of South Asia have greatly appreciated his spiritual legacy for the past seven centuries. His poems have been widely translated into many of the world's languages and transposed into various formats. Rumi has been described as the "most popular poet" and the "best selling poet" in the United States.

Harran Place in Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey

Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 44 kilometers southeast of Şanlıurfa. The location is in a district of Şanlıurfa Province that is also named "Harran".

The tomb

Seydi Mahmut’s tomb is in the old quarter of Akşehir, (at 38°21′10″N31°24′48″E / 38.35278°N 31.41333°E / 38.35278; 31.41333 , at the foot of the Sultan Mountains to the south of the city.) There is also a mescit (small mosque) known as Ferruhşah Mosque, next to the tomb. The mescit was the temporary prison reserved for Ottoman sultan Beyazit I after his defeat in the Battle of Ankara in 1402. While the Ottoman Empire was engaged in ınterregnum following the defeat, Akşehir was incorporated into Karamanid realm and Mehmet II of Karaman rebuilt the tomb in 1409. [2]

The Sultan Mountains, also known as Sultan Dagh range or Sultan Dag, is a short mountain range on the western edge of the Anatolian Plateau, Turkey with highest elevation of 1,980 m (6,500 ft).

Mosque Place of worship for followers of Islam

A mosque is a place of worship for Muslims.

Ferruhşah Mosque

Ferruhşah Mosque is a small historical mosque in Akşehir, Turkey. In Turkish mescit refers to small mosques.

Technical details

The lower stage of the tomb is square, the upper stage is cylindrical and the roof conical. The interior of the tomb is decorated by turquoise stars and hexagonal patterns.

There were four wooden coffins (Turkish : sanduka) of high artistic value in the tomb. These coffins were stolen in 1976. One of the coffins is now in the David Samling Museum in Copenhagen, Denmark. [3] [4] Two others were confiscated before they were sent out of Turkey. They are now in Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum in İstanbul.

The David Collection Art museum in Copenhagen, Denmark

The David Collection is a museum of fine and applied art in Copenhagen, Denmark, built around the private collections of lawyer, businessman and art collector C. L. David.

Copenhagen Capital of Denmark

Copenhagen is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. As of July 2018, the city has a population of 777,218. It forms the core of the wider urban area of Copenhagen and the Copenhagen metropolitan area. Copenhagen is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand; another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road.

Denmark constitutional monarchy in Europe

Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and is bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark also comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, Jutland, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, Funen and the North Jutlandic Island. The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2 (16,573 sq mi), land area of 42,394 km2 (16,368 sq mi), and the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi), and a population of 5.8 million.

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References

  1. Online biography (in Turkish)
  2. Akşehir page (in Turkish) Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Newspaper article (Hürriyet 30 July 2001) (in Turkish)
  4. Ministry of Tourism page (in Turkish)