Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Romania)

Last updated
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
Mormantul eroului necunoscut.jpg
For the Heroes of World War I
Unveiled17 May 1923
Location 44°24′40.66″N26°5′48.31″E / 44.4112944°N 26.0967528°E / 44.4112944; 26.0967528 Coordinates: 44°24′40.66″N26°5′48.31″E / 44.4112944°N 26.0967528°E / 44.4112944; 26.0967528
Designed byLidia Kotzebuie
Total burials1
Burials by war

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Romanian : Mormântul Soldatului Necunoscut) is a monument located in Bucharest, Romania. Dedicated to the soldiers who died while fighting for Romania. It is one of many such national tombs.


It was built in 1923 to commemorate the Romanians who died during World War I.


In 1923 it was decided to choose one of the fallen soldiers to represent all who had sacrificed their lives during the war.

The order no. 567/1 May 1923 of the Ministry of War ruled that a war orphan in the 1st grade of a military school would choose the coffin of the Unknown Soldier. The military schools in Iași, Craiova, Chișinău and Dealu Monastery submitted the names of their best students who met the respective criteria. Out of the four candidates the war orphan Amilcar Săndulescu, a 12-year student at the "Dimitrie Sturdza" Military High School in Craiova (nowadays "Tudor Vladimirescu" Military College), whose father died on the front in 1917, was selected. [1]

Ten unidentified soldiers who died at Mărășești, Mărăști, Oituz, Târgu Ocna, Jiu, Prahova, Bucharest, in Dobruja, Transylvania and Bessarabia were exhumed and laid in oak coffins, doubled with zinc, inside the "Assumption of Mary" Church in Mărășești.

On May 14, 1923, during the solemn ceremony organized at Mărășești, Amilcar Săndulescu knelt in front of the fourth coffin and said: "This is my father". [1] After the Unknown Soldier had been chosen, the other nine coffins were buried with military honors in the Heroes' Cemetery in Mărăşeşti.

On May 15, 1923, the Unknown Soldier's coffin, wrapped in a Romanian Tricolor, was placed on board of a special train to Bucharest, where it was waited for by the King Ferdinand, state officials and an honor guard. Laid on a cannon carriage pulled by eight horses, the coffin was transported in a long procession to the "Mihai Vodă" Church and remained there for 2 more days, so the people could pay their last respects.

On May 17, 1923 (which was also Heroes' Day/Ascension Day), the coffin was buried inside a crypt in Carol Park with full military honors in the presence of the Royal family, the Government, members of Parliament, and numerous members of the public. The stone slab of the crypt read: "Here lies at rest happily unto the Lord the Unknown Soldier, who sacrificed his life for the unity of the Romanian people. On his bones lies the land of united Romania. 1916–1919."

On the night of December 22/23, 1958, the Unknown Soldier’s monument was dismantled and moved, in great secrecy, to the Mărășești Mausoleum by the Communist regime to make room for the Mausoleum of the Communist Heroes, where several leaders of the Party were later interred (among them Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej).

In 1991, after the fall of the regime, the Tomb was moved back into the Carol Park, closer to its original location.

In 2007 the Tomb was moved even closer to its original 1923 location, right next to the Communist mausoleum.

See also

Related Research Articles

They shall not pass phrase

"They shall not pass" is a slogan used to express determination to defend a position against an enemy.

Tannenberg Memorial

The Tannenberg Memorial was a monument to the German soldiers of the Battle of Tannenberg (1914), the First Battle of the Masurian Lakes and the medieval Battle of Tannenberg (1410). The victorious German commander, Generalfeldmarschall Paul von Hindenburg, became a national hero and was later interred at the site.

Mausoleum Monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or people

A mausoleum is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or people. A monument without the interment is a cenotaph. A mausoleum may be considered a type of tomb, or the tomb may be considered to be within the mausoleum.

Patriarch Justinian of Romania

Justinian Marina was a Romanian Orthodox prelate. He was the third patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church, serving between 1948 and 1977.

1st Infantry Division (Romania)

The 1st Infantry DivisionDacica was one of the major units of the Romanian Land Forces, with its headquarters located in Bucharest. It was the heraldic successor of the Romanian First Army. On 31 August 2015, 1st Infantry Division headquarters disbanded, to become, three months later, the Headquarters Multinational Division Southeast of NATO's Allied Joint Force Command Naples.

Ecaterina Teodoroiu

Ecaterina Teodoroiu was a Romanian woman who fought and died in World War I, and is regarded as a heroine of Romania.

Ion Jalea Romanian sculptor and medallist (1887-1983)

Ion Jalea was a Romanian sculptor, medallist, titular member of the Romanian Academy.

Ion Dragalina

Ion Dragalina was a Romanian general, who died during the World War I in the First Battle of the Jiu Valley. Dragalina was born in the city of Karansebesch, which at the time was part of the Austrian Empire.

Carol Park

Carol I Park is a public park in Bucharest, Romania, named after King Carol I of Romania. A French garden located in the southern-central area of Bucharest, partly on Filaret hill, originally capable of hosting various exhibitions, it suffered considerable modifications during the communist regime, including a name change to Parcul Libertății.

Battle of Mărăști First World War battle in Romania

The Battle of Mărăști was one of the main battles to take place on Romanian soil in World War I. It was fought between July 22 and August 1, 1917, and was an offensive operation of the Romanian and Russian Armies intended to encircle and destroy the German 9th Army. The operation was planned to occur in tandem with the Nămoloasa offensive; however, this operation was abandoned before it began.

Monument to the Heroes of the Engineer Arm

The Monument to the Heroes of the Engineer Arm in Bucharest, Romania is dedicated to the heroism and sacrifice of the military engineers who fought in the Romanian Army during World War I, of whom nearly a thousand were killed in action and many more wounded.

Eremia Grigorescu Romanian general and politician

Eremia Teofil Grigorescu was a Romanian artillery general during World War I, and Minister of War in the Constantin Coandă cabinet.

Mausoleum of Mărășești

The Mausoleum of Mărășești is a memorial site in Romania containing remains of 5,073 Romanian soldiers and officers killed in the First World War and dedicated to the commemoration of the Battle of Mărășești and Romanian Army members who were killed during World War I.

Constantin Petrovicescu

Constantin Petrovicescu was a Romanian soldier and politician, who served as Interior Minister from September 14, 1940 to January 21, 1941 during the National Legionary State.

Funerals of Ion Moța and Vasile Marin

The Funerals of Ion Moța and Vasile Marin were a series of wide-scale demonstrations in Romania. The two leaders of the Iron Guard were killed in battle on the same day, January 13, 1937, at Majadahonda during the Spanish Civil War while fighting on the side of Francoist Spain.

National Monument at Vítkov

The National Monument on top of Vítkov Hill in Prague's Žižkov district is one of the most important buildings related to the development of Czechoslovak/Czech statehood.

Constantin Cristescu Romanian general

Constantin Cristescu was a Romanian lieutenant general during World War I, and Chief of Staff of the Romanian Army.

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Italy)

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is a war memorial located in Rome under the statue of the goddess Roma at the Altare della Patria. It is a sacellum dedicated to the Italian soldiers killed and missing during war.

Marina Hociotă, also known as Mina Hociotă, was a Romanian nun who acted as a front line nurse during World War I.

Nicolae Samsonovici Romanian general

Nicolae Samsonovici was a Romanian general. In the 1930s, he served as Chief of the General Staff and as Defense Minister.


  1. 1 2 "Orfanul care a schimbat, în 1923, istoria României. Povestea impresionantă a lui Amilcar Săndulescu, micuţul care a ales Eroul Necunoscut al neamului (The orphan who changed Romania's history in 1923. The impressive story of Amilcar Săndulescu, the little one who chose Romania's Unknown Soldier)". Adevărul. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2018.